Nutrient composition of Dioclea reflexa seed : An underutilized edible legume

Published on Jan 1, 1996in Rivista Italiana Delle Sostanze Grasse 0.18
A. F. Aiyesanmi1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
M. O. Oguntokun1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
The nutrient composition of dehusked Dioclea reflexa seed was studied. Results of proximate composition indicated a low moisture content (10.02 ± 0.27%) and high crude protein content (44.43 ± 0.45%). Ash, crude fat, crude fibre and carbohydrate content were 3.07 ± 0.05, 1459 ± 0.36, 0.98 ± 0.02 and 26.91 ± 0.18% respectively. Nutritionally valuable mineral analysis showed that D. reflexa is rich in potassium and phosphorus (496.20 ± 0.50 and 420.40 ± 0.20 mg/100 g respectively), and very low in copper and manganese (1.45 ± 0.04 and 1.64 ± 0.02 mg/100 g respectively). Eighteen amino acids were detected in varying concentration in the seeds, and among the essential amino acid assayed, leucine, with a chemical score of 81.14%, appeared to be the most limiting as others had scores above 100%, all compared with the NRC reference protein pattern. Three toxic substances were determined: phytic acid was 318.40 ± 0.30 mg/100 g; tannin 151.80 ± 0.20 mg/100 g; and hydrocyanic acid 2.10 ± 0.05 mg/100 g. D. reflexa is therefore a cheap source of animal nutrients which has been hitherto underutilized.
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  • Citations (15)
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Cited By15
I. A. Amoo1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Foluso O. Agunbiade8
Estimated H-index: 8
The potential of Pterygota macrocarpa to serve as a raw material source for industrial applications, domestic consumption, and animal feedstock formulation to reduce the overburden of few seed was assessed by this study. Two seed forms; whole and dehulled seeds, were analyzed for proximate composition, minerals contents, and anti-nutrient properties. Extracted seed-oils were characterized. The results indicate that the seed is a potential source of oil suitable for industrial applications while ...
9 Citations
Published on Apr 1, 2007in Journal of Zhejiang University-science B 1.81
O.T. Omotoso2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Ekiti State University),
C. O. Adedire1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Federal University of Technology Akure)
Adult (ADS) and larva stages of palm weevil Rhynchophorus phoenicis were analyzed for their nutritional potentials using proximate and mineral contents as indices. The early larva stage (ELS) contains the highest moisture content of 11.94% while ADS has the least value of 4.79%. The late larva stage (LLS) has the highest protein content of 10.51% while ADS contains 8.43%. Ash content is highest in ELS with a value of 2.37% and lowest in ADS with a value of 1.43%. ELS and LLS have the highest (22...
18 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2010in Food Research International 3.52
Pornpimol Raksakantong3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Mahasarakham University),
Naret Meeso10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Mahasarakham University)
+ 1 AuthorsSirithon Siriamornpun22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Mahasarakham University)
Abstract Fatty acid composition and proximate analysis of eight terricolous insects namely dung beetle ( Copris nevinsoni Waterhouse), short tailed cricket ( Brachytrupes portentosus Lichtenstein), june beetle ( Holotrichia sp.), queen caste ( Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius), weaver ant ( Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius), termite ( Termes sp.), longan stink bug ( Tessaratoma papillosa ), cicada ( Meimuna opalifera Walker) were determined. Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) was the most predomina...
57 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2006in Journal of Zhejiang University-science B 1.81
O.T. Omotoso2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Ekiti State University)
Determination of the proximate, nutritionally valuable minerals and anti-nutrient compositions in larvae of Cirina forda (W) showed that they contained high levels of protein, (55.50%±1.20%) with ash, moisture, fat, and carbohydrate levels being (10.26%±0.01%), (10.85%±0.38%), (4.68%±0.01%) and (18.70%±0.84%) respectively. Fibre was not detected. Protein solubility was higher in alkaline media than in acidic media while the isoelectric points were pH 4, 6 and 9 indicating that C. forda may be us...
