Design and Development: The Made in BRIC Challenge
- Year: 2013
The study examines the level of design and development in three multinational subsidiaries working on fluid power industry in Brazil. Some authors say that decentralization of R&D activities by MNCs is an important source of innovation for BRICS countries. Using a case study method this paper has found that the type of design and development activities performed by these companies are more related with redesign than original and innovative activities, which would demand more complex system approach. The answer for increasing innovation levels might be in domestic firms and not in multinational ones.
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After World War II a select number of countries outside Japan and the West--those that Alice Amsden calls "the rest"--gained market share in modern industries and altered global competition. By 2000, a great divide had developed within "the rest", the lines drawn according to prewar manufacturing experience and equality in income distribution. China, India, Korea and Taiwan had built their own national manufacturing enterprises that were investing heavily in R&D. Their developmental states had t...
The crucial role of design in international competition is only now becoming fully appreciated. Based on a wide range of research in over a hundred leading companies world-wide 'Winning by Design' describes and analyses how good product design contributes to profitability.
Abstract The globalisation of business research and development (R&D) was initially confined to developed countries, primarily to the triad of North America, Western Europe and Japan. Around the turn of the millennium, multinational companies (MNCs) increasingly started to include developing countries in their R&D value chain, with a particular preference for China and India. Based on the scattered yet growing evidence, this paper argues that the shift of MNC R&D to China and India is still limi...
A Dynamic Perspective on Next-Generation Offshoring: The Global Sourcing of Science and Engineering TalentThe seemingly unlimited availability of science and engineering (S&E) talent in emerging economies and the increasing difficulties of finding such talent in advanced economies have given rise to a new trend: the global sourcing of S&E talent. This paper examines the antecedents and dynamics of this trend. In particular, it examines the coevolution of macroeconomic forces, domestic and offshore national policies, industry dynamics, and firm-level offshoring capabilities driving today's offshoring...
Abstract This paper's purpose is to make a first attempt at analysing the design function from a variety of disciplinary perspectives: economic, sociological and management. It explores what design is, and compares it to R&D and technological innovation. It surveys the literature on technological innovation and considers its usefulness in understanding and analysing the design function. It then examines the organisation and location of design activities in relation to manufacturing firms, referr...
Industrial upgrading (IU), the stepwise development of manufacturing skills from simple to more complicated tasks, can be a highly effective approach for late entrants. IU relies on a sequential and paced approach to develop progressively more complicated industry-established practices. We explore the effects of IU on innovation performance. Using path analysis on a sample of 353 manufacturers, we show that firms can progress from lower rungs of manufacturing and design to higher rungs. Progress...
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