Peer Language Socialization

Published on Aug 19, 2011
· DOI :10.1002/9781444342901.ch16
Marjorie Harness Goodwin31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles),
Amy Kyratzis12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)
  • References (65)
  • Citations (49)
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The current English-only educational climate in California presents children with polarizing discourses about national belonging (Bailey 2007). This study uses language socialization theory (e.g., Garret and Baquedano-Lopez 2002) and Bakhtin’s (1981) concept of “heteroglossia” to examine how members of a peer group of linguistic minority children attending a bilingual Spanish-English preschool in California used bilingual practices among themselves to respond to such polarizing discourses and or...
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This article adapts Bakhtin’s term “heteroglossia” as a framework for analyzing Miskitu children’s multilingual speech on Corn Island, off the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua. Analysis of naturally occurring speech in this context illustrates the utility of partial competencies and hybridized speech, supporting a view of language not as a bounded system, but as a diverse pool of communicative resources that socialize children into multiple modes of voicing and acting. More broadly, the article exam...
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The five articles in this issue examine how children, in naturally occurring school and neighborhood peer and sibling-kin groups across a variety of cultures and societies, socialize one another to do heteroglossia, drawing upon a diverse repertoire of linguistic and discursive forms in their everyday cultural practices. Through the use of ethnographic techniques for recording natural conversations, they demonstrate how children, in their peer play interactions, make use of and juxtapose multipl...
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This study examines how boys from San Antonio Aguas Calientes, Guatemala develop their own perspective about what it means to be moral human beings in the world via discursive practices that contrast enregistered voices within an emergent performance genre that simultaneously doubles as sociodramatic play-frame. This emergent genre exhibits both mimesis and alterity; children have appropriated a popular adult genre, within which their participation, originally, was highly circumscribed. In their...
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The present study explores how minority schoolchildren in multilingual peer group interactions act upon dominant educational and linguistic ideologies as they organize their everyday emerging peer ...
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This paper examines the situated ways in which Moroccan immigrant children in Spain create imagined, alternative life worlds and explore possible forms of identification through an investigation of these children’s hybrid linguistic practices in the midst of play. Drawing on Bakhtin’s (1981, 1986) notions of heteroglossia and hybridity, the analysis focuses on the meanings of codeswitching practices that a group of Moroccan immigrant girls deploy in pretend-play sequences involving dolls to cons...
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Abstract This article explores children's socialization into politeness routines in a preschool in Japan. In particular, it analyzes the verbal and non-verbal strategies that teachers deploy in encouraging children to engage in politeness routines, and examines ways that children initiate and respond to these routines with peers and socialize peers into them. This account is based on a 1-year ethnographic and linguistic study, which draws upon 48 h of audio–visual recordings of 2–5-year-old nati...
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#1Marjorie Harness Goodwin (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 31
#2H. Samy Alim (Stanford University)H-Index: 21
This article examines the argumentative talk of a preadolescent girls' peer group demonstrating both the co-construction of microinteractional identities as well as the coproduction of macro-social identity categories, such as race, class, and gender. Activities of social aggression are performed through embodied styling and stancetaking in the midst of oppositional moves towards a “tagalong” girl. Through transmodal stylization girls openly mock an African American working-class girl using talk...
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This article shows that emergent meanings of impoliteness and insult in interaction are central to communicative exchanges among French adolescents of Algerian descent living in a cite, or low-income housing project. In the speech event “parental name calling” nonpolite interactions are routinely interpreted as politic or appropriate by adolescents. Yet these performances of conflict are not without risk. The potential slippage between ritual and personal insult is always present in parental nam...
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#1Kathryn M. Howard (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 7
Children's humorous play is a cultural activity with its own particular aesthetic - an aesthetic in which highly creative, incongruent, and unexpected speech and action are valorized, appreciated, and rewarded. Drawing on Bauman's concept of calibration, the adjustments by which speakers align their intertextual utterances to new contexts and purposes, this paper argues that an aesthetic of decalibration is at work in children's metalinguistic and metapragmatic language play. Children capitalize...
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Abstract In addition to adults, peers too act as crucial instances of discourse/language socialization. Due to the fact that the ways of learning differ greatly, peers learn from peers in a special way. In the study at hand we claim that within argumentation among kindergartners peers offer each other multiple learning opportunities and establish several requirements to improve discursive competencies. Discourse acquisition in this sense can be conceptualized as a longitudinally observable side ...
#1Graziela Dekeyser (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 1
#2Paul Puschmann (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 1
Last. Orhan Agirdag (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 15
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ABSTRACTAn increasing number of ethnolinguistic minority children in European cities grow up multilingual, being proficient in more than one language. Current public and political debates often ins...
#1Ekaterina Moore (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 1
#2Matthew Burdelski (Osaka University)H-Index: 6
Abstract This paper examines Korean preschool children's socialization into uses of honorifics, focusing on the role that teachers’ honorific speech practices and children's peer conflict play in this process. Unlike previous studies, which typically assumed a one-to-one relationship between honorifics and politeness or deference, the analysis of teachers’ and children's discourse in classroom settings illustrates that honorifics are indexes of a wide variety of sociocultural meanings such as pr...
#1Amy L. Paugh (JMU: James Madison University)H-Index: 6
Abstract In Dominica, a process of language shift from Patwa, an Afro-French creole, to varieties of English, the official language, has been ongoing over several decades. English indexes higher scales of value related to its position as the language of government, education, and formal settings, while Patwa indexes lower scales related to its position as a predominantly rural, oral, informal language. Children are generally prohibited from speaking Patwa in adult-controlled settings and increas...
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#1Amy Kyratzis (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 12
Abstract This study uses the framework of space and scale (Blommaert et al., 2005) and construct of “enregisterment” (Agha, 2005) to examine how bilingual Spanish-English Mexican heritage children in California engage with and explore registers in multilingual play with peers. Children's spontaneous pretend play at a bilingual Spanish-English Head Start preschool at which teachers used local diversified bilingual educational practice, but were also preparing children for English-only public scho...
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#1Amelia Church (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 5
#2Amanda Bateman (Swansea University)H-Index: 6
Abstract The aim of this paper is to illustrate how the Conversation Analytic Role-play Method (CARM) developed by Elizabeth Stokoe meets the professional learning needs of early childhood teachers. The methodology of conversation analysis offers unique insight into the systematic turns at talk that are essential for collaborative knowledge building, and so can be valuable in informing early childhood teacher practice. Early childhood teachers report that professional development is most useful ...
Abstract The present study documents the everyday bilingual practices of Mayan children, using Tzotzil Mayan and Spanish at play. It is based on a video-ethnography of bilingual peer language practices framed within larger research on language socialization in the everyday lives of Mayan children in the South of Mexico. The study examines how the children, whose first language is Tzotzil, staged bilingual scenarios through the use of parallel bilingual constructions (e.g., alignments, adjacency ...
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#1Victoria Surtees (UBC: University of British Columbia)
Abstract The field of study abroad (SA) research has paid scant attention to the perspectives of people with whom SA students interact in the host community (e.g., Kinginger, 2012), particularly to the perspectives of peers. This paper analyzes interviews conducted with eight English-speaking peers of Japanese SA students sojourning in Western Canada. Using membership categorization analysis (MCA) (Housley & Fitzgerald, 2015), it examines how peers used category-based rationales to claim or resi...