Journal of Insect Physiology
Papers 9379
1 page of 938 pages (9,379 results)
Abstract Understanding the ability of parasitoid insects to succeed in new host populations is a relevant question for biological control and adaptive mechanisms. Cotesia typhae is an African parasitoid specialized on the moth Sesamiae nonagrioides, also called the Mediterranean corn borer. Two Kenyan strains of C. typhae differ in their virulence against a new host population from France. We explored behavioral and physiological hypotheses about this differentiation. Cotesia genus belongs to a ...
Abstract The elongated mandibles of certain ant species are dexterous grippers that can output a wide range of forces as needed for various tasks. Our combined experimental and theoretical research reveals the multifunctionality of the mandibles of Harpegnathos venator that is facilitated by specific microstructures and characteristic kinematics. First, we found that H. venator can pull off a spider’s (Heteropoda venatoria) leg by closing its long mandibles. We observed that the ant usually clam...
Abstract The metabolic cost of growth, which quantifies the amount of energy required to synthesize a unit of biomass, is an important component of an animal’s ontogenetic energy budget. Here we investigated this quantity as well as other energy budget variables of the larvae of a holometabolous insect species, Vanessa cardui (painted lady). We found that the high growth rate of this caterpillar cannot be explained by its metabolic rate and the percentage of the metabolic energy allocated to gro...
Abstract During diapause in mosquitoes, efficient storage and utilization of energy are crucial for surviving prolonged periods of developmental arrest and for maximizing reproductive success once diapause is terminated and development recommences. In Culex pipiens, glycogen rapidly accumulates during early diapause (7–10 days after adult eclosion) and it is used to maintain energy homeostasis during the first month of diapause. In this study, a gene encoding glycogen synthase, which converts gl...
Abstract Nutrition is a major mediator of insect life-history trait expression. While the role of macronutrient (carbohydrate and protein) balance on trait expression has received substantial attention, the implications of different classes of specific macronutrients remains virtually unexplored. Here, we addressed this gap by varying the type of carbohydrate in larval diets of the polyphagous fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni (aka ‘Queensland fruit fly’). Sourcing insects from a colony maintained usi...
Abstract Thermal cues are widely used by ectoparasites to find and exploit hosts. Recently, the wing louse Columbicola columbae (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) was shown to use thermo-orientation when migrating between host microhabitats. Here, we study the control systems governing thermo-orientation by motion tracking wing lice on spatial and temporal heat gradients. As previously demonstrated, lice placed on spatial heat gradients successfully located nearby heat targets. Unilateral antennectomies...
Abstract Like vertebrates, invertebrates evolved acquired immunity based on memory-like mechanisms, known as immunization. Immunization and its transmission among individuals are phylogenetically ancestral and conserved characters that have been reported in different insect orders. Physiological mechanisms are still largely unknown, and the high variability in responses in different host-parasite systems led to different conclusions. In social insect species, the complex organization of colonies...
Abstract Dragonfly nymphs are aquatic and breathe water using a rectal gill. However, it has long been known that the nymphs of many species appear to possess the ability to breathe air, either during their final instar when they leave the water prior to metamorphosis, or during periods of aquatic hypoxia. The aerial gas exchange associated with these activities has not been quantified. This study used flow-through respirometry to measure the rate of aerial CO2 release (VCO2) of dragonfly nymphs...
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Abstract Traps baited with female-produced sex pheromones have been very effective in the monitoring and management of mirid bugs in numerous field trials. However, none of the target odorant receptors for sex pheromone components in Apolygus lucorum have been identified. We identified one candidate sex pheromone receptor, AlucOR4, from A. lucorum. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) analysis revealed that AlucOR4 was antennae-enriched and male-biased in adult A. lucorum. Xenopus oocyte expression...
Abstract Amblypygids use a pair of modified walking legs (antenniform) as chemosensory and mechanosensory appendages. At the tip of these legs are covered in chemosensory sensilla, which the animals use to sample odor stimuli in their environment by moving the antenniform leg through the air. We designed a set of experiments to measure the filtering effect that aerodynamic boundary layers have on the temporal and spatial structure of chemical stimuli. In addition, two different species of amblyp...
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