Journal of Structural Biology
Papers 4044
1 page of 405 pages (4,044 results)
#1Ashwin K. Chetty (Yale University)
#2Joel A. Sexton (Yale University)
Last. Titus J. Boggon (Yale University)H-Index: 48
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Abstract Many serine/threonine protein kinases discriminate between serine and threonine substrates as a filter to control signaling output. Among these, the p21-activated kinase (PAK) group strongly favors phosphorylation of Ser over Thr residues. PAK4, a group II PAK, almost exclusively phosphorylates its substrates on serine residues. The only well documented exception is LIM domain kinase 1 (LIMK1), which is phosphorylated on an activation loop threonine (Thr508) to promote its catalytic act...
#1Marcela Lobos (UdeC: University of Concepción)H-Index: 2
#2Maximiliano Figueroa (UdeC: University of Concepción)H-Index: 6
Last. Elena Uribe (UdeC: University of Concepción)H-Index: 12
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Abstract Arginase (EC catalyzes the hydrolysis of L-arginine to L-ornithine and urea, and requires a bivalent cation, especially Mn2+ for its catalytic activity. It is a component of the urea cycle and regulates the intracellular levels of L-arginine, which makes the arginase a target for treatment of vascular diseases and asthma. Mammalian arginases contain an unusual S-shaped motif located at the intermonomeric interface. Until now, the studies were limited to structural role of the m...
#1Ananth Prasad Burada (Savitribai Phule Pune University)H-Index: 1
#2Rajesh Vinnakota (Savitribai Phule Pune University)H-Index: 2
Last. Janesh Kumar (Savitribai Phule Pune University)H-Index: 14
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Abstract GluD2 receptor belongs to the orphan delta family of glutamate receptor ion channels. These receptors play key roles in synaptogenesis and synaptic plasticity and are associated with multiple neuronal disorders like schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorder, cerebellar ataxia, intellectual disability, paraplegia, retinal dystrophy, etc. Despite the importance of these receptors in CNS, insights into full-length GluD2 receptor structure is missing till-date. Here we report cryo-electron mi...
#1Emeline Raguin (Weizmann Institute of Science)
#2Katya Rechav (Weizmann Institute of Science)H-Index: 12
Last. Steve Weiner (Weizmann Institute of Science)H-Index: 84
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Abstract We examine the structure of the bone of the pharyngeal jaws of a large fish, the black drum (Pogonias cromis), that uses its tooth-jaw complex to crush hard-shelled bivalve mollusks. During mastication huge compressive forces are concentrated in a tiny zone at the tooth-bone interface. We report on the structure of this bone, with emphasis on its contact with the teeth, at different hierarchical levels and in 3D. Micro-CT shows that the molariform teeth do not have roots and are support...
#1Christian M. Laurent (University of Southampton)H-Index: 1
#2John M. Dyke (University of Southampton)H-Index: 34
Last. Roeland de Kat (University of Southampton)H-Index: 15
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Abstract The central shaft of a bird’s flight feather bears most of the aerodynamic load during flight and exhibits some remarkable mechanical properties. The shaft comprises two parts, the calamus and the rachis. The calamus is at the base of the shaft, while the rachis is the longer upper part which supports the vanes. The shaft is composed of a fibrous outer cortex, and an inner foam-like core. Recent nanoindentation experiments have indicated that reduced modulus values, Er, for the inner an...
#1Alex R. Carey Hulyer (ANU: Australian National University)
#2Deborah A. Briggs (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 5
Last. Richard Callaghan (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 40
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The drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp) displays a complex transport mechanism involving multiple drug binding sites and two centres for nucleotide hydrolysis. Elucidating the molecular mechanism of transport remains elusive and the availability of P-gp structures in distinct natural and ligand trapped conformations will accelerate our understanding. The present investigation sought to provide biochemical data to validate specific features of these structures; with particular focus on the tra...
#1Maria Katsikini (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 14
#2E. Proiou (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)
Last. S. Ves (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 27
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Abstract The exoskeleton of crustaceans consists of chitin biopolymers where the embedded inorganic biominerals, mainly CaCO3, affect strongly its mechanical properties. Raman and Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopies and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) are applied to investigate the CaCO3 structure in various parts of the Calappa granulata crab exoskeleton. The shape of the main Raman peak of CaCO3 reveals the presence of two phases which are identified as cal...
#1Reinhard Rachel (University of Regensburg)H-Index: 49
#2Paul Walther (University of Ulm)H-Index: 41
Last. Ralph Witzgall (University of Regensburg)H-Index: 35
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Abstract The interpretation of cell biological processes hinges on the elucidation of the underlying structures. Their three-dimensional analysis using electron tomography has extended our understanding of cellular organelles to a great extent. The investigations depend on the availability of appropriate instruments for data recording. So far, such investigations have been done to a great extent on 300 keV transmission electron microscopes. Here we show the implementation of STEM tomography on a...
#1Assaf Gal (Weizmann Institute of Science)H-Index: 12
#1Deepak Pathak (Yeungnam University)H-Index: 1
#2Eunju Kwon (Yeungnam University)H-Index: 4
Last. Dong Young Kim (Yeungnam University)H-Index: 13
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Abstract Uracil-N-glycosylase (UNG) is found in most organisms as well as in large DNA viruses. Its inhibitory proteins, including uracil glycosylase inhibitor (UGI) and p56, tightly bind to the active site of UNG by mimicking the DNA substrates. As the binding motifs are conserved in UNG family proteins, the inhibitory proteins bind to various UNG proteins across species. However, the intercalation residue that penetrates the DNA minor groove during uracil excision is not conserved among UNG pr...
Top fields of study
Electron microscope
Cell biology