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The Place of Solidarity in Public Health Ethics

Published on Jun 1, 2012in Public health reviews
· DOI :10.1007/BF03391656
Angus Dawson17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Birmingham),
Bruce Jennings26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Center for Humans and Nature)
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Abstract
When we consider the literature that has been produced exploring approaches to public health ethics, it is rare to find any mention of solidarity. One obvious conclusion is that solidarity is a meaningless or superfluous consideration. We suggest that this is not the right conclusion to draw, and that we must first understand what solidarity is and then consider what difference it might make to thinking about issues in public health ethics. In this paper we, first, outline some of the existing approaches to public health ethics and suggest that they often involve a set of questionable assumptions about the nature of social relations as well as a clear commitment to particular values. A failure of imagination in relation to solidarity is not, however, an argument against taking the concept seriously. Second, we propose a particular account of solidarity, suggest reasons why it is important for thinking about ethical issues in public health, and suggest how it relates to other relevant values. We argue that it is essential to engage with the issue of where we ought to place solidarity within our debates and frameworks for public health ethics.
  • References (13)
  • Citations (36)
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References13
Newest
Published on Dec 15, 2011
John Coggon9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Southampton)
John Coggon argues that the important question for analysts in the fields of public health law and ethics is 'what makes health public?' He offers a conceptual and analytic scrutiny of the salient issues raised by this question, outlines the concepts entailed in, or denoted by, the term 'public health' and argues why and how normative analyses in public health are inquiries in political theory. The arguments expose and explain the political claims inherent in key works in public health ethics. C...
17 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 2011
Angus Dawson17
Estimated H-index: 17
Preface Introduction Angus Dawson Part I. Concepts: 1. Resetting the parameters: public health as the foundation for public health ethics Angus Dawson 2. Health, disease and the goal of public health Bengt Brulde 3. Selective reproduction, eugenics and public health Stephen Wilkinson 4. Risk and precaution Stephen John Part II. Issues: 5. Smoking, health and ethics Richard Ashcroft 6. Infectious disease control Marcel Verweij 7. Population screening Ainsley Newson 8. Vaccination ethics Angus Daw...
21 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2011
Barbara Prainsack23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Alena Buyx15
Estimated H-index: 15
68 Citations
Published on Aug 1, 2009in International Journal of Epidemiology 7.34
Ishani Kar-Purkayastha1
Estimated H-index: 1
238 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2008in Public Health Ethics 1.31
Angus Dawson17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
Marcel Verweij16
Estimated H-index: 16
27 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2008
Rosemarie Tong2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
This chapter describes the process of shaping ethical guidelines for an influenza pandemic by the North Carolina Institute of Medicine (NC IOM)/North Carolina Department of Public Health (NCDPH) Task Force. The author discusses the threat of a pandemic in the twenty-first century, comparing a potential pandemic with past flu pandemics as well as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in Canada and parts of Asia. Also discussed are the ways in which influenza would spread, be treat...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2008
Michael Boylan1
Estimated H-index: 1
Introduction: 'International Public Health: Morality, Politics, Poverty, War, Disease' Part One: Morality and Politics Muireann Quigley and John Harris, 'Personal or Public Health' Kristen Hessler, 'Exploring the Philosophical Foundations of the Human Rights Approach to Public Health Ethics' Deryck Beyleveld and Shaun Pattinson, 'Moral Interests, Privacy, and Medical Research' Wanda Teays, 'Torture and Public Health' Laura Purdy, 'Exporting the Culture of Life' Part Two: Money and Poverty Norman...
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 25, 2006
Madison Powers9
Estimated H-index: 9
(DePaul University),
Ruth R. Faden47
Estimated H-index: 47
(DePaul University)
CHAPTER 1: THE JOB OF JUSTICE 1.1 Which Inequalities Matter Most 1.2 Justice and Well-Being 1.3 Justice, Sufficiency, and Systematic Disadvantage 1.4 Foundations of Public Health 1.5 Medical Care and Insurance Markets 1.6 Setting Priorities 1.7 Justice, Democracy, and Social Values CHAPTER 2 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Essential Dimensions of Well-Being 2.3 A Moderate Essentialism 2.4 Well-Being and Nonideal Theory 2.5 The Main Alternatives 2.6 Capabilities, Functioning, and Well-Being 2.7 Relativism, ...
294 Citations
Published on Oct 1, 2003in Journal of Medical Ethics 2.19
Raanan Gillon18
Estimated H-index: 18
It is hypothesised and argued that “the four principles of medical ethics” can explain and justify, alone or in combination, all the substantive and universalisable claims of medical ethics and probably of ethics more generally. A request is renewed for falsification of this hypothesis showing reason to reject any one of the principles or to require any additional principle(s) that can’t be explained by one or some combination of the four principles. This approach is argued to be compatible with...
283 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2002in Journal of Law Medicine & Ethics 0.73
James F. Childress17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UVA: University of Virginia),
Ruth R. Faden47
Estimated H-index: 47
(Johns Hopkins University)
+ 7 AuthorsPhillip Nieburg19
Estimated H-index: 19
(CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Public health ethics, like the field of public health it addresses, traditionally has focused more on practice and particular cases than on theory, with the result that some concepts, methods, and boundaries remain largely undefined. This paper attempts to provide a rough conceptual map of the terrain of public health ethics.Public health ethics, like the field of public health it addresses, traditionally has focused more on practice and particular cases than on theory, with the result that some...
