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An Introduction to Combustion: Concepts and Applications

Published on Mar 1, 2000
Stephen R. Turns20
Estimated H-index: 20
Abstract
Preface Preface to the Second Edition Preface to the First Edition 1: Introduction 2: Combustion and Thermochemistry 3: Introduction to Mass Transfer 4: Chemical Kinetics 5: Some Important Chemical Mechanisms 6: Coupling Chemical and Thermal Analyses of Reacting Systems 7: Simplifed Conversation Equations for Reacting Flows 8: Laminar Premixed Flames 9: Laminar Diffusion Flames 10: Droplet Evaporation and Burning 11: Introduction to Turbulent Flows 12: Turbulent Premixed Flames 13: Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames 14: Burning of Solids 15: Pollutant Emissions 16: Detonations Appendix A: Selected Thermodynamic Propertiesof Gases Comprising C-H-O-N System Appendix B: Fuel Properties Appendix C: Selected Properties of Air, Nitrogen, and Oxygen Appendix D: Diffusion Coefficients and Methodology for their Estimation Appendix E: Generalized Newton's Method for the Solution of Nonlinear Equations Appendix F: Computer Codes for Equilibrium Products of Hydrocarbon-Air Combustion
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Cited By1236
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Published on Sep 1, 2019in Renewable Energy5.44
Hongzhao Liu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University),
Yuzhang Wang8
Estimated H-index: 8
(SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
+ 3 AuthorsShilie Weng10
Estimated H-index: 10
(SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
Abstract China has huge potential on biogas resources and the distributed energy system (DES) based on micro gas turbine provides an effective way for biogas utilization. In this work, turbulent combustion characteristics in the combustor of micro gas turbine for DES were numerically and experimentally studied, and the effect of carbon dioxide content in biogas on the turbulent flame was mainly analyzed. Turbulent flames structures of natural gas and three kinds of biogas under various equivalen...
Published on Jan 1, 2020in Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering2.89
Dong Liu18
Estimated H-index: 18
(THU: Tsinghua University),
Xuelu Zhang (PetroChina)+ 3 AuthorsRuonan Zheng2
Estimated H-index: 2
(THU: Tsinghua University)
Abstract Heavy oil coking is an important process for in situ combustion. The coking characteristics of two low-asphaltene heavy oils from Fengcheng (FC) and Hongqian (HQ) oilfields, which are different in viscosity, density, and composition, were studied in a fixed bed reaction system in pyrolysis and oxidizing atmospheres. FC heavy oil showed a 35% higher coke yield than HQ heavy oil, and the coke oxidation activity was worse, whereas the coke elemental compositions and heat values were simila...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science3.49
Haipeng Li4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Bremen),
Christopher D. Rosebrock5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Bremen)
+ 2 AuthorsLutz Mädler48
Estimated H-index: 48
(University of Bremen)
Abstract During spray combustion, the complex oxidizing atmosphere makes the direct experimental investigation of droplet evaporation and combustion challenging. Within this study, the effects of water vapor as well as the compositions of oxygen and nitrogen in the atmosphere on the single isolated droplet combustion were experimentally investigated using a high-speed digital camera. An in-house made piezoelectric droplet-on-demand generator was employed to reproducibly generate single isolated ...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Journal of Crystal Growth1.57
Yuan Xuan8
Estimated H-index: 8
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Abhishek Jain6
Estimated H-index: 6
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
+ 10 AuthorsLeonard Rosenbaum1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract We present a multi-scale computational approach to model the gas-phase chemical kinetics for Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) of WSe2 using W(CO)6 and H2Se as gas-phase precursors. This framework combines Quantum Mechanical (QM) methods based on Density Functional Theory (DFT), ReaxFF-based reactive molecular dynamics, and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to efficiently model the gas-phase physiochemical processes leading to WSe2 growth in a cold-wall horizontal MOCVD c...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Combustion and Flame4.12
Jacob Eldrich Rivera1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Melbourne),
Robert L. Gordon16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Melbourne)
+ 1 AuthorsMohsen Talei11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Melbourne)
Abstract This study investigates a laminar premixed flame interacting with cold gas jets, at different cooling jet mass flow fractions ( m ˙ j e t * ) and diluent types, namely air and N2. A novel burner and wall configuration is used to experimentally induce flame-cooling-air interaction (FCAI). Flame chemiluminescence imaging, exhaust temperature (Texh) and exhaust CO emissions ([CO]exh) measurements are conducted to characterise the flame shape and [CO]exh response to the cooling jets. Flame ...
Published on 2019in Energy5.54
A.González William (UdeA: University of Antioquia), F.Pérez Juan (UdeA: University of Antioquia)
Abstract Biochar (BC) is a solid byproduct of gasification and could be valorized looking for contributing to the feasibility of gasification projects. In this study, the effect of airflow during fixed-bed gasification of pelletized fallen leaves to BC was evaluated at 0.075 and 0.150 kg/s/m2. The influence of glycerol in the leaf feedstock was also studied, and the gasification products were characterized. BC formation under gasification conditions was simulated using a two-dimensional (2D) uns...
Published on 2019in Fuel5.13
Zhicun Xue3
Estimated H-index: 3
(ECUST: East China University of Science and Technology),
Yan Gong8
Estimated H-index: 8
(ECUST: East China University of Science and Technology)
+ 2 AuthorsGuangsuo Yu22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Ningxia University)
Abstract The conversion characteristics of a single particle with high porosity moving in a high temperature O2/CO2 atmosphere were simulated to complement the particle conversion sub-model. Considering the significant changes in the pore structure of high porosity particles, the effects of the high porosity (0.5–0.9) on conversion process were investigated. According to the experimental studies, two different types of char structures were considered for the particles with different porosity to ...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Fuel5.13
Lin Chen1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TJU: Tianjin University),
Haiqiao Wei24
Estimated H-index: 24
(TJU: Tianjin University)
+ 3 AuthorsChangwen Liu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TJU: Tianjin University)
Abstract Energy crisis and environment pollution have made engines fueled with natural gas getting more and more attention, but practical engines fueled with natural gas often suffer from low engine power output and thermal efficiency. In this study, with addressing the role of late high-pressure injection, engine performance and flame propagation were studied in a high compression-ratio optical engine fueled with methane under lean combustion condition. First, the experiments with different exc...
Published on 2019in Combustion and Flame4.12
Longfei Zhao (USYD: University of Sydney), M. J. Cleary15
Estimated H-index: 15
(USYD: University of Sydney)
+ 1 AuthorsA. Kronenburg21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Stuttgart)
Abstract A two-phase multiple mapping conditioning/large eddy simulation (MMC-LES) model for turbulent flames with solid fuel pyrolysis is derived, numerically implemented and tested. A hybrid approach is used that consists of an Eulerian LES, a stochastic filtered density function method with MMC closure and an inertial Lagrangian fuel particle scheme. A simultaneous interphase heat and mass transfer model with conserved scalar Spalding transfer numbers and localness in mixture fraction space m...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in International Journal of Thermal Sciences3.49
Shabani Nejad Hoda (SBUK: Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman), Seyyed Abdolreza Gandjalikhan Nassab4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SBUK: Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman),
Jahanshahi Javaran Ebrahim (Graduate University of Advanced Technology)
Abstract In the present study, combustion phenomenon and heat transfer in a three-dimensional rectangular porous radiant burner are numerically studied. Methane-air mixture with five-step reaction mechanism is used to model the combustion process inside the porous matrix. Because of the non-local thermal equilibrium between solid and gas phases, separate energy equations for each of them are numerically solved. Besides, the discrete ordinates method is used to solve the radiative transfer equati...