European Journal of Public Health
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#1Victoria Peer (University of Haifa)
#2Naama Schwartz (University of Haifa)H-Index: 6
Last. Manfred S. Green (University of Haifa)H-Index: 37
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BACKGROUND Sex differences in the incidence of infectious diseases can provide insight to the biological mechanism of infection, disease susceptibility, severity and vaccine development. The consistency of age-specific sex differences in the incidence rates (IRs) of shigellosis is unclear. METHODS National data on cases of shigellosis by sex, age group and calendar year were obtained from nine countries, for a period of 6-25 years. The male to female incidence rate ratios (RR) were calculated by...
#1Solveig Glestad Christiansen (FHI: Norwegian Institute of Public Health)H-Index: 1
#2Anne Reneflot (FHI: Norwegian Institute of Public Health)H-Index: 7
Last. Lars Johan Hauge (FHI: Norwegian Institute of Public Health)H-Index: 13
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BACKGROUND The drug-related death of a child has been linked to higher prevalence of complicated grief and mental health problems than bereavement by other causes of death. Whether this leads to an increased risk of mortality following the loss has not yet been examined. METHODS Employing register data covering the years 1986-2015 and encompassing the entire Norwegian population, parents with at least one child aged 15 or older were analyzed using Cox regression. Drug-death bereaved parents were...
#1Aurélie Nakamura (EHESP)H-Index: 1
#2Laura Pryor (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 4
Last. Fabienne El-Khoury Lesueur (University of Paris)H-Index: 2
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BACKGROUND Small for gestational age (SGA) birth weight, a risk factor for infant mortality and delayed child development, is associated with maternal educational attainment. Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy could contribute to this association. We aimed to quantify the contribution of maternal smoking during pregnancy to social inequalities in child birth weight for gestational age (GA). METHODS Data come from the French nation-wide ELFE cohort study, which included 17 155 singletons. ...
#1E Clare Harris (University of Southampton)H-Index: 14
#2Stefania D’Angelo (University of Southampton)H-Index: 10
Last. Karen Walker-Bone (University of Southampton)H-Index: 28
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BACKGROUND To investigate the prevalence of caregiving and its relationship with work, health and socio-economic circumstances in the Health and Employment After Fifty (HEAF) study. METHODS The HEAF study comprises 8134 men and women aged 50-64 years recruited from 24 general practices. Socio-demographic, lifestyle and health characteristics and hours per week giving personal care were elicited by postal questionnaire. Objective clinical information about diagnoses/medications was retrieved from...
#1Stefania Boccia (UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)H-Index: 39
#2Walter Ricciardi (UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)H-Index: 32
#2Victoria Zamperoni (Mental Health Foundation)H-Index: 1
Last. Antonis A. KousoulisH-Index: 1
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Background: Consistent and appropriate measurement is needed in order to improve understanding and evaluation of preventative interventions. This review aims to identify individual-level measurement tools used to evaluate mental health prevention interventions to inform harmonisation of outcome measurement in this area. Methods: Searches were conducted in PubMed, PsychInfo, CINAHL, Cochrane and OpenGrey for studies published between 2008 and 2018. that aimed to evaluate prevention interventions ...
#1Natasha Azzopardi-Muscat (WHO: World Health Organization)
#2Hans Kluge (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 11
#1Isaac Barroso (University of Porto)H-Index: 1
#2Maria Cabral (University of Porto)H-Index: 4
Last. João Tiago Guimarães (University of Porto)H-Index: 23
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BACKGROUND: The immune system is affected and shaped by several internal and external factors. Among the external variables, the socioeconomic status is known to influence the immune system since the early years of life and throughout life. METHODS: In this study, we assessed the relationship between parental education with the white blood cells and its subtypes in 1213 adolescents from the EPITeen cohort, assessed at the age of 13. Beta coefficients (beta) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were...
#1Tea Lallukka (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 38
#2Rahman Shiri (Finnish Institute of Occupational Health)H-Index: 50
#1Manfred E. Beutel (University of Mainz)H-Index: 1
#1Manfred E. Beutel (University of Mainz)H-Index: 41
Last. Thomas Münzel (University of Mainz)H-Index: 95
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BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional studies have shown that noise annoyance is strongly associated with mental distress, however, its long-term effects on mental health is unknown. We therefore investigated whether noise annoyance predicts depression, anxiety and sleep disturbance in a large, representative sample 5 years later. METHODS: We investigated longitudinal data of N = 11 905 participants of the Gutenberg Health Study, a population-based, prospective, single-centre cohort study in mid-Germany (...
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