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Environmental and Resource Economics
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2.15
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International fishery access agreements allow fishermen from one country to harvest fish in another country's waters. We empirically examine, using a unique global panel dataset, why countries sign fisheries access agreements with each other and compare these to the characteristics of countries that choose the path of international trade. We show that access agreements and fish exports are driven by two key motives: a pattern of comparative advantage in fishing, which depends on fish stocks and ...
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#1Graham Beattie (LMU: Loyola Marymount University)H-Index: 3
#2Yi Han (University of Pittsburgh)
Last.Andrea La Nauze (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 2
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Biased beliefs about climate change may lead to under-regulation of emissions. We study a new channel by which the public form beliefs about climate change: visible mitigation actions. By exploiting the rapid growth of rooftop solar panels, a large survey, and differences in incentives to install solar, we find that visible mitigation actions have a positive impact on belief in basic climate science. However, we also find that higher solar penetration reduces concern about the impacts of climate...
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#1Doruk İriş (Sogang University)H-Index: 3
#2Jungmin Lee (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 1
Last.Alessandro Tavoni (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 12
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Many public goods cannot be provided