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Nordic International Business Research. A Review of Its Development

Published on Mar 1, 2000in International Studies of Management and Organization
· DOI :10.1080/00208825.2000.11656780
Ingmar Björkman38
Estimated H-index: 38
Mats Forsgren26
Estimated H-index: 26
AbstractThis article identifies the specific characteristics of Nordic international business research by analyzing how Nordic researchers over time have perceived and conceptualized their research object, “the international firm.” Their perceptions about essential features of the international firm are arguably reflected in their theoretical and empirical work on the internationalization of the firm and the management of the international firm.
  • References (85)
  • Citations (126)
Kent Eriksson21
Estimated H-index: 21
Jan Johanson47
Estimated H-index: 47
+ 1 AuthorsD. Deo Sharma21
Estimated H-index: 21
AbstractThis article examines the effect of variation in the geographical scope of international business operations on experiential knowledge development in the internationalization of the firm. Based on learning theory, this article develops five hypotheses on the effects of variation on three interrelated components of international experiential knowledge: internationalization knowledge, business knowledge, and institutional knowledge. LISREL analysis indicates that variation has a positive e...
183 Citations Source Cite
Svante Andersson19
Estimated H-index: 19
There are 2 dominant views in international business research: the economic and the process view. In this study it is shown that these views give some insight into the complex phenomenon of the int ...
315 Citations Source Cite
Bent Petersen26
Estimated H-index: 26
Gabriel R.G. Benito24
Estimated H-index: 24
Torben Pedersen45
Estimated H-index: 45
AbstractWhat factors impel exporters to replace a foreign intermediary (i.e., agents or distributors), and what factors impede such actions? Dissatisfaction with the current intermediary is the explanation typically given for why intermediaries are replaced, but other factors may also influence the likelihood of such a change. Using longitudinal data from a sample of Danish exporters, we apply logistic regression analysis to model the impact of a number of factors. Our data show that dissatisfac...
22 Citations Source Cite
Amjad Hadjikhani1
Estimated H-index: 1
AbstractWhile most international business studies assume the authority of governments over multinational corporations (MNCs), this article adopts an interactional view to study the relationship between MNCs and political actors. Political behavior is understood as an interaction that is embedded in the relationships between MNCs and political decision makers. The question is: how do MNCs behave when they deal with political actors? A model including the factors of interactive behavior, the chara...
34 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 1999in International Business Review 3.64
Mats Forsgren8
Estimated H-index: 8
(CBS: Copenhagen Business School),
Torben Pedersen45
Estimated H-index: 45
(CBS: Copenhagen Business School),
Nicolai J. Foss72
Estimated H-index: 72
(CBS: Copenhagen Business School)
This paper links up with recent work on the role of subsidiaries in multinational corporations as well as with recent work in the strategy and business network literature. We discuss the sources of organizational strengths of subsidiaries in the larger multinational corporation, and argue that organizational strength can to some extent be proxied by strength in the market place. Based on analysis of data on foreign-owned production firms in Denmark, we test three hypotheses: 1) that internal fac...
65 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1999in Journal of International Management 2.83
William G. Egelhoff11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Fordham University)
This article contrasts traditional models of MNE organizational design against newer models, represented by transnationalism and heterarchy. The important characteristics are fundamentally different. Traditional models tend to be models of equilibrium, while the newer models are largely models of change. With the intent of reconciling the two theories, it is argued that the new change-oriented models are most applicable at the micro levels of MNEs, while traditional equilibrium models are more a...
16 Citations Source Cite
Evan Gilbert1
Estimated H-index: 1
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1997in Management International Review 2.69
Amjad Hadjikhani14
Estimated H-index: 14
The internationalization process model introduced three decades ago still influences international business studies. Since that time, a growing number of researchers have tested the model to show its strengths and weaknesses. Among the critics, some focus on the weakness of the theoretical aspects, while others argue against parts of the model. This paper will review these criticisms and compare them with the original ideas in the internationalization model. One criticized aspect of the internat...
135 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1997in Strategic Management Journal 5.57
Anoop Madhok25
Estimated H-index: 25
(UofU: University of Utah)
This paper compares and contrasts the mode of foreign market entry decision from the transaction cost/internalization and organizational capability perspectives. Each of these perspectives operates at a different level of analysis, respectively the transaction and the firm, and consequently differs in the primary arena of attention, namely transaction characteristics and the capabilities of firms. In making the comparison, a key distinction is made between the cost and the value aspects in the m...
