Match!

Agricultural Research and Productivity Growth in India

Published on Dec 1, 1998
Robert E. Evenson40
Estimated H-index: 40
,
Carl E. Pray29
Estimated H-index: 29
,
Mark W. Rosegrant57
Estimated H-index: 57
Sources
Abstract
India's investments in agricultural research, extension, and irrigation have made it one of the largest publicly funded systems in the world. But some policymakers who perceive that the benefits to research may be declining are advocating a cut back on public spending on research. This research report, which examines the effects of research and development on productivity in India, finds that India is still benefiting from these investments. The main sources of agricultural productivity growth in India during 1956–87 were public agricultural research and extension; expansion of irrigated area and rural infrastructure and improvement in human capital were also important contributors. The report also shows that the public benefits from private research can be sub stantial, indicating that private firms capture only part of the real value of improved inputs through higher prices. Private agricultural research accounted for more than 10 per cent of growth of total facto productivity (TFP) during 1956–87, and in 1966–75, when India was more open to foreign technology, private research contributed 22 per cent of productivity gowth. Industrial policy and technology policy, including intellectual property rights policy, will require careful evaluation and reform in order to encourage private investment in agriculture. Even so, Pray and Rosegrant argue that barriers to technology transfer should be removed in order to stimulate technology transfer and growth. Nevertheless, public investment in agricultural research will likely retain its primary role. Contrary to concerns that growth in TFP has decreased over time, the report finds that during 1977–87, the period when the results in regions that adopted high-yielding varieties early on could be expected to taper off, TFP growth was 50 per cent higher than before the Green Revolution and 17 per cent higher than in the early years of the Green Revolution, indicating that gains are far from over. The rates of return to public agricultural research are high, and it appears that the government is under investing in agricultural research. Expanding public investment in research and extension would lead to even greater gains." (Forward by Per Pinstrup-Andersen)
  • References (0)
  • Citations (177)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
213 Citations
12 Citations
408 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References0
Newest
Cited By177
Newest
#1Yashwant Kumar (Amity University)
#2Pravin Kumar Singh (Amity University)
India is an agriculture-dependent country. Agriculture has gone through two major revolutions, the Mechanical revolution, and the Science revolution (often known as Green Revolution). Even then, the system of our agriculture is improper and dotted by corruption. These problems directly affect on our farmers—they lose potential profit and are burdened with debts, leading to suicide, which is counterproductive to our economy, and wastage to our energy resources. This paper introduces a new concept...
1 CitationsSource
#1Sasarose Jaijit (Kasetsart University)H-Index: 1
#2Naraphorn Paoprasert (Kasetsart University)H-Index: 1
Last. Juta Pichitlamken (Kasetsart University)H-Index: 7
view all 3 authors...
Abstract This study explored the economic, social and environmental impact of Thai rice research expenditure (categorized as breeding expenditure, production expenditure and processing expenditure) during 2008–2015, using the simultaneous equation modeling technique. The results showed that production-research expenditure was the most explicit to reduce the amount of nitrogen fertilizer usage, while breeding-research expenditure was the most explicit in terms of increasing farmers’ economic stat...
Source
#1Tulika Bhattacharya (St. Joseph's College, Bangalore)H-Index: 1
#2Meenakshi RajeevH-Index: 7
view all 3 authors...
This paper uses an input–output (I–O) framework, considering five I–O matrices, over the period 1989–90 to 2007–08 to evaluate the total factor productivity growth (TFPG) of different sectors of the Indian economy. The methodology adopted under this framework (Miller and Blair 2009) takes into account not only the contributions of the value-added inputs such as labour and capital but also the contribution of the intermediate inputs to production. Subsequently, we compute forward and backward lin...
Source
Increasing the world’s food supply has depended heavily on increasing agricultural productivity, which in turn depends on investments in research and development (R&D). This article synthesizes findings from more than 40 studies on how R&D investments affect agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) in various parts of the world. The article breaks out the relative contributions to TFP growth of R&D by public institutions, private companies, and the CGIAR (a consortium of international agricu...
11 CitationsSource
#1Megan SheahanH-Index: 10
#2Christopher B. Barrett (Cornell University)H-Index: 73
Conventional wisdom holds that Sub-Saharan African farmers use few modern inputs despite the fact that most poverty-reducing agricultural growth in the region is expected to come largely from expanded use of inputs that embody improved technologies, particularly improved seed, fertilizers and other agro-chemicals, machinery, and irrigation. Yet following several years of high food prices, concerted policy efforts to intensify fertilizer and hybrid seed use, and increased public and private inves...
64 CitationsSource
#1Elumalai Kannan (JNU: Jawaharlal Nehru University)H-Index: 1
#2Ambika Paliwal (IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)H-Index: 1
Last. Adam H. Sparks (University of Southern Queensland)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
This chapter analyzes the spatial and temporal patterns of rice production and productivity in India. Of the 20 agroecological zones, five account for more than 60% of the total rice area and these zones unfortunately house a large number of low-productivity districts. Most of these low-productivity districts fall under the rainfed rice ecosystem that seems to lack appropriate production technologies. Average total factor productivity (TFP) growth for rice was estimated at 3.28% from 1991–92 to ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Alexandros Sarris (UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)H-Index: 5
The process of agricultural transformation is discussed, and the role of agriculture in both growth and poverty reduction is reviewed. The finance needs for agricultural development in low income food insecure countries is discussed, and the public and other official flows to agricultural development reviewed. It is seen that the monetary flows into agriculture have been grossly inadequate, compared to needs. The situation of smallholders is reviewed, and their financing needs are explored. It i...
Source
#1Elumalai Kannan (JNU: Jawaharlal Nehru University)H-Index: 1
The present study analysed the temporal pattern in India’s rice production and sources of productivity growth. The study used data from the cost of cultivation surveys for 10 major rice-producing states for the period 1990/91–2012/13 for analysing the sources of productivity growth. The analysis of growth performance showed that all the states except Tamil Nadu registered positive and relatively high growth in yield during the recent times. However, a higher level of inter-district variation in ...
Source
#1Virender Singh (Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Gyanendra SinghH-Index: 15
Last. Sonia SheoranH-Index: 6
view all 7 authors...
Spot blotch is a major foliar disease of wheat caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana in warm and humid environments of the world including South Asian countries. In India, it has a larger impact in Indo-Gangetic plains of the country. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to phenotype a mapping population at different hot spots of India and to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for resistance to spot blotch in wheat. For this study, 209 single seed descent (SSD) derived F8, F9, F10 recombinant...
6 CitationsSource