447 Citations Source Cite
Cited By36
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Published on May 23, 2019in Journal of Medical Internet Research 4.95
Lester Darryl Geneviève1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Andrea Martani + 9 AuthorsPaul Lukowicz42
Estimated H-index: 42
Advances in information technology are changing public health at an unprecedented rate. Participatory surveillance systems are contributing to public health by actively engaging digital (eg, Web-based) communities of volunteer citizens to report symptoms and other pertinent information on public health threats and also by empowering individuals to promptly respond to them. However, this digital model raises ethical issues on top of those inherent in traditional forms of public health surveillanc...
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Published on Mar 1, 2019in Nursing Ethics 1.96
Vicky Thornton (University of Liverpool)
In 2015, Wales introduced a deemed consent: soft opt-out system for organ procurement in order to address the chronic shortage of organs for transplant. Early statistical evidence suggests that this has had a positive impact on cadaveric organ donation. Such a system for procurement has previously been dismissed by the Organ Donation Taskforce, who suggested that opting out could potentially undermine the concept of donated organs as gifts and this could then negatively impact the number of orga...
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Published on Feb 1, 2019in Ethical Theory and Moral Practice
Anthony Wrigley8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Keele University)
Hope takes on a particularly important role in end of life situations. Sustaining hope can have considerable benefits for the quality of life and any prospect of a good death for the dying. However, it has proved difficult to adequately account for hope when dying, particularly in some of the more extreme end of life situations. Standard secular accounts of hope struggle to establish how the fostering of hope may be possible in such situations. This leads to a practical ethical dilemma for those...
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Published on Oct 1, 2018in Advances in Health Sciences Education 2.76
William Ventres10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of El Salvador),
Charles Boelen5
Estimated H-index: 5
(WHO: World Health Organization),
Cynthia Haq12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Within health professional education around the world, there exists a growing awareness of the professional duty to be socially responsible, being attentive to the needs of all members of communities, regions, and nations, especially those who disproportionately suffer from the adverse influence of social determinants. However, much work still remains to progress beyond such good intentions. Moving from contemplation to action means embracing social accountability as a key guiding principle for ...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2018in Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
V. Thornton (RMIT: RMIT University)
Summary Globally, the two most common systems for managing organ procurement are opt-in and opt-out. Within the United Kingdom, organ procurement in England, Scotland and Northern Ireland is managed via an opt-in system. The United States also practises an opt-in system; individuals can express their intentions to donate by enrolling on a national or state registry and/or signifying their wishes on a driver's license. In 2015, Wales introduced a deemed consent: soft opt-out system for organ proc...
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Published on Apr 1, 2018in Public Health Ethics 1.31
Zohar Lederman6
Estimated H-index: 6
(NUS: National University of Singapore),
Emily Shepp (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago), Shmuel Lederman2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Open University of Israel)
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Published on Jan 2, 2018in Global Public Health 1.94
Martin Holmberg3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Uppsala University),
Britta Lundgren3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Umeå University)
Framing has previously been studied in the field of pandemic preparedness and global health governance and influenza pandemics have usually been framed in terms of security and evidence-based medicine on a global scale. This paper is based on the pandemic preparedness plans, published after 2009, from eight European countries. We study how pandemic preparedness is framed and how pandemic influenza in general is narrated in the plans. All plans contain references to ‘uncertainty’, ‘pandemic phase...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
L.M. Lee (WRAIR: Walter Reed Army Institute of Research)
Summary Public health cannot function without public trust, and public trust is largely dependent on the public health work force's ability to demonstrate ethical competence. Public health ethics is defined as both our moral governance – the values that motivate our work – and a decision-making framework to help guide complex ethical decisions we face in our practice. While there is no master list of values or recipe for public health ethics, there is agreement that public health ethics comprise...
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David R. Buchanan19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst),
Aline Gubrium11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)
+ 1 AuthorsHenry Douglas1
Estimated H-index: 1
ABSTRACTPurpose: There is a dearth of effective, evidence-based programs to reduce chronic disease in low-income African-American men. We report on the results of formative research in the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded MOCHA Moving Forward project on factors identified by the participants to drive health disparities.Methods: Based on individual interviews with 42 middle-aged (40–65 years), low-income African-American men, three themes emerged.Results: First, the results indicate a h...
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Published on Sep 2, 2017in American Journal of Bioethics 5.79
Lisa M. Lee1
Estimated H-index: 1
Contemporary biomedical ethics and environmental ethics share a common ancestry in Aldo Leopold's and Van Rensselaer Potter's initial broad visions of a connected biosphere. Over the past five decades, the two fields have become strangers. Public health ethics, a new subfield of bioethics, emerged from the belly of contemporary biomedical ethics and has evolved over the past 25 years. It has moved from its traditional concern with the tension between individual autonomy and community health to a...
23 Citations Source Cite