805 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 1996in International Business Review 3.64
Ulf Andersson32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Uppsala University),
Mats Forsgren8
Estimated H-index: 8
(CBS: Copenhagen Business School)
A subsidiary of a multinational corporation (MNC) is embedded in a network of specific business relationships. It is argued that the degree of subsidiary embeddedness is a function of the adaptation between the subsidiary and direct and indirect counterparts of these relationships. The paper hypothesizes that the higher the degree of embeddedness, the greater the likelihood of counterparts influencing the subsidiary's behaviour. This influence competes with headquarter's desire to exercise contr...
271 Citations Source Cite
Cited By126
Published on Jun 28, 2019in Social Responsibility Journal
Som Sekhar Bhattacharyya6
Estimated H-index: 6
(National Institute of Industrial Engineering)
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework on international corporate social responsibility (ICSR). This ICSR framework would help portray the nature and process of internationalization of CSR activities of a firm. Further, this review paper presents a typology on the internationalization of corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities of a firm. Design/methodology/approach In this conceptual review paper, the author based upon inputs from a diverse set of the extant literat...
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Published on May 4, 2019in Business Research
Björn Röber1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Stuttgart),
Björn Röber
The Uppsala model is commonly considered to be the pivotal approach in internationalization process research and often praised as particularly realistic. Yet at least implicitly and partially, it is also built on the assumption of rationally proceeding decision makers. This article challenges the behavioral assumptions of the Uppsala model and examines whether bounded rationality in the form of escalation of commitment has an influence on internationalization decisions. It demonstrates that this...
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Published on Jan 1, 2019
Ping Zhou (City University of Macau), Tim Wong (City University of Macau)
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Published on Jun 1, 2018in Management International Review 2.69
Douglas Dow15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Melbourne Business School),
Peter W. Liesch23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Lawrence S. Welch18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Melbourne Business School)
The Uppsala Internationalization Process Model is the most cited model within the field of international business. However, even with its most recent formulation, the model is predicated on a key set of assumptions about the limiting and releasing mechanisms in a ‘change of state’ decision. The model assumes that uncertainty, risk, lack of trust, and lack of awareness of opportunities are the main constraints, and that the accumulation of experiential knowledge, trust, and market commitment are ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Svante Andersson19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Halmstad University),
Gliga Gliga1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National University of Ireland, Galway),
Natasha Evers10
Estimated H-index: 10
(National University of Ireland, Galway)
Purpose This study aims to explore the entrepreneurial marketing (EM) behaviour of Swedish born globals entering the Chinese market through their international networks. Drawing from the network theory of small firm internationalisation, this study is positioned in the domain of EM, and thus captures the relevance of EM behaviour to explain how born globals internationalise through their networks. Design/methodology/approach A qualitative case study approach of two Swedish born global companies ...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2018
Björn Röber1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Stuttgart)
Judgment and decision-making plays a significant role for the internationalization of firms. This concerns—first and foremost—two issues, which have been fittingly summarized by Peter Buckley and colleagues: Where should the international activity be located and how should it be controlled? Decisions concerning location choice as well as market entry mode have a defining influence on the success or the failure of the international venture. Hence, it is no exaggeration to argue that judgment and ...
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Published on Jan 1, 2018
António Carrizo-Moreira8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Aveiro),
Pedro Miguel Silva3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Aveiro)
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Published on Dec 1, 2016in Scandinavian Journal of Management 1.42
Svante Schriber2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract Strategy research occupies a central position in business studies, but despite its global reach mainly has been considered as geographically homogenous. This paper aims to contribute to a better and more nuanced understanding of the strategy field by assessing Nordic contributions to the international strategy field. Using a bibliometric approach it shows that the Nordics holds an increasingly strong position in international strategy research but also identifies differences. Denmark is...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 24, 2016
Franciani Fernandes Galvão , Thiago A. Beuron (UFPR: Federal University of Paraná)
Este estudo buscou evidenciar as pesquisas sobre a Internacionalizacao das Micro e Pequenas Empresas no Brasil. Por meio de pesquisa descritiva, aplicando a coleta de dados bibliografica com perspectiva temporal de analise longitudinal, contemplando 10 anos de estudos, entre 2001 e 2011 e utilizando de Meta-Analise Qualitativa como mecanismo de investigacao e analise de conteudo. As variaveis pesquisadas foram os pesquisadores da area, as instituicoes de ensino superior, eventos e periodicos que...