An Opportunity for Mutual Learning between Organizational Learning and Global Strategy Researchers: Transactive Memory Systems

Published on May 1, 2015in Global Strategy Journal
· DOI :10.1002/gsj.1096
Linda Argote38
Estimated H-index: 38
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)
The concept of transactive memory systems affords an opportunity for organizational learning and global strategy researchers to learn from each other to their mutual benefit. A transactive memory system is a collective system for encoding, storing, and retrieving information. Teams with well-developed transactive memory systems have been found to perform better on a variety of tasks than teams lacking such memory systems. The preponderance of research on transactive memory systems has been at the team level of analysis. I argue that extending the concept of transactive memory to the organizational level and studying the concept in global firms would advance knowledge about transactive memory systems as well as increase our understanding of global strategy.
  • References (42)
  • Citations (10)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
7 Citations
2 Authors (Dorit Nevo, Yair Wand)
156 Citations
2012HICSS: Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
3 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Jasper J. Hotho (CBS: Copenhagen Business School)H-Index: 8
#2Marjorie A. Lyles (IU: Indiana University Bloomington)H-Index: 37
Last. Mark Easterby-Smith (Lancaster University)H-Index: 36
view all 3 authors...
Despite the interest in issues of knowing and learning in the global strategy field, there has been limited mutual engagement and interaction between the fields of global strategy and organizational learning. The purpose of our article is to reflect on and articulate how the mutual exchange of ideas between these fields can be encouraged. To this end, we first conduct a review of the intersection of the fields of global strategy and organizational learning. We then present two recommendations re...
18 CitationsSource
#1Vesa Peltokorpi (Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology)H-Index: 23
This article integrates the organizational coordination and transactive memory system (TMS) literatures and provides an empirical study on organizational TMS coordination mechanisms. The study findings, based on 60 interviews in a Japanese manufacturing company, show that organization design (team-based structure, small unit size), human resource management (HRM) practices (recruitment and selection, training, promotion, and reward systems and performance evaluations), and relational interaction...
12 CitationsSource
#1Linda Argote (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 38
#2Yuqing RenH-Index: 18
A persistent puzzle in management research is competitive advantage and why certain firms excel in getting ahead while others falter (Knott, 2003). One explanation is the dynamic capability argument, which emphasizes a firm’s superior ability in sensing new opportunities in its environment and seeking those opportunities by continuously adapting, integrating, and reconfiguring its key assets and competences (Teece et al., 1997). Researchers have called for more work to identify the micro-process...
90 CitationsSource
55 CitationsSource
#1Kyle Lewis (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 12
#2Benjamin Herndon (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 3
Transactive memory system (TMS) theory has been popularized in recent research on groups and other collectives. In this essay we outline current issues in TMS research and develop propositions that can be tested in future research. We describe issues concerning how researchers define and conceptualize TMSs, interpret the relationship between TMS measures and the TMS concept, and attend to the role of task type in TMS research. The potential to advance TMS research by incorporating multilevel and...
168 CitationsSource
#1Linda Argote (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 38
#2Ella Miron-Spektor (BIU: Bar-Ilan University)H-Index: 10
Organizational learning has been an important topic for the journal Organization Science and for the field. We provide a theoretical framework for analyzing organizational learning. According to the framework, organizational experience interacts with the context to create knowledge. The context is conceived as having both a latent component and an active component through which learning occurs. We also discuss current and emerging research themes related to components of our framework. Promising...
604 CitationsSource
#1Yuqing Ren (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 18
#2Linda Argote (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 38
Over two decades have passed since Wegner and his co-authors published the groundbreaking paper on transactive memory systems (TMS) in 1985. The concept attracted the interest of management, psychology, and communication scholars who have employed a variety of methods to examine the phenomenon. In this paper, we review 76 papers that examined transactive memory systems and summarize the findings in an integrative framework to show the antecedents and consequences of TMS. Our review also reveals ...
194 CitationsSource
#1Henk W. Volberda (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 49
#2Nicolai Juul Foss (NHH: Norwegian School of Economics)H-Index: 72
Last. Marjorie A. Lyles (IU: Indiana University Bloomington)H-Index: 37
view all 3 authors...
The purpose of this perspective paper is to advance understanding of absorptive capacity, its underlying dimensions, its multilevel antecedents, its impact on firm performance, and the contextual factors that affect absorptive capacity. Twenty years after the Cohen and Levinthal 1990 paper, the field is characterized by a wide array of theoretical perspectives and a wealth of empirical evidence. In this paper, we first review these underlying theories and empirical studies of absorptive capacity...
508 CitationsSource
#1Christina Fang (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 11
#2Jeho Lee (KAIST)H-Index: 11
Last. Melissa A. Schilling (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 27
view all 3 authors...
The classic trade-off between exploration and exploitation in organizational learning has attracted vigorous attention by researchers over the last two decades. Despite this attention, however, the question of how firms can better maintain the balance of exploration and exploitation remains unresolved. Drawing on a wide range of research on population and organization structure, we argue that an organization divided into semi-isolated subgroups may help strike this balance. We simulate such an o...
