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Abstract Understanding innovation in developing countries has been substantially constrained by the lack of comparable and reliable data. Collecting data on firm-level innovation is challenging because of the difficulties to operationalize the definition of innovation, the subjective judgement calls that respondents are required to make because of this, and because what constitutes innovation may be considered differently across different country contexts. These challenges may lead to serious is...
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Abstract We propose a measure of latent innovation in local economies based on spillovers among industries in terms of inter-industry sales and purchases as well as spatial proximity. The proposed measure captures innovation that is not reflected in typical NSF-based statistics such as patents, R&D spending, or science and engineering workers. When the results are mapped for the U.S., regions that one would expect to be highly innovative also show up as such. To determine whether this measure he...
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Abstract In contexts where the abstract and predictive outcomes of theory-driven research from the lab provide little insight for solving practical problems, use-inspired research is argued to shape advances in science by leading more directly to practice-oriented outcomes. We show that in the biomedical sector, basic research conducted by clinical scientists is significantly more likely to exploit prior insights from the applied literature, and triggers relatively more applied and industrial fo...
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#1Pauline C. Cherunya (Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology)H-Index: 2
#2Helene Ahlborg (Chalmers University of Technology)H-Index: 8
Last.Bernhard Truffer (Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology)H-Index: 42
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Abstract A persistent conundrum for practitioners and researchers in the development context is that, often, newly provided and improved basic services are not maintained by users despite seemingly superior functionality and user convenience. We argue that one major reason for this is an insufficient understanding of the context in which users have to manage their daily lives. We therefore propose an approach to analysing the embedding of basic services that focuses on the users’ daily practices...
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Abstract Emerging science and technology fields are increasingly expected to provide solutions to societal grand challenges. The promise of such solutions frequently underwrites claims for the public funding of research. In parallel, universities, public research organizations and, in particular, private enterprises draw on such research to actively secure property rights over potential applications through patenting. Patents represent a claim to garner financial returns from the novel outcomes ...
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#1Monica Masucci (University of Sussex)H-Index: 2
#2Stefano Brusoni (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 19
Last.Carmelo Cennamo (CBS: Copenhagen Business School)H-Index: 10
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Abstract This paper investigates how firms can orchestrate outbound open innovation strategically to accelerate technological progress among the firms they collaborate with, thus removing technological bottlenecks in their business ecosystem. We examine how a major oil and gas producer fostered, through its internal corporate venture unit, the development of new technologies aimed at enhancing the effectiveness of the oilfield services offered by its key providers. The comparative analysis of fi...
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#1Raymond J. March (NDSU: North Dakota State University)
#2Vincent Geloso (King's University College (University of Western Ontario))H-Index: 1
Abstract Incentives affect the ways in which scientific research is disseminated and translated into practice. From 1936 to 1972, approximately fifty thousand lobotomies were performed in the US, with the majority occurring during the late 1940s and early 1950s. Curiously, the lobotomy's popularity coincided with a consensus within the medical community that the procedure was ineffective. To explain this paradox, we follow the framework developed by Tullock (2005) to examine how financial incent...
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Abstract How gender diversity affects the innovation performance under different innovation contexts has been a complex and unsolved puzzle in the innovation literature. This study aims to examine the effect of gender diversity within research and development (R&D) teams on firms’ innovation efficiency, which is defined as their capability to generate new product sales per unit of R&D investment. We argue that gender diversity in R&D teams can promote innovation efficiency by providing informati...
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#1Mehmet Ugur (University of Greenwich)H-Index: 15
#2Sefa Awaworyi Churchill (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 9
Last.Hoang Minh Luong (University of Greenwich)
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Abstract As Mohnen (1996: 40) has indicated, research and development (RD (ii) usually smaller than that of own-RD (iii) too small to be practically significant when evidence with adequate statistical power is considered. Controlling for observable sources of heterogeneity and best-practice research, the meta-effect is insignificant in the full sample but significant and large among OECD firms/industries/countries. We discuss the implications of these findings for future research and public supp...
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Abstract Public research funding programs typically make grants with minimal intervention by program staff, rather than using a hands-on approach to project management, which is more common in the private sector. In contrast, program staff at the US Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy (ARPA-E) are given a set of real options with which to manage funded projects: abandon, contract or expand project budgets or timelines. Using internal data from ARPA-E, we show that a...
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