Nordic International Business Research. A Review of Its Development

Published on Mar 1, 2000in International Studies of Management and Organization
· DOI :10.1080/00208825.2000.11656780
Ingmar Björkman37
Estimated H-index: 37
Mats Forsgren15
Estimated H-index: 15
AbstractThis article identifies the specific characteristics of Nordic international business research by analyzing how Nordic researchers over time have perceived and conceptualized their research object, “the international firm.” Their perceptions about essential features of the international firm are arguably reflected in their theoretical and empirical work on the internationalization of the firm and the management of the international firm.
  • References (85)
  • Citations (124)
Amjad Hadjikhani1
Estimated H-index: 1
AbstractWhile most international business studies assume the authority of governments over multinational corporations (MNCs), this article adopts an interactional view to study the relationship between MNCs and political actors. Political behavior is understood as an interaction that is embedded in the relationships between MNCs and political decision makers. The question is: how do MNCs behave when they deal with political actors? A model including the factors of interactive behavior, the chara...
34 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 14, 1992
Andrew Sayer29
Estimated H-index: 29
427 Citations
Published on Mar 1, 1999in Journal of International Management 2.30
William G. Egelhoff8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Fordham University)
This article contrasts traditional models of MNE organizational design against newer models, represented by transnationalism and heterarchy. The important characteristics are fundamentally different. Traditional models tend to be models of equilibrium, while the newer models are largely models of change. With the intent of reconciling the two theories, it is argued that the new change-oriented models are most applicable at the micro levels of MNEs, while traditional equilibrium models are more a...
16 Citations Source Cite
Kent Eriksson20
Estimated H-index: 20
Jan Johanson38
Estimated H-index: 38
+ 1 AuthorsD. Deo Sharma17
Estimated H-index: 17
AbstractThis article examines the effect of variation in the geographical scope of international business operations on experiential knowledge development in the internationalization of the firm. Based on learning theory, this article develops five hypotheses on the effects of variation on three interrelated components of international experiential knowledge: internationalization knowledge, business knowledge, and institutional knowledge. LISREL analysis indicates that variation has a positive e...
183 Citations Source Cite
Ulf Holm17
Estimated H-index: 17
Jan Johanson38
Estimated H-index: 38
Peter Thilenius9
Estimated H-index: 9
Competence development in the multinational corporation (MNC) is driven by competition in local industrial clusters, and the operating units engaged in those clusters are critical in the development of the MNC, as Porter, Solvell, and Zander (1990) posit. They assume that the operations of the single, unique subsidiary in relation to its unique industrial setting are critical in the development of the MNC. In this view, competence development is not created by organizational arrangements; rather...
105 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 1990in Journal of International Business Studies 6.20
Brian Toyne11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of South Carolina)
slim, 114-page book addresses some of the most exciting conceptualizations that have emerged in recent years to explain the evolving complexity of multinational enterprise (MNE) behavior. Practical insights are offered in this book and many of the explanations and arguments presented are quite realistic since the author attempts to simultaneously take into account the MNE's economic-, market-, and power-based decisions within a growing complexity of internal and external relationships. The analy...
109 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1973
Henry Mintzberg56
Estimated H-index: 56
1. Introduction. 2. Contemporary Views of the Manager's Job. 3. Some Distinguishing Characteristics of Managerial Work. 4. The Manager's Working Roles. 5. Variations in Managers' Work. 6. Science and the Manager's Job. 7. The Future of Managerial Work. Appendix A: Major Studies of the Manager's Job. Appendix B: Seven Research Methods Used to Study Managerial Work. Appendix C: A Study of the Work of Five Chief Executives.
4,558 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 1981
Jeffrey Pfeffer79
Estimated H-index: 79
3,227 Citations
Published on Jun 3, 1996in Journal of East-west Business
Jan-Erik Vahlne17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Stockholm School of Economics),
Kjell A. Nordström2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Stockholm School of Economics),
Styrbjörn Torbacke1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Stockholm School of Economics)
This paper reports on the findings from the first phase of a larger longitudinal project that focuses on the establishment process of Swedish multinational corporations in Eastern Europe. The first step of identifying and explaining the establishment mode, type of activities intensity and type of control applied in local operations of five of the firms is reported and commented here. The tentative key conclusions at that stage indicate that (1) entry into the region has been sequential and gradu...
10 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1989
Christopher A. Bartlett20
Estimated H-index: 20
Sumantra Ghoshal40
Estimated H-index: 40
The article reviews the book “Managing Across Borders: The Transnational Solution,” by Christopher A. Barlett and Sumantra Ghoshal.
