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ROLE OF REGULAR EXERCISE IN THE TREATMENT OF ABDOMINAL OBESITY IN ADOLESCENT BOYS
Published on Sep 20, 2010
Yoon-Myung Kim1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
BACKGROUD: Abdominal obesity is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and insulin resistance. Currently, the role of regular exercise alone in the treatment of abdominal obesity is unknown in adolescent boys.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a 3-month regular exercise alone without calorie restriction on total and abdominal adiposity in overweight adolescent boys. More specifically, the effects of different types of exercise training (aerobic vs. resistance exercise) on total fat, and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (ASAT) were compared.STUDY DESIGN & METHODS: Thirty overweight adolescent boys (BMI ≥ 95th percentile, 12-18 years, Tanner stage III-V) were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups: aerobic training (AE, n = 10, 60 min/session, 3 days/week), resistance training (RE, n = 13, 60 min/session, 3 days/week) and no-exercise control group (n = 7). Outcome measurements included waist circumference (WC), total body fat, abdominal AT (VAT and ASAT), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular strength.RESULTS: Body weight and BMI did not change in both exercise groups (P > 0.1), but significantly (P 30% and 43-50%, respectively) compared with the AE and control groups.CONCLUSIONS: Regular exercise without calorie restriction, independent of exercise modality, is associated with significant reductions in total and abdominal adiposity and improvements in CRF and muscular strength in previously sedentary overweight adolescent boys.
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References174
Published on Jul 1, 2002in International Journal of Obesity 5.16
Park Yw1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Steven B. Heymsfield62
Estimated H-index: 62
,
Dympna Gallagher61
Estimated H-index: 61
Are dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry regional estimates associated with visceral adipose tissue mass?
160 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2005in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 4.29
Gabriel Q. Shaibi23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Southern California),
Martha L. Cruz21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Southern California)
+ 4 AuthorsMichael I. Goran84
Estimated H-index: 84
(University of Southern California)
Purpose: To determine whether cardiovascular fitness (VO 2max ) is associated with the metabolic syndrome and its individual features in overweight Latino youths. Methods: A total of 163 overweight Latino boys and girls (body mass index (BMI) percentile = 97.0 ± 3.1; age = 11.2 ± 1.7 yr) with a family history of Type 2 diabetes participated in this investigation. The metabolic syndrome was defined as having three or more of the following risk factors: abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, low ...
66 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2002
Robert J. Kuczmarski15
Estimated H-index: 15
,
Cynthia L. Ogden6
Estimated H-index: 6
+ 7 AuthorsClifford L. Johnson48
Estimated H-index: 48
3,590 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 1919
J. Arthur Harris1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Francis G. Benedict17
Estimated H-index: 17
1,310 Citations
Published on Feb 1, 1993in Journal of Nutrition 4.40
Steven B. Heymsfield80
Estimated H-index: 80
(Columbia University),
ZiMian Wang38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Columbia University)
+ 3 AuthorsSeiichi Yasumura17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Brookhaven National Laboratory)
Human body composition can be organized into five levels; atomic, molecular, cellular, tissue-system and whole body. Six elements (carbon, nitrogen, calcium, potassium, sodium and chlorine) can be directly measured in vivo at the atomic level using three neutron-activation systems at Brookhaven National Laboratory. When combined with an estimate of total body water, the six elements can be used to quantify the major chemical components at molecular level. In the present report, we first describe...
32 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2006
Cynthia L. Ogden6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Margaret D. Carroll47
Estimated H-index: 47
+ 3 AuthorsKatherine M. Flegal10
Estimated H-index: 10
4,560 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 2006in Ethnicity & Disease 1.05
Ike S. Okosun14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
John M. Boltri5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 1 AuthorsValerie A. Hepburn1
Estimated H-index: 1
Objective: To determine the prevalence and trends of abdominal obesity from 1988–1994 to 1999–2002 in American White, Black, and Hispanic youths. Methods: Data (N55020) from the 1988– 1994 and 1999–2002 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were used for this analysis. Abdominal obesity was defined as sex-specific values $95th percentile for waist circumference. Prevalence of abdominal obesity was compared across study periods, race/ ethnicity, socioeconomic status (SES), and age ...
29 Citations
Published on Nov 1, 1994in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 6.55
Kenneth J. Ellis47
Estimated H-index: 47
(Baylor College of Medicine),
Roman J. Shypailo17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Baylor College of Medicine)
+ 1 AuthorsWilson G. Pond30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Baylor College of Medicine)
The accuracy of body-composition measurements by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was assessed by comparison with total carcass chemical analysis in 16 pigs with a weight range of 5 -35 kg. Two software versions for bodycomposition analyses with the DXA instrument were evaluated. Although both software versions accurately predicted body weight, there were significant differences in the partitioning between bone mineral content (BMC), nonbone lean tissue, and body-fat compartments. All esti...
185 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 1992in Journal of Applied Physiology 3.26
Robert Ross55
Estimated H-index: 55
,
Luc Léger23
Estimated H-index: 23
+ 2 AuthorsR. Guardo6
Estimated H-index: 6
This study had two objectives: 1) to establish magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a tool for measuring total and regional adipose tissue (AT) distribution in humans and 2) to assess the relationship between selected anthropometric variables and MRI-measured AT. Twenty-seven healthy men varying in age [40.8 +/- 14.5 (SD) yr], body mass index (28.5 +/- 4.8), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR, 0.96 +/- 0.07) participated in the study. Total AT volume was determined using a linear interpolation of AT are...
428 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2002in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 6.55
Bernard Gutin49
Estimated H-index: 49
(Georgia Regents University),
Paule Barbeau30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Georgia Regents University)
+ 5 AuthorsMark S. Litaker39
Estimated H-index: 39
(Georgia Regents University)
Background: Little is known about how the intensity of exercise influences cardiovascular fitness and body composition, especially in obese adolescents. Objective: Our goal was to determine the effects of physical training intensity on the cardiovascular fitness, percentage of body fat (%BF), and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of obese adolescents. Design: Obese 13-16-y-olds (n = 80) were assigned to 1) biweekly lifestyle education (LSE), 2) LSE + moderate-intensity physical training, or 3) LSE +...
374 Citations Source Cite
Cited By2
Published on Sep 1, 2013in Sports Medicine 7.07
Natasha Schranz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of South Australia),
Grant R. Tomkinson15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of South Australia),
Tim Olds46
Estimated H-index: 46
(University of South Australia)
Background Overweight and obese children and adolescents face many physical and psychosocial hardships. Resistance training is a modality of exercise which allows this at-risk group to excel and therefore has the potential to positively affect not only their physical but also psychosocial health.
42 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2014in British Journal of Sports Medicine 7.87
Natasha Schranz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of South Australia),
Grant R. Tomkinson15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of South Australia)
+ 2 AuthorsTim Olds46
Estimated H-index: 46
(University of South Australia)
Background/aim Resistance training is an exercise modality at which overweight and obese adolescents can excel and which can therefore positively affect their psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a 6-month resistance training intervention on the self-concept strength and body composition of overweight and obese adolescent males. Methods 56 overweight and obese males aged 13–17 years were randomly allocated to an Intervention (n=30) or Control (n=26) grou...
15 Citations Source Cite
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