241 CitationsSource
#1Francesca Gino (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 51
#2Linda Argote (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 38
Last. Gergana Todorova (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 9
view all 4 authors...
How does prior experience influence team creativity? We address this question by examining the effects of task experience acquired directly and task experience acquired vicariously from others on team creativity in a product-development task. Across three laboratory studies, we find that direct task experience leads to higher levels of team creativity and more divergent products than indirect task experience. Moreover, our results show that the difference in team creativity between direct and in...
151 CitationsSource
Cited By10
Abstract Collaboration for innovation and innovative performance have been documented as critical competitive advantage tools for firms in emerging markets. Drawing on the “transactive memory” theory, this paper proposes that organizational learning (OL) and inter-organizational communication (IOC) can positively impact innovative performance through the mediating role of collaboration for innovation. The proposed relationships were assessed by PLS-SEM (symmetric) and fuzzy sets (asymmetric) app...
#1Philip T. Roundy (UTC: University of Tennessee at Chattanooga)H-Index: 11
#1Zaheer Khan (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 12
#2Vivek Soundararajan (University of Bath)H-Index: 5
Last. Amir Shoham (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 10
view all 3 authors...
Abstract In this article, a conceptual model is developed in the context of global mergers and acquisitions (MA in particular, their influence on post-merger agility (PMA) is neither well-known nor theorized in the extant literature on M&As. In this article, we theorize TMS as key mediator between AMO-enhancing HRM practices and PMA in the context of global M&As. In doing so, we bring AMO-enhancing HRM practices and TMS together and explicate their impact on PMA in the global M&As context.
#1Pasquale De Luca (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 2
#2Mirian Cano Rubio (University of Jaén)H-Index: 1
Purpose The knowledge transfer plays a key role in the firm’s capability to develop and to maintain a strategic competitive advantage over time. The capability of the firm to develop an efficient and effective process of knowledge transfer increases the internal skills and then the capability to compete in the business with positive effects on the performance. In order to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of the knowledge transfer process it must be consider two main variables: the amoun...
2 CitationsSource
#1Kristin Brandl (UVic: University of Victoria)H-Index: 4
#2P.D. Orberg Jensen (CBS: Copenhagen Business School)H-Index: 12
Last. Manya Jaura Lind (CBS: Copenhagen Business School)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
1 CitationsSource
#1Stoyan Stoyanov (University of Strathclyde)H-Index: 3
#2Richard Woodward (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 6
Last. Veselina Stoyanova (University of Strathclyde)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
Abstract In this paper we examine how foreign actors capitalize on their ethnic identity to gain skills and capabilities that enable them to operate in a new and strange environment. We explore the mechanisms by which Bulgarian entrepreneurs in London use their ethnic identity to develop competitive advantage and business contacts. We find that the entrepreneurs studied gain access to a diaspora network, which enables them to develop essential business capabilities and integrate knowledge from b...
2 CitationsSource
#1Panagiotis Piperopoulos (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 10
#2Jie Wu (UM: University of Macau)H-Index: 17
Last. Chengqi Wang (DUFE: Dongbei University of Finance and Economics)H-Index: 21
view all 3 authors...
Although prior research conceptualizes how knowledge-seeking motivates the internationalization of emerging-market enterprises (EMEs), whether outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) indeed leads to enhanced innovation performance has received limited attention. We address this subject by conceptualizing how Chinese EMEs’ OFDI enhances their subsidiaries’ organizational learning and innovation performance and whether geographic location choices influence this relationship. Our panel data analys...
17 CitationsSource
#2Windra IrdiantoH-Index: 1
Last. Syarif SuhartadiH-Index: 2
view all 4 authors...
This study aimed to describe the needs of teachers, students and develop learning constructivist, as well as test their effectiveness for subjects Car chassis, which can improve the quality of students' Vocational High School in Malang. Research and development are carried out with the steps: initial assessment by mapping the needs of students through the study of documentation and interview; prototype development models; and testing of the expert group and builder subjects. Research conducted a...
3 CitationsSource
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between transactive memory systems and organizational innovation. Several recent studies have discussed the positive relationship between these two entities. Yet, very few studies have demonstrated how transactive memory systems are related to leadership and innovation. This study investigates this tripartite relationship, finding that developmental leadership exerts a mediating effect on the relationship between transactive memory...
4 CitationsSource
#1Monika Stelmaszczyk (Jan Kochanowski University)
IntroductionOrganizational learning is still a widely researched area in the field of management. For many years the issue of organizational learning has been a major point of interest for researchers who have been searching for sources of competitive advantage [Argyris & Schon 1978; Lipshitz, Friedman & Popper 2007; Tam & Gray 2016]. Despite a wide variety of both theoretical and experimental research papers. The aforementioned subject matter is still popular.In the context of global economical...