4,009 Citations
  • References (85)
  • Citations (124)
Cited By124
Published on Feb 7, 2013
Maria do Rosário Alves Moreira3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Porto),
Miguel Maia5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Porto)
+ 1 AuthorsRaquel Meneses4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Porto)
Globalization has created countless opportunities for the internationalization of a wide range of services. Recent technological innovations associated with the reduction or elimination of trade barriers, resulted in an exponential expansion of service firms. This paper analyzes the internal and external factors that influence the decision to operate internationally. The hypotheses are empirically examined through a survey sent to 322 firms from the design, architecture and engineering sector. M...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2016in International Business Review 2.75
Daniele Cerrato7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Catholic University of the Sacred Heart),
Lisa Crosato1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Milan),
Donatella Depperu5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)
Building on the recognition of the variety of aspects associated with international expansion, we present a framework for identifying different archetypes of firm internationalization. Our model is based on six indicators: internationalization from the demand side, resources located abroad, geographical scope, international orientation, internationalization of the business network, and financial internationalization. Drawing from data on 63 Italian SMEs, four archetypes of internationalization s...
14 Citations Source Cite
Lynn Childs Michelle1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of North Carolina at Greensboro),
Jin Byoungho1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of North Carolina at Greensboro)
Purpose – Uppsala internationalisation theory is highly utilised due to its simplicity and applicability. However, there are contrasting results on its assumption that firms follow a gradual internationalisation process. Literature shows that firm strategies (e.g. targeting a niche market) and firm resources (e.g. brand image and asset specificity) may decrease barriers of entry. Global fashion retailers possess these characteristics and may not follow a gradual internationalisation pattern. The...
15 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2009
Pieter Pauwels13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Maastricht University),
Paul G. Patterson35
Estimated H-index: 35
+ 1 AuthorsMartin Wetzels41
Estimated H-index: 41
In the present paper, we rely on internationalization process theory and theory of planned behavior to investigate a firm’s propensity to continue internationalization. A structural equation model is developed and largelly confirmed on a sample of 193 international service providers. The findings extend academic insights on international entrepreneurship as they portray and contextualize the role of managerial attitude and its antecedents in the internationalization process of the firm. A firm’s...
8 Citations Source Cite
Abdul-Rashid Abdul-Aziz12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Universiti Sains Malaysia),
Sing‐Sing Wong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Universiti Sains Malaysia)
Purpose – Increasingly, construction companies from developing countries are succeeding in finding a space in the international market. Their progression deserves academic attention. Using Network Theory, this paper seeks to examine the role and extent of business networks in aiding contractors from Malaysia, as one such developing country, to penetrate foreign markets.Design/methodology/approach – The research adopted the mixed method approach. A postal questionnaire survey, complemented with d...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 11, 2014in E & M Ekonomie A Management 1.31
Kubíčková Lea1
Estimated H-index: 1
Procházková Lenka1
Estimated H-index: 1
In context of discussionsabout the Czech foreign trade development, questions of the Czech enterprises’ability to participate in the internationalization processare often considered. The main aim of this article is to present various points of view on the globalization and enterprise internationalization processwith a special accent on the analysis of the specifics in the internationalization process of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Those enterprises represent a significant part of...
4 Citations Source Cite
Syed Zamberi Ahmad13
Estimated H-index: 13
(College of Business Administration)
Purpose – Given the importance of understanding the dynamics of the internationalisation and expansion process, it is surprising that – in reviewing the extensive literature – that little attention has been paid to service organisations. This paper attempts to shed light on business strategies and the international entry modes of the services sector in general, and the area of banking which form a significant and substantive proportion of global trade. Therefore, this paper aims to address this ...
7 Citations Source Cite
Mai Thi Thanh Thai7
Estimated H-index: 7
(HEC Montréal),
Li Choy Chong5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of St. Gallen)
This paper presents a model of dynamic experimental internationalization which we developed by employing Straussian Grounded Theory to explain how and why small- and medium-sized enterprises in a transitional economy (Vietnam) internationalize. Unlike other knowledge-based internationalization models, our model proposes that the internationalization process of these firms is largely influenced by their current experience rather than past experience because of frequent shifts in the institutional...
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 17, 2010in European Business Review
Mohamed Amal6
Estimated H-index: 6
Alexandre Rocha Freitag Filho1
Estimated H-index: 1
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the determinants of the internationalization of small‐ and medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs). More specifically, it is to test the effects of entrepreneurship and networking relationship on the internationalization pattern of SMEs from an emerging economy, Brazil.Design/methodology/approach – The study was designed to be qualitative, using a sample of three companies from the manufacturing industries, with significant involvement in foreign markets...
50 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2009in Entrepreneurship and Regional Development 2.79
Angela da Rocha14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Federal University of Rio de Janeiro),
Beatriz Kury1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Federal University of Rio de Janeiro),
Joana Monteiro1
Estimated H-index: 1
The present research aimed at understanding the process by which firms in a cluster start to export based on systemic interactions, and the process of diffusion of exporting as a business strategy within the cluster. Diffusion was defined, following Rogers’ (1995: 5) seminal work, as ‘the process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system’. The research method used was industry case studies and the unit of analysis selected was ...
15 Citations Source Cite