Learning Networks and Connective Knowledge

Published on Jan 1, 2010
· DOI :10.4018/978-1-60566-729-4.ch001
Stephen Downes13
Estimated H-index: 13
(National Research Council)
The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the thinking behind new e-learning technology, including e-portfolios and personal learning environments. Part of this thinking is centered around the theory of connectivism, which asserts that knowledge and therefore the learning of knowledge is distributive, that is, not located in any given place (and therefore not 'transferred' or 'transacted' per se) but rather consists of the network of connections formed from experience and interactions with a knowing community. And another part of this thinking is centered around the new, and the newly empowered, learner, the member of the net generation, who is thinking and interacting in new ways. These trends combine to form what is sometimes called 'e-learning 2.0' an approach to learning that is based on conversation and interaction, on sharing, creation and participation, on learning not as a separate activity, but rather, as embedded in meaningful activities such as games or workflows.
  • References (40)
  • Citations (173)
Published on Aug 22, 2007
Tim O'Reilly1
Estimated H-index: 1
This paper was the first initiative to try to define Web2.0 and understand its implications for the next generation of software, looking at both design patterns and business modes. Web 2.0 is the network as platform, spanning all connected devices; Web 2.0 applications are those that make the most of the intrinsic advantages of that platform: delivering software as a continually-updated service that gets better the more people use it, consuming and remixing data from multiple sources, including ...
Published on Jan 1, 2006
Mary Madden and Susannah Fox1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Jan 1, 2006
M. van Harmelen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Manchester)
Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) are attracting increasing interest in the e-learning domain. PLEs may be characterised in a multidimensional space. Examples of PLEs are discussed.
Published on Jul 31, 2005 in SIGGRAPH (International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques)
Philipp Slusallek33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Saarland University),
Peter Shirley46
Estimated H-index: 46
(UofU: University of Utah)
+ 2 AuthorsIngo Wald35
Estimated H-index: 35
(MPG: Max Planck Society)
Published on Jan 1, 2004
Ian Ravenscroft6
Estimated H-index: 6
International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning (ITDL), January 2005
Published on Aug 1, 2003in Ubiquity
Stephen Downes13
Estimated H-index: 13
Published on Jan 1, 2003
Duncan J. Watts50
Estimated H-index: 50
'Six degrees of separation' is a cliche, as is 'it's a small world', both cliches of the language and cliches of everyone's experience. We all live in tightly bonded social networks, yet linked to vast numbers of other people more closely than we sometimes think. Only in recent years, however, have scientists begun to apply insights from the theoretical study of networks to understand forms of network as superficially different as social networks and electrical networks, computer networks and ec...
Cited By173
Published on Sep 19, 2019
Over the last years, a growing interest in blended learning, that can be defined as the mixing of online courses with face-to-face courses taking advantage of both worlds [7, 17, 33], has been on the increase.
Published on Apr 3, 2019in Research in Science & Technological Education0.88
Valentino van de Heyde1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UWC: University of the Western Cape),
André Siebrits1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UCT: University of Cape Town)
ABSTRACTBackground: Students’ well preparedness for laboratory sessions is of importance for a number of reasons including them being able to engage in and learn from the session and in acquiring the necessary laboratory skills needed for the scientific community and for possible further work in industry. To enhance the preparedness of the students an online environment was designed, developed and implemented in a structured logical manner.Purpose: The purpose of this exploratory study is to inv...
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Computers in Education
Irina Kuznetcova1
Estimated H-index: 1
(OSU: Ohio State University),
Michael Glassman14
Estimated H-index: 14
(OSU: Ohio State University),
Tzu-Jung Lin (OSU: Ohio State University)
Abstract Some emergent forms of online educational tools support the formation of a non-hierarchically distributed communication. Theories posit that this form of communication can harvest a more optimal learning environment compared to traditional classroom environments, but evidence supporting the theoretical assumption is scarce. The current study examined whether a Multi-User Virtual Environment (MUVE) tool called Second Life (SL) in conjunction with blogging and traditional lecturing (MUVE ...
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Philip Bonanno4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Malta),
Michał Klichowski2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań),
Penelope Lister (University of Malta)
This chapter discusses the recent conceptual developments about CyberParks and their educational potential. Key learning characteristics and pedagogical principles will be identified through a review of learning theories and studies from cognitive neuroscience. Relevant pedagogical models are reviewed to develop one that describes learning in CyberParks, which will be used to design and evaluate learning in such context. An innovative connectivist-inspired process-oriented pedagogical model is p...
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Chih-Feng Chien (CYCU: Chung Yuan Christian University), Gary Yu-Hsin Chen , Ching-Jung Liao (CYCU: Chung Yuan Christian University)
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Smart Learning Environments
Penelope Lister (University of Malta)
This paper takes the form of a discussion relating to a smarter knowledge commons, having come about due to implications arising from research into the development of a pragmatic pedagogical ‘guide to learning’ for smart learning environments. The paper does not discuss any research findings (which have not yet been established), but rather is about attempting to discover through examination of early adopter use cases the underlying challenge for smart learning design in relation to the delivery...
A considerable amount of literature has recently appeared around the theme of learning networks and Connectivism. However, our understanding of how and why students navigate learning networks in the way they do is limited and the field lacks empirical studies investigating how students form connections. This paper presents a model showing how students form connections to different kinds of resources, along with the criteria they use to decide on which resource to choose. The findings were derive...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Computer Applications in Engineering Education1.44
Qingguo Zhou6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Lanzhou University),
Hongyu Sun1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Swinburne University of Technology)
+ 3 AuthorsKuan-Ching Li13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UEW: University of Education, Winneba)
Published on Jan 2, 2018in Physical Therapy Reviews
Jeannette Unge7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Lund University),
Pernilla Lundh (Karolinska University Hospital)+ 1 AuthorsGunilla Amnér3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Lund University)
Our aim was to explore the current state of e-learning activities during physiotherapy and occupational therapy education, in relation to theories and models about learning. What kind of e-learning activities were described and which were the intentions behind the use of digital support expressed in current physiotherapy and occupational therapy literature? The search was done using four different search engines. Twenty articles met the inclusion criteria and where included. Three categories of ...
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