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Between Reason and Experience: Essays in Technology and Modernity

Published on Apr 9, 2010
Andrew Feenberg30
Estimated H-index: 30
Abstract
The technologies, markets, and administrations of today's knowledge society are in crisis. We face recurring disasters in every domain: climate change, energy shortages, economic meltdown. The system is broken, despite everything the technocrats claim to know about science, technology, and economics. These problems are exacerbated by the fact that today powerful technologies have unforeseen effects that disrupt everyday life; the new masters of technology are not restrained by the lessons of experience, and accelerate change to the point where society is in constant turmoil. In Between Reason and Experience, leading philosopher of technology Andrew Feenberg makes a case for the interdependence of reasonscientific knowledge, technical rationalityand experience. Feenberg examines different aspects of the tangled relationship between technology and society from the perspective of critical theory of technology, an approach he has pioneered over the past twenty years. Feenberg points to two examples of democratic interventions into technology: the Internet (in which user initiative has influenced design) and the environmental movement (in which science coordinates with protest and policy). He examines methodological applications of critical theory of technology to the case of the French Minitel computing network and to the relationship between national culture and technology in Japan. Finally, Feenberg considers the philosophies of technology of Heidegger, Habermas, Latour, and Marcuse. The gradual extension of democracy into the technical sphere, Feenberg argues, is one of the great political transformations of our time. Inside Technology series
  • References (1)
  • Citations (89)
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Published on Jan 1, 1964
Marshall McLuhan27
Estimated H-index: 27
This reissue of Understanding Media marks the thirtieth anniversary (1964-1994) of Marshall McLuhan's classic expose on the state of the then emerging phenomenon of mass media. Terms and phrases such as "the global village" and "the medium is the message" are now part of the lexicon, and McLuhan's theories continue to challenge our sensibilities and our assumptions about how and what we communicate. There has been a notable resurgence of interest in McLuhan's work in the last few years, fueled b...
Cited By89
Newest
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Energy research and social science
Andrew Stirling44
Estimated H-index: 44
(University of Sussex)
Abstract This paper examines a variety of theories bearing on ‘socio-material incumbency’ and explores methodological implications. The aim is to develop a systematic general approach, which builds on strengths and mitigates weaknesses in prevailing analytical frameworks. A particular priority lies in avoidance of self-acknowledged tendencies in existing theory to ‘reify’ central notions like ‘the regime’. Such pictures may overstate the tractability of incumbency to conventional policy instrume...
Published on 2019in arXiv: Computers and Society
Os Keyes1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Josephine Hoy , Margaret Drouhard4
Estimated H-index: 4
The HCI community has worked to expand and improve our consideration of the societal implications of our work and our corresponding responsibilities. Despite this increased engagement, HCI continues to lack an explicitly articulated politic, which we argue re-inscribes and amplifies systemic oppression. In this paper, we set out an explicit political vision of an HCI grounded in emancipatory autonomy - an anarchist HCI, aimed at dismantling all oppressive systems by mandating suspicion of and a ...
Published on Jun 3, 2019in Science Education2.90
Jacob Pleasants (Keene State College), Michael P. Clough20
Estimated H-index: 20
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
+ 1 AuthorsGlen Miller1
Estimated H-index: 1
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
Science and technology are so intertwined that technoscience has been argued to more accurately reflect the progress of science and its impact on society, and most socioscientific issues require technoscientific reasoning. Education policy documents have long noted that the general public lacks sufficient understanding of science and technology necessary for informed decision-making regarding socioscientific/technological issues. The science–technology–society movement and scholarship addressing...
Published on May 1, 2019in Technological Forecasting and Social Change3.81
Stefano Andreani1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Harvard University),
Matteo Giacomo Maria Kalchschmidt3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Bergamo)
+ 1 AuthorsAllen Sayegh2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Harvard University)
Abstract Smart city initiatives can be seen as a powerful driver for exploring future scenarios of contemporary cities through the lens of emerging technologies. Yet, the translation of those visions into actual urban implementations often fails to place the citizen experience at the forefront for the sake of the efficiency and optimization of urban processes and systems. Looking at the future as a design opportunity, this paper offers an alternative perspective to the technocentric and universa...
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Thomas Taro Lennerfors5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Uppsala University),
Murata Kiyoshi (Meiji University)
It is now widely accepted that technology is not value-free and that there is a need for a continuous discussion about the ethical impacts of technology. Although there are exceptions, scholars who discuss the ethics of technology often draw on Western philosophy, such as utilitarianism, deontological ethics, and virtue ethics. In contrast, this introduction suggest that we should explore the possibilities of Japanese ethics for scrutinising the impact of technology. In the chapter, we briefly o...
Published on Dec 10, 2018
Dirk S. Hovorka10
Estimated H-index: 10
(USYD: University of Sydney),
Sandra Peter2
Estimated H-index: 2
(USYD: University of Sydney)
Optimistic instrumentalism dominates the narratives and discourse(s) that attend recent technology advances. Most future-studies methods in current use depend on projecting properties, processes, facts or conditions of the present into the future. Absent is substantive engagement with the human condition and day-to-day life such technological futures entail. To critique the dominant discourse on future worlds, we offer thinking with monsters to disclose ‘living-with-technologies’ and the social,...
Published on Dec 1, 2018
Jacqueline M. Bos1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre),
Bernice Bovenkerk7
Estimated H-index: 7
(WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)
+ 1 AuthorsYnte K. van Dam (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)
Precision livestock farming (PLF) is the management of livestock using the principles and technology of process engineering. Key to PLF is the dense monitoring of variegated parameters, including animal growth, output of produce (e.g. milk, eggs), diseases, animal behaviour, and the physical environment (e.g. thermal micro-environment, ammonia emissions). While its proponents consider PLF a win-win strategy that combines production efficiency with sustainability goals and animal welfare, critics...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in IEEE Technology and Society Magazine1.02
Philip J. Chmielewski (LMU: Loyola Marymount University)
Autonomous weapons systems (AWS) used in offensive combat should be subject to further ethical evaluation. The IEEE's "Ethical Considerations in Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems" [1] and the Future of Life Institute's AI principles [2] are recent stages marking the significance of this inquiry.
Published on Jul 18, 2018
Sander Andreas Schwartz (RU: Roskilde University), Martina Skrubbeltrang Mahnke (ITU: IT University of Copenhagen)
This study addresses how young Danish adults (18-26 years old) describe and critically reflect on the role of Facebook, the algorithm and the news feed as a way of receiving information and relating to the world. The analysis is based on a critical framework of Feenberg's and Ihde's theoretical work on the relationship between subject, technology and life world. The empirical material is based on ten individual interviews, which were thematically coded. Preliminary findings point towards an omni...
View next paperThe Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology