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ROLE OF REGULAR EXERCISE IN THE TREATMENT OF ABDOMINAL OBESITY IN ADOLESCENT BOYS

Published on Sep 20, 2010
Yoon-Myung Kim1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
BACKGROUD: Abdominal obesity is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and insulin resistance. Currently, the role of regular exercise alone in the treatment of abdominal obesity is unknown in adolescent boys.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a 3-month regular exercise alone without calorie restriction on total and abdominal adiposity in overweight adolescent boys. More specifically, the effects of different types of exercise training (aerobic vs. resistance exercise) on total fat, and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (ASAT) were compared.STUDY DESIGN & METHODS: Thirty overweight adolescent boys (BMI ≥ 95th percentile, 12-18 years, Tanner stage III-V) were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups: aerobic training (AE, n = 10, 60 min/session, 3 days/week), resistance training (RE, n = 13, 60 min/session, 3 days/week) and no-exercise control group (n = 7). Outcome measurements included waist circumference (WC), total body fat, abdominal AT (VAT and ASAT), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular strength.RESULTS: Body weight and BMI did not change in both exercise groups (P > 0.1), but significantly (P 30% and 43-50%, respectively) compared with the AE and control groups.CONCLUSIONS: Regular exercise without calorie restriction, independent of exercise modality, is associated with significant reductions in total and abdominal adiposity and improvements in CRF and muscular strength in previously sedentary overweight adolescent boys.
  • References (173)
  • Citations (2)
References173
Newest
Published on Feb 1, 2010in Obesity 3.97
Gert Jan Van Der Heijden2
Estimated H-index: 2
(BCM: Baylor College of Medicine),
Zhiyue J. Wang32
Estimated H-index: 32
+ 4 AuthorsAgneta L. Sunehag24
Estimated H-index: 24
(BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)
The rise in obesity-related morbidity in children and adolescents requires urgent prevention and treatment strategies. Currently, only limited data are available on the effects of exercise programs on insulin resistance, and visceral, hepatic, and intramyocellular fat accumulation. We hypothesized that a 12-week controlled aerobic exercise program without weight loss reduces visceral, hepatic, and intramyocellular fat content and decreases insulin resistance in sedentary Hispanic adolescents. Tw...
Published on Aug 1, 2009in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 3.02
Avery D. Faigenbaum48
Estimated H-index: 48
,
William J. Kraemer97
Estimated H-index: 97
+ 4 AuthorsThomas W. Rowland39
Estimated H-index: 39
Current recommendations suggest that school-aged youth should participate daily in 60 minutes or more of moderate to vigorous physical activity that is developmentally appropriate and enjoyable and involves a variety of activities (219). Not only is regular physical activity essential for normal growth and development, but also a physically active lifestyle during the pediatric years may help to reduce the risk of developing some chronic diseases later in life (196). In addition to aerobic activ...
Published on Jul 1, 2009in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 4.48
Jostein Steene-Johannessen21
Estimated H-index: 21
,
Sigmund A. Anderssen48
Estimated H-index: 48
+ 1 AuthorsLars Bo Andersen62
Estimated H-index: 62
ABSTRACTSTEENE-JOHANNESSEN, J., S. A. ANDERSSEN, E. KOLLE, and L. B. ANDERSEN. Low Muscle Fitness Is Associated withMetabolic Risk in Youth. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 41, No. 7, pp. 1361–1367, 2009. Purpose: To examine the independentassociations of muscle fitness and cardiorespiratory fitness with clustered metabolic risk in youth. Methods: In 2005–2006, a cohort of9- and 15-yr-olds (N = 2818) was randomly selected from all regions of Norway. The participation rate was 89% and 74% amongthe ...
Published on May 1, 2009in Epidemiology 4.72
John H. Page17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
Kathryn M. Rexrode72
Estimated H-index: 72
+ 3 AuthorsJoAnn E. Manson231
Estimated H-index: 231
Background: It is not yet established what specific measures of obesity might be most strongly associated with risk of coronary artery disease. We compared the waist-height ratio to waist-hip ratio, waist circumference, and body mass index as predictors of subsequent coronary heart disease (CHD) in a group of predominantly postmenopausal women. Methods: The data come from the prospective Nurses' Health Study cohort. We included 45,563 women in 1986 who were aged 40-65 years and were free of hear...