66 Citations Source Cite
The study aimed at exploring the anti-diabetic effect of the seed flour of Dioclea reflexa on alloxaninduced diabetic rats. Thirty Wistar rats of both sexes were exposed to respective doses of the seed flour and the standardized drugs (Gliclazide 6.1 mg/kd body weight and Metformin 60 mg/kg body weight) according to the group specifications. The seed flour at a dose of 2 g/kg body weight per oral once daily was found to be more effective than any of the standard drugs with which it was compared....
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Published on Jan 1, 2010in African Journal of Food Science
A. I. Osasona1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
O. Olaofe1
Estimated H-index: 1
Proximate composition, mineral content and functional properties of the flour obtained from larvae of Cirina forda were evaluated. The proximate analysis revealed the crude protein to be 20.0 ± 0.2%, crude fat 12.5 ± 0.4%, moisture 4.5 ± 0.1%, ash 8.7 ± 0.1% and total carbohydrate 54.3 ± 0.2%. The mineral evaluation in mg/100g dry weight showed K (47.6 ± 0.1) > P (45.9 ± 0.6) > Na (44.4 ± 0.1) > Mg (43.8 ± 0.4) > Zn (24.2±0.2) > Ca (12.9 ±0.2) > Fe (1.3). Cu and Mn were not detected. The functio...
15 Citations
A. I. Akinyede1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
I. A. Amoo1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
A. F. Eleyinmi1
Estimated H-index: 1
The chemical and functional properties of full fat and defatted Dioclea reflexa (FDR and DDR) seed flour were investigated using standard methods. Results showed the following respective values for FDR and DDR: fat 14.4 and 5.35%, ash 2.80 and 3.65%, protein 39.38 and 46.85%, fibre 1.48 and 1.73%, carbohydrate 33.34 and 34.22%, moisture content 8.60 and 8.20%. The respective mineral contents (mg/kg) were P 1.33 and 1.37, Zn 232.73 and 290.99, Fe 258.39 and 290.99, Mn 25.42 and 32.19, Mg 818.60 a...
7 Citations
Published on Oct 6, 2016in Cogent food & agriculture
Y.A. Bamigbola1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Federal University of Technology Akure),
Olugbenga Olufemi Awolu6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Federal University of Technology Akure),
I.B. Oluwalana1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Federal University of Technology Akure)
AbstractWheat based composite flour was substituted with plantain and tigernut flours in order to enhance its protein, fibre, minerals, antioxidants and resistant starch contents. The proximate and compositions were optimized using optimal model design of response surface methodology. The independent variables were wheat flour (60–77%), plantain flour (92–37%) and tigernut flour (3–10%). The optimum blends, that is, blends with overall best protein, fibre and minerals contents were chosen for su...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization 1.18
Maninder Kaur16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Guru Nanak Dev University),
Rajwinder Kaur6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Guru Nanak Dev University),
Balmeet Singh Gill13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Guru Nanak Dev University)
This study was conducted to determine selected functional properties of six flaxseed cultivars in relation to its nutritional value to aim at selection of a cultivar that would be more nutritive and contribute to desirable functional properties. The determination of macro-elements and trace elements was carried out by atomic absorption spectrophotometry whereas amino acid analyzer was used to determine the amino acid contents. Various flaxseed cultivars showed significant (P K > Na whereas for m...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 4, 2018in Cogent food & agriculture
Hagos Hailu Kassegn (Mekelle University)
AbstractThis study was conducted to investigate valid information’s of the Landrace Ethiopia purple wheat and to focus on the future development of the food product with an excellent health benefits. The purple wheat grain was cleaned of foreign materials and impurities with manually by human hand. The samples were ground into flour and sieved through 75 μm sieve and were packaged in airtight plastic bags prior to analyses. The flours were analyzed for their proximate composition and bioactive c...
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