Advances in Ecological Research
Papers 389
1 page of 39 pages (389 results)
#1Nico Eisenhauer (Leipzig University)H-Index: 45
#2Holger Schielzeth (FSU: University of Jena)H-Index: 27
Last. Malte Jochum (University of Bern)H-Index: 8
view all 42 authors...
Abstract Concern about the functional consequences of unprecedented loss in biodiversity has prompted biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (BEF) research to become one of the most active fields of ecological research in the past 25 years. Hundreds of experiments have manipulated biodiversity as an independent variable and found compelling support that the functioning of ecosystems increases with the diversity of their ecological communities. This research has also identified some of the mechanisms...
5 CitationsSource
#1David G. Angeler (NU: University of Nebraska–Lincoln)H-Index: 3
#2Hannah B. Fried-Petersen (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 3
Last. Carissa L. Wonkka (NU: University of Nebraska–Lincoln)H-Index: 9
view all 11 authors...
Abstract Understanding the capacity of ecosystems to adapt and to cope (i.e. adaptive capacity) with change is crucial to their management. However, definitions of adaptive capacity are often unclear and confusing, making application of this concept difficult. In this paper, we revisit definitions of adaptive capacity and operationalize the concept. We define adaptive capacity as the latent potential of an ecosystem to alter resilience in response to change. We present testable hypotheses to eva...
3 CitationsSource
#1Rémy Beugnon (Leipzig University)H-Index: 1
#2Katja Steinauer (Leipzig University)H-Index: 7
Last. Nico Eisenhauer (Leipzig University)H-Index: 45
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Understanding aboveground-belowground linkages and their consequences for ecosystem functioning is a major challenge in soil ecology. It is already well established that soil communities drive essential ecosystem processes, such as nutrient cycling, decomposition, or carbon storage. However, knowledge of how plant diversity affects belowground community structure is limited. Such knowledge can be gained from studying the main plant functional traits that modulate plant community effects...
1 CitationsSource
#1Kathryn E. BarryH-Index: 5
#2Hans de KroonH-Index: 46
Last. Christiane RoscherH-Index: 44
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One of the unifying goals of ecology is understanding the mechanisms that drive ecological patterns. For any particular observed pattern, ecologists have proposed varied mechanistic models. However, in spite of their differences, all of these mechanistic models rely on either abiotic conditions or biotic conditions, our “ecological first principles”. These major components underlie all of the major mechanistic explanations for patterns of diversity like the latitudinal gradient in diversity, the...
1 CitationsSource
#1Mette Termansen (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 6
#2Daniel S. Chapman (University of Stirling)H-Index: 21
Last. Klaus Hubacek (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 61
view all 7 authors...
It is well-recognised that to achieve long-term sustainable and resilient land management we need to understand the coupled dynamics of social and ecological systems. Land use change scenarios will often aim to understand (i) the behaviours of land management, influenced by direct and indirect drivers, (ii) the resulting changes in land use and (iii) the environmental implications of these changes. While the literature in this field is extensive, approaches to parameterise coupled systems throug...
#1Peter ManningH-Index: 27
#2Jacqueline Loos (GAU: University of Göttingen)H-Index: 12
Last. Teja Tscharntke (GAU: University of Göttingen)H-Index: 105
view all 23 authors...
Abstract Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (BEF) research grew rapidly following concerns that biodiversity loss would negatively affect ecosystem functions and the ecosystem services they underpin. However, despite evidence that biodiversity strongly affects ecosystem functioning, the influence of BEF research upon policy and the management of ‘real-world’ ecosystems, i.e., semi-natural habitats and agroecosystems, has been limited. Here, we address this issue by classifying BEF research into ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Nico EisenhauerH-Index: 45
#2Holger SchielzethH-Index: 27
Last. Anne EbelingH-Index: 20
view all 42 authors...
#1Kathryn E. Barry (Leipzig University)H-Index: 5
#2Alexandra Weigelt (Leipzig University)H-Index: 41
Last. Liesje MommerH-Index: 35
view all 13 authors...
Plant species richness positively affects plant productivity both above- and belowground. While this suggests that they are related at the community level, few studies have calculated above- and belowground overyielding simultaneously. It thus remains unknown whether above- and belowground overyielding are correlated. Moreover, it is unknown how belowground community level overyielding translates to the species level. We investigated above- and belowground overyielding in the Jena Trait-Based Bi...
2 CitationsSource
#1Emily J. PindilliH-Index: 2
#2Dianna M. HoganH-Index: 8
Last. Zhiliang ZhuH-Index: 31
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#1Julia Siebert (Leipzig University)H-Index: 5
#2Madhav P. Thakur (Leipzig University)H-Index: 13
Last. Nico Eisenhauer (Leipzig University)H-Index: 45
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Climate change and intensified land use simultaneously affect the magnitude and resilience of soil-derived ecosystem functions, such as nutrient cycling and decomposition. Thus far, the responses of soil organisms to interacting global change drivers remain poorly explored and our knowledge of below-ground phenology is particularly limited. Previous studies suggest that extensive land-use management has the potential to buffer detrimental climate change impacts, via biodiversity-mediate...
2 CitationsSource
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