Published on Jan 1, 2009in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 3.02
Michael R. McGuigan39
Estimated H-index: 39
,
Melissa Tatasciore1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsSimone Pettigrew23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an 8-week resistance training program on children who were overweight or obese. Forty-eight children (n = 26 girls and 22 boys; mean age = 9.7 years) participated in an 8-week undulating periodized resistance training program for 3 d·wk-1. Measures of body composition via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, anthropometry, strength, and power were made before and after the training intervention. There was a significant decrease in absolute ...
Published on Jul 1, 2008in Obesity Reviews 8.19
Robert Ross47
Estimated H-index: 47
(Queen's University),
Tina Landsvig Berentzen16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Copenhagen University Hospital)
+ 8 AuthorsThorkild I. A. Sørensen77
Estimated H-index: 77
(Copenhagen University Hospital)
There is currently no consensus regarding the optimal protocol for measurement of waist circumference (WC), and no scientific rationale is provided for any of the WC protocols recommended by leading health authorities. A panel of experts conducted a systematic review of 120 studies (236 samples) to determine whether measurement protocol influenced the relationship of WC with morbidity of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes and with mortality from all causes and from CVD. Statistically sign...
Published on Jun 1, 2008in International Journal of Obesity 4.51
Amanda C. Benson13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Margaret Torode7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
M. A. Fiatarone Singh7
Estimated H-index: 7
The effect of high-intensity progressive resistance training on adiposity in children: a randomized controlled trial
Published on Jun 1, 2008in International Journal of Obesity 4.51
Sarah P. Garnett31
Estimated H-index: 31
,
Louise A. Baur66
Estimated H-index: 66
,
Christopher T. Cowell53
Estimated H-index: 53
Waist-to-height ratio: a simple option for determining excess central adiposity in young people
Published on May 28, 2008in JAMA 51.27
Cynthia L. Ogden7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention),
Margaret D. Carroll54
Estimated H-index: 54
,
Katherine M. Flegal83
Estimated H-index: 83
This study aims to estimate the prevalence of 3 measures of high body mass index (BMI) for age and to examine recent trends for US children and adolescents using national data with measured heights and weights. Height and weight measurements were obtained from 8165 children and adolescents as part of the 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), nationally representative surveys of the US civilian, noninstitutionalized population. The main outcome measure...
Published on May 1, 2008in JAMA Pediatrics 12.00
Catriona Syme13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Michal Abrahamowicz68
Estimated H-index: 68
+ 10 AuthorsY. Xiao13
Estimated H-index: 13
Objective To investigate the association between intra-abdominal adiposity and individual components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in adolescent males and females. Design Cross-sectional study of a population-based cohort. Setting Saguenay Youth Study, Quebec, Canada. Participants A total of 324 adolescents, aged 12 to 18 years. Intervention Measures were compared between males and females with “high” or “low” intra-abdominal fat (IAF). Main Outcome Measures Intra-abdominal fat was quantified w...
Cited By2
Newest
Published on Oct 1, 2014in British Journal of Sports Medicine 11.64
Natasha Schranz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UniSA: University of South Australia),
Grant R. Tomkinson20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UniSA: University of South Australia)
+ 2 AuthorsTim Olds48
Estimated H-index: 48
(UniSA: University of South Australia)
Background/aim Resistance training is an exercise modality at which overweight and obese adolescents can excel and which can therefore positively affect their psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a 6-month resistance training intervention on the self-concept strength and body composition of overweight and obese adolescent males. Methods 56 overweight and obese males aged 13–17 years were randomly allocated to an Intervention (n=30) or Control (n=26) grou...
Published on Sep 1, 2013in Sports Medicine 7.58
Natasha Schranz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UniSA: University of South Australia),
Grant R. Tomkinson20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UniSA: University of South Australia),
Tim Olds48
Estimated H-index: 48
(UniSA: University of South Australia)
Background Overweight and obese children and adolescents face many physical and psychosocial hardships. Resistance training is a modality of exercise which allows this at-risk group to excel and therefore has the potential to positively affect not only their physical but also psychosocial health.