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Coronary heart disease in seven countries.

Published on Jan 1, 1970in Circulation23.054
Ancel Keys71
Estimated H-index: 71
Abstract
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  • Citations (1526)
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1980
1 Author (Ancel Keys)
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The American Heart Association (AHA) recently published a meta-analysis that confirmed their 60-year-old recommendation to limit saturated fat (SFA, saturated fatty acid) and replace it with polyunsaturated fat to reduce the risk of heart disease based on the strength of 4 Core Trials. To assess the evidence for this recommendation, meta-analyses on the effect of SFA consumption on heart disease outcomes were reviewed. Nineteen meta-analyses addressing this topic were identified: 9 observational...
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PURPOSE: To study age at death (AD) in elderly men as a function of risk factors and morbid conditions in a 25-year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men enrolled in the Seven Countries Study belonging to 8 cohorts in 4 European countries (Finland, The Netherlands, Italy and Serbia) were examined between 1984 and 1989 (aged 65-84 years) with measurement of some cardiovascular risk factors and recording of a few major morbid conditions. AD was measured after 25-year follow-up and used in multiple...
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Last. Richard J. K. Taylor (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 64
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BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of a 2015-17 community intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) risk factors is assessed in a Sri Lanka adult population, using a before-and-after study design. METHODS: Four contiguous Public Health Midwife (PHM) areas in Kalutara district (Western Province) were exposed to a Sri Lankan designed community health promotion initiatives (without screening) to lower CVD and T2DM risk factors. Pre- and post-intervention surveys (201...
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#1Claude K Lardinois (UNR: University of Nevada, Reno)H-Index: 8
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#1Yuji Nishizaki (Juntendo University)H-Index: 9
#2Hiroyuki Daida (Juntendo University)H-Index: 43
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#1Huaizhu Wu (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 16
#2Lu Xu (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 2
Last. Christie M. Ballantyne (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 100
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CONTEXT: The effects of dietary intake of different fatty acids and pharmacological use of fatty acids, specifically long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFAs), on cardiovascular health and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) prevention have been examined in a large number of observational studies and clinical trials. This review summarizes recent data and discusses potential mechanisms. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The review is based on the authors' knowledge of the field su...
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#1Alessandro MenottiH-Index: 58
#2Paolo Emilio Puddu (UNICAEN: University of Caen Lower Normandy)H-Index: 36
Abstract The Italian research group of the Seven Countries Study of Cardiovascular Diseases (SCS) through the independent use of the national cohorts and data had the lucky opportunity, starting in the early 1960, to launch the Italian research in epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). In this way, the Italian Section of that international study became the first investigation with baseline measurements in various cohorts, subsequent re-examinations,systematic search for morbid events, an...
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#1Paul Moayyedi (McMaster University)H-Index: 84
#2Magnus Simren (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 44
Last. Premysl Bercik (McMaster University)H-Index: 42
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Exclusion diets are becoming increasingly popular in the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Several mechanisms exist by which food items might cause gastrointestinal symptoms, such as direct osmotic effects of food in the gut lumen, changes to the gut microbiota and immune activation. These effects have been demonstrated in animal models and in human studies, particularly in the case of gluten-free diets and diets low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and...
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#1Yasuhiro Watanabe (Toho University)H-Index: 4
#2IchiroTatsuno (Toho University)H-Index: 25
An epidemiological study of Greenlandic Inuit suggested that fish oil, or omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), was important in preventing atherosclerotic disease. After this landmark study, many large-scale epidemiological studies and meta-analyses have examined the health benefits of omega-3 PUFA as part of a fatty acid-rich diet to demonstrate its beneficial roles in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Recent research has also focused attention on the anti-inflammatory effects o...
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#1Antonis ZampelasH-Index: 31
: CVD are the main cause of death especially in high-income countries. Previously, research focused on single nutrients including saturated and MUFA, sodium and dietary fibre, or specific foods such as fish, fruit and vegetables, and olive oil, in the aetiology of CVD. In recent years, however, the effects of complete dietary patterns on the prevention of CVD have gained interest, to account for diet heterogeneity and food-nutrient interactions. Several dietary patterns have been investigated, s...
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