Journal of Structural Biology
Papers 4004
1 page of 401 pages (4,004 results)
Abstract In bacteria, nucleoid associated proteins (NAPs) take part in active chromosome organization by supercoil management, three-dimensional DNA looping and direct transcriptional control. Mycobacterial integration host factor (mIHF, rv1388) is a NAP restricted to Actinobacteria and essential for survival of the human pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We show in vitro that DNA binding by mIHF strongly stabilizes the protein and increases its melting temperature. The structure obtained by ...
Abstract Arginase-1 is a manganese-dependent metalloenzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of L–arginine into L-ornithine and urea. Arginase-1 is abundantly expressed by tumor-infiltrating myeloid cells that promote tumor immunosuppression, which is relieved by inhibition of Arginase-1. We have characterized the potencies of the Arginase-1 reference inhibitors (2S)-2-amino-6-boronohexanoic acid (ABH) and Nω-hydroxy-nor-L-arginine (nor-NOHA), and studied their pH-dependence and binding kinetics. To...
Abstract Dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) from Campylobacter jejuni is a natively homotetrameric enzyme that catalyzes the first unique reaction of (S)-lysine biosynthesis and is feedback-regulated by lysine through binding to an allosteric site. High-resolution structures of the DHDPS-lysine complex have revealed significant insights into the binding events. One key asparagine residue, N84, makes hydrogen bonds with both the carboxyl and the α-amino group of the bound lysine. We generated t...
Abstract High-resolution three-dimensional imaging is key to our understanding of biological tissue formation and function. Recent developments in synchrotron-based X-Ray tomography techniques provide unprecedented morphological information on relatively large sample volumes with a spatial resolution better than 50 nm. However, the analysis of the generated data, in particular image segmentation – separation into structure and background – still present a significant challenge, especially when c...
Abstract The AAV2.7m8 vector is an engineered capsid with a 10-amino acid insertion in adeno-associated virus (AAV) surface variable region VIII (VR-VIII) resulting in the alteration of an antigenic region of AAV2 and the ability to efficiently transduce retina cells following intravitreal administration. Directed evolution and in vivo screening in the mouse retina isolated this vector. In the present study, we sought to identify the structural differences between a recombinant AAV2.7m8 (rAAV2.7...
Abstract Corals and other biomineralizing organisms use proteins and other molecules to form different crystalline polymorphs and biomineral structures. In corals, it’s been suggested that proteins such as Coral Acid Rich Proteins (CARPs) play a major role in the polymorph selection of their calcium carbonate (CaCO3) aragonite exoskeleton. To date, four CARPs (1-4) have been characterized: each with a different amino acid composition and different temporal and spatial expression patterns during ...
Abstract Chaperonins are ubiquitously present protein complexes, which assist the proper folding of newly synthesized proteins and prevent aggregation of denatured proteins in an ATP-dependent manner. They are classified into group I (bacterial, mitochondrial, chloroplast chaperonins) and group II (archaeal and eukaryotic cytosolic variants). However, both of these groups do not include recently discovered viral chaperonins. Here, we solved the symmetry-free cryo-EM structures of a single-ring c...
Abstract Cryo-EM samples prepared using traditional methods often suffer from too few particles, poor particle distribution, strongly biased orientation, or damage from the air-water interface. Here we report that functionalization of graphene oxide (GO) coated grids with amino groups concentrates samples on the grid with improved distribution and orientation. By introducing a PEG spacer, particles are kept away from both the GO surface and the air-water interface, protecting them from potential...
Abstract Polypeptides containing β -amino acids are attractive tools for the design of novel proteins having unique properties of medical or industrial interest. Incorporation of β -amino acids in vivo requires the development of efficient aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases specific of these non-canonical amino acids. Here, we have performed a detailed structural and biochemical study of the recognition and use of β3-Met by Escherichia coli methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS). We show that MetRS binds β3-...
Abstract The 2-carboxy-6-hydroxyoctahydroindole (Choi) moiety is an essential residue for the antithrombotic activities of aeruginosins, which are a class of cyanobacterial derived bioactive linear tetrapeptides. Biosynthetic pathway of Choi is still elusive. AerF was suggested to be involved in the biosynthesis of Choi, and can be assigned to the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) superfamily. However, both the exact role and the catalytic mechanism of AerF have not been elucidated. In t...
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Electron microscope
Cell biology