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Published in Research Policy5.42
Margit Osterloh24
Estimated H-index: 24
(UZH: University of Zurich),
Bruno S. Frey88
Estimated H-index: 88
(UZH: University of Zurich)
Abstract Publications in top journals today have a powerful influence on academic careers although there is much criticism of using journal rankings to evaluate individual articles. We ask why this practice of performance evaluation is still so influential. We suggest this is the case because a majority of authors benefit from the present system due to the extreme skewness of citation distributions. “Performance paradox” effects aggravate the problem. Three extant suggestions for reforming perfo...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Research Policy5.42
Xiaoshu Bei (Duke University), Xiaoshu Bei (Duke University)
Abstract In this article, I study the relationship between valuable trademarks and a firm’s technology sourcing strategy. The Profiting from Innovation (PFI) and Transaction Cost Economics (TCE) perspectives have generated competing predictions regarding firms’ historical stock of valuable trademarks and their decision to pursue external technology sourcing. To conduct the empirical analysis, I use a sample of innovator firms in the manufacturing sectors from the Division of Innovative Labor sur...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Research Policy5.42
Francesco Cappa5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli),
Raffaele Oriani13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli)
+ 1 AuthorsAlfredo Vittorio De Massis29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Lancaster University)
Abstract Crowdsourcing is a particular form of open innovation (OI) that aims to boost idea-generation in innovation processes. The underlying rationale is that the collective intelligence of a large number of contributors outside the firm’s boundaries increases the likelihood of achieving ‘extreme outcomes’, i.e ., high quality ideas with exceptional business potential. Due to the idiosyncrasies that differentiate crowdsourcing from other forms of OI, the findings from prior research on the per...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Research Policy5.42
Raissa Pershina1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Oslo),
Birthe Soppe4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Oslo),
Taran Thune9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Oslo)
Abstract Expertise in digital technologies is necessary, but rarely sufficient to generate digital innovation. The purpose of this paper is to explore how specialists rooted in digital and analog knowledge domains engage in cross-domain collaboration to jointly create digital innovation. Our analysis cross-examines the literature on knowledge integration and coordination by examining the role of boundary-spanning tools in fusing divergent types of knowledge. The empirical setting for our study i...
Published on May 25, 2019in Research Policy5.42
Neil Lee15
Estimated H-index: 15
(LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science),
Stephen Clarke
Abstract Do low-skilled workers benefit from the growth of high-technology industries in their local economy? Policymakers invest considerable resources in attracting and developing innovative, high-tech industries, but there is relatively little evidence on the distribution of the benefits. This paper investigates the labour market impact of high-tech growth on low and mid-skilled workers, using data on UK local labour markets from 2009–2015. It shows that high-tech industries – either STEM-int...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Research Policy5.42
Véronique Schaeffer11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UDS: University of Strasbourg)
Abstract The transfer of scientific material and data, which are scientific inputs, is fundamental to knowledge creation dynamics. This transfer is being controlled, more and more, by the use of Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs). Therefore, the effect of MTAs on the dynamic of knowledge creation is an important concern. The aim of this research is to characterise the restrictions imposed by MTAs, and their determinants. We consider MTA diversity based on a comprehensive analysis of the clauses...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Research Policy5.42
Sharon Koppman4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UCI: University of California, Irvine),
Erin Leahey17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UA: University of Arizona)
Abstract Breaking from tradition is necessary for scientific advancement, yet we know little about the factors that encourage scientists to break from tradition in their research, particularly by using methods that are unconventional in their fields. To address this gap, we integrate the sociology of science with insights from organization theory, which delineates the evaluative advantages bestowed on those with elite status and a consistent professional identity. We use a mixed methods design. ...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Research Policy5.42
Elvis Korku Avenyo (UJ: University of Johannesburg), Maty Konte1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UNU: United Nations University),
Pierre Mohnen36
Estimated H-index: 36
(UM: Maastricht University)
Abstract Innovation has become a key interest in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), as it is argued to be pervasive, and plays an eminent role in generating employment. There is, however, a dearth of empirical evidence assessing the impact of innovation on firm employment for SSA. This paper investigates the impact of product innovations on job creation using data from the recent waves of the Enterprise Survey merged with Innovation Follow-Up Survey for SSA countries for which both surveys are available....
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Research Policy5.42
Pablo D’Este19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Polytechnic University of Valencia),
Oscar Llopis5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Valencia)
+ 1 AuthorsAlfredo Yegros1
Estimated H-index: 1
(LEI: Leiden University)
Abstract Interdisciplinary research (IDR) has raised increasing expectations among scholars and policymakers about its potential to produce ground-breaking scientific contributions and satisfy societal demands. While existing research highlights that novel connections across fields is beneficial for scientific contributions with high academic impact, comparatively less is known about whether IDR is positively associated to scientists’ engagement with non-academic actors. To investigate this, we ...
Published on May 1, 2019in Research Policy5.42
Danny McGowan , Chrysovalantis Vasilakis3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Bangor University),
Chrysovalantis Vasilakis
Abstract This paper studies how productivity-enhancing agricultural technology affects urbanization by provoking structural change. We investigate these issues using a natural experiment in the United States. The results show that technologies which improve crop productivity lead to a less urbanized economy as economic activity relocates from manufacturing and services towards agriculture. The effects are highly persistent and are driven by the technology increasing agricultural labor demand. Ou...
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