Biological Reviews
Papers 2042
1 page of 205 pages (2,042 results)
#1James I. Barr (Curtin University)H-Index: 2
#2Ruchira Somaweera (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 11
Last. Philip W. Bateman (Curtin University)H-Index: 25
view all 5 authors...
Abnormal caudal regeneration, the production of additional tails through regeneration events, occurs in lepidosaurs as a result of incomplete autotomy or sufficient caudal wound. Despite being widely known to occur, documented events generally are limited to opportunistic single observations - hindering the understanding of the ecological importance of caudal regeneration. Here we compiled and reviewed a robust global database of both peer-reviewed and non-peer reviewed records of abnormal regen...
#1Petr Pyšek (Charles University in Prague)H-Index: 94
#2Philip E. Hulme (Canterbury of New Zealand)H-Index: 42
Last. Piero Genovesi (Stellenbosch University)H-Index: 36
view all 23 authors...
Biological invasions are a global consequence of an increasingly connected world and the rise in human population size. The numbers of invasive alien species - the subset of alien species that spread widely in areas where they are not native, affecting the environment or human livelihoods - are increasing. Synergies with other global changes are exacerbating current invasions and facilitating new ones, thereby escalating the extent and impacts of invaders. Invasions have complex and often immens...
#1Yujung Chang (Dongguk University)H-Index: 6
#2Junyeop Kim (Dongguk University)H-Index: 4
Last. Jongpil Kim (Dongguk University)H-Index: 16
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Neurodegenerative diseases are incurable and debilitating conditions characterized by the deterioration of brain function. Most brain disease models rely on human post-mortem brain tissue, non-human primate tissue, or in vitro two-dimensional (2D) experiments. Resource limitations and the complexity of the human brain are some of the reasons that make suitable human neurodegenerative disease models inaccessible. However, recently developed three-dimensional (3D) brain organoids derived from plur...
#1Peter B. Batson (University of Otago)H-Index: 2
#2Yuta Tamberg (University of Otago)H-Index: 3
Last. Abigail M. Smith (University of Otago)H-Index: 19
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Skeletal resorption - the physiological removal of mineralised parts by an organism - is an important morphogenetic process in bryozoans. Reports of its occurrence and function across the phylum are patchy, however, and have not previously been synthesised. Here we show that resorption occurs routinely across a wide range of bryozoan clades, colony sizes, growth forms, ontogenetic stages, body wall types, skeletal ultrastructures and mineralogies. Beginning in the early Paleozoic, different mode...
#1Luciana Elizalde (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 9
#2Marina P. Arbetman (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 7
Last. Gabriela Inés Pirk (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 8
view all 9 authors...
Social insects, i.e. ants, bees, wasps and termites, are key components of ecological communities, and are important ecosystem services (ESs) providers. Here, we review the literature in order to (i) analyse the particular traits of social insects that make them good suppliers of ESs; (ii) compile and assess management strategies that improve the services provided by social insects; and (iii) detect gaps in our knowledge about the services that social insects provide. Social insects provide at l...
#1Jan Kozłowski (Jagiellonian University)H-Index: 30
#2Marek Konarzewski (University of Białystok)H-Index: 30
Last. Marcin Czarnoleski (Jagiellonian University)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
Despite many decades of research, the allometric scaling of metabolic rates (MRs) remains poorly understood. Here, we argue that scaling exponents of these allometries do not themselves mirror one universal law of nature but instead statistically approximate the non-linearity of the relationship between MR and body mass. This 'statistical' view must be replaced with the life-history perspective that 'allows' organisms to evolve myriad different life strategies with distinct physiological feature...
#1Marcelo H. Cassini (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 14
Herein, I review existing criticisms of the field of invasion biology. Firstly, I identifiy problems of conceptual weaknesses, including disagreements regarding: (i) definitions of invasive, impact, and pristine conditions, and (ii) ecological assumptions such as species equilibrium, niche saturation, and climax communities. Secondly, I discuss methodological problems include the misuse of correlations, biases in impact reviews and risk assessment, and difficulties in predicting the effects of s...
#1Jacques Prieur (FU: Free University of Berlin)
#1Jacques Prieur (FU: Free University of Berlin)H-Index: 7
Last. Alban Lemasson (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 23
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Investigating in depth the mechanisms underlying human and non-human primate intentional communication systems (involving gestures, vocalisations, facial expressions and eye behaviours) can shed light on the evolutionary roots of language. Reports on non-human primates, particularly great apes, suggest that gestural communication would have been a crucial prerequisite for the emergence of language, mainly based on the evidence of large communication repertoires and their associated multifaceted ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Jiri TumaH-Index: 1
#2Paul Eggleton (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 53
Last. Tom M. FayleH-Index: 22
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Animal interactions play an important role in understanding ecological processes. The nature and intensity of these interactions can shape the impacts of organisms on their environment. Because ants and termites, with their high biomass and range of ecological functions, have considerable effects on their environment, the interaction between them is important for ecosystem processes. Although the manner in which ants and termites interact is becoming increasingly well studied, there has been no ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Jean-Louis Martin (University of Montpellier)H-Index: 43
#2Simon Chamaillé-Jammes (University of Montpellier)H-Index: 26
Last. Donald M. Waller (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 46
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Human-driven species annihilations loom as a major crisis. However the recovery of deer and wolf populations in many parts of the northern hemisphere has resulted in conflicts and controversies rather than in relief. Both species interact in complex ways with their environment, each other, and humans. We review these interactions in the context of the ecological and human costs and benefits associated with these species. We integrate scattered information to widen our perspective on the nature a...
1 CitationsSource
Top fields of study
Evolutionary biology