Biological Reviews
Papers 2016
1 page of 202 pages (2,016 results)
#1Yatti De Nijs (UGent: Ghent University)
#2Sofie De Maeseneire (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 12
Last. Wim Soetaert (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 38
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When developing industrial biotechnology processes, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast or brewer's yeast) is a popular choice as a microbial host. Many tools have been developed in the fields of synthetic biology and metabolic engineering to introduce heterologous pathways and tune their expression in yeast. Such tools mainly focus on controlling transcription, whereas post-transcriptional regulation is often overlooked. Herein we discuss regulatory elements found in the 5' untranslated reg...
#1Rowena E. Martin (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 18
Membrane transport proteins, also known as transporters, control the movement of ions, nutrients, metabolites, and waste products across the membranes of a cell and are central to its biology. Proteins of this type also serve as drug targets and are key players in the phenomenon of drug resistance. The malaria parasite has a relatively reduced transportome, with only approximately 2.5% of its genes encoding transporters. Even so, assigning functions and physiological roles to these proteins, and...
#1Madhav P. Thakur (Leipzig University)H-Index: 13
#2Helen PhillipsH-Index: 10
Last. Erin K. Cameron (Saint Mary's University)H-Index: 10
view all 27 authors...
Soil is one of the most biodiverse terrestrial habitats. Yet, we lack an integrative conceptual framework for understanding the patterns and mechanisms driving soil biodiversity. One of the underlying reasons for our poor understanding of soil biodiversity patterns relates to whether key biodiversity theories (historically developed for aboveground and aquatic organisms) are applicable to patterns of soil biodiversity. Here, we present a systematic literature review to investigate whether and ho...
#1Danton H. O'Day (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 21
#2Sabateeshan Mathavarajah (Dal: Dalhousie University)
Last. Robert J. Huber (Trent University)H-Index: 9
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This review focusses on the functions of intracellular and extracellular calmodulin, its target proteins and their binding proteins during the asexual life cycle of Dictyostelium discoideum. Calmodulin is a primary regulatory protein of calcium signal transduction that functions throughout all stages. During growth, it mediates autophagy, the cell cycle, folic acid chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and other functions. During mitosis, specific calmodulin-binding proteins translocate to alternative locat...
2 CitationsSource
#1Claire Gely (Griffith University)H-Index: 1
#2Susan G. Laurance (JCU: James Cook University)H-Index: 49
Last. Nigel E. Stork (Griffith University)H-Index: 45
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Increased frequency and severity of drought, as a result of climate change, is expected to drive critical changes in plant-insect interactions that may elevate rates of tree mortality. The mechanisms that link water stress in plants to insect performance are not well understood. Here, we build on previous reviews and develop a framework that incorporates the severity and longevity of drought and captures the plant physiological adjustments that follow moderate and severe drought. Using this fram...
2 CitationsSource
#1Amy E. Zanne (GW: George Washington University)H-Index: 29
#2Kessy Abarenkov (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 34
Last. Kathleen K. Treseder (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 52
view all 23 authors...
Fungi play many essential roles in ecosystems. They facilitate plant access to nutrients and water, serve as decay agents that cycle carbon and nutrients through the soil, water and atmosphere, and are major regulators of macro-organismal populations. Although technological advances are improving the detection and identification of fungi, there still exist key gaps in our ecological knowledge of this kingdom, especially related to function. Trait-based approaches have been instrumental in streng...
2 CitationsSource
#1Warren W. Burggren (UNT: University of North Texas)H-Index: 46
#2Renato Filogonio (UFSCar: Federal University of São Carlos)H-Index: 4
Last. Tobias Wang (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 33
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This review explores the long-standing question: 'Why do cardiovascular shunts occur?' An historical perspective is provided on previous research into cardiac shunts in vertebrates that continues to shape current views. Cardiac shunts and when they occur is then described for vertebrates. Nearly 20 different functional reasons have been proposed as specific causes of shunts, ranging from energy conservation to improved gas exchange, and including a plethora of functions related to thermoregulati...
#1Bruce Anderson (Stellenbosch University)H-Index: 18
#2Marinus L. de Jager (Stellenbosch University)H-Index: 8
Biological mimicry has served as a salient example of natural selection for over a century, providing us with a dazzling array of very different examples across many unrelated taxa. We provide a conceptual framework that brings together apparently disparate examples of mimicry in a single model for the purpose of comparing how natural selection affects models, mimics and signal receivers across different interactions. We first analyse how model-mimic resemblance likely affects the fitness of mod...
#1Scott Pitnick (SU: Syracuse University)H-Index: 41
#2Mariana F. Wolfner (Cornell University)H-Index: 65
Last. Steve Dorus (SU: Syracuse University)H-Index: 3
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Mammalian sperm must spend a minimum period of time within a female reproductive tract to achieve the capacity to fertilize oocytes. This phenomenon, termed sperm 'capacitation', was discovered nearly seven decades ago and opened a window into the complexities of sperm-female interaction. Capacitation is most commonly used to refer to a specific combination of processes that are believed to be widespread in mammals and includes modifications to the sperm plasma membrane, elevation of intracellul...
1 CitationsSource
#1Alexandre Mestre (University of Valencia)H-Index: 7
#2Robert Poulin (University of Otago)H-Index: 79
Last. Joaquín Hortal (UFG: Universidade Federal de Goiás)H-Index: 38
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Range expansion results from complex eco-evolutionary processes where range dynamics and niche shifts interact in a novel physical space and/or environment, with scale playing a major role. Obligate symbionts (i.e. organisms permanently living on hosts) differ from free-living organisms in that they depend on strong biotic interactions with their hosts which alter their niche and spatial dynamics. A symbiotic lifestyle modifies organism-environment relationships across levels of organisation, fr...
Top fields of study
Evolutionary biology