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The Culture of National Security

Published on Jan 1, 2013
Peter J. Katzenstein38
Estimated H-index: 38
Abstract
It is always risky to pronounce a verdict of death on ideas, even after an extended period of apparent lifelessness, but I predict that we have seen the last of the "sociologists" in political science. . . . What has happened is that others too have penetrated the characteristically sloppy logic and flabby prose to discover the deeper problems of circularity and vacuousness inherent in the approach.
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Published on Jan 1, 2019
Victor Teo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(HKU: University of Hong Kong),
Victor Teo
This chapter provides an overall introduction to the book by highlighting the main research problematic of Japan’s normalization and rejuvenation against the backdrop of security challenges faced by Japan today. The chapter first provides a conceptual survey of the literature on Japanese foreign policy, highlights the political paradoxes and dilemmas that Japan has faced through the decades since the end of the Pacific War, and demonstrates that even though circumstances and the environment have...
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Victor Teo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(HKU: University of Hong Kong)
This chapter provides a philosophical and historical context towards the understanding of how Japan has always strove to remain a nation-state par excellence in the tempestuous international relations of the region. Illustrating how the contradictory values of egalitarianism and quest for excellence are deeply engrained in Japanese thinking since late fifteenth century, the chapter outlines how these norms influence the strategy Japan has used in her historical international relations, particula...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Journal of Conflict Resolution2.47
Sarah E. Kreps12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Cornell University),
Sarah Maxey1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Cornell University)
Humanitarian interventions (HIs) are a common aspect of US foreign policy. Policy makers acknowledge the importance of public support for interventions, but scholars remain divided about the extent and basis of that support. Using a series of survey experiments, we evaluate attitudes about HIs, assess whether the public supports these interventions for instrumental or moral reasons, and test which aspects of morality are most salient. The findings indicate that interventions addressing humanitar...
Hannes Hansen-Magnusson3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Cardiff University),
Antje Vetterlein6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CBS: Copenhagen Business School),
Antje Wiener21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Cambridge)
How do we account for norm (non-)compliance in complex situations of global governance? Instead of emphasising power and diverging interests, this research note develops an innovative framework by arguing for a need to account for the social foundation of norms and the processes of norm contestation among relevant stakeholders. It comprises three crucial elements: first, the relevant stakeholders that form around specific policies; second, the types of knowledge about the policy object at stake;...
Published on Mar 1, 2018in International Politics0.69
Jong Kun Choi (Yonsei University), Yong Soo Eun (Hanyang University)
This article explores the conditions under which territorial disputes are likely to lead to major armed conflicts and considers mechanisms through which territorial disputes can be resolved. In doing so, it attempts to discover the insights and suggestions that the competing major IR theories, namely neorealism, neoliberalism, and conventional constructivism, can offer. Several pathways through which to address territorial disputes are provided from the perspectives of these IR theories. In addi...
Published on Mar 1, 2018in International Politics0.69
Paolo Rosa3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Trento)
The international relations literature has not produced a systematic typology of the different models of strategic cultures. This study aims to close this gap and contribute to the development and refinement of the concept of strategic culture by elaborating a typology that is based on current studies and researches. The typology is employed to analyse the strategic culture of the Italian political elite in the twenty-first century. Using an empirical analysis of the belief systems of the Italia...
Published on Jan 2, 2018in Journal of Baltic Studies0.66
Toms Rostoks1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National Defence Academy)
ABSTRACTThere is much disagreement on the specific aspects of behavior that are the most useful for estimating intentions of potential adversaries. One view is that military capabilities are the most useful. Alternative views consider that an adversary’s domestic politics, or symbolic-normative aspects of its behavior, contain valuable information for assessing its intentions. This article tests these three competing views on Latvia as a case study, based on in-depth interviews with 10 high-rank...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in International Security4.50
Lise Morjé Howard5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Lise Morjé Howard , Alexandra Stark1
Estimated H-index: 1
Historically, civil wars ended in one-sided victory. With the end of the Cold War, however, the very nature of how civil wars end shifted: wars became two times more likely to terminate in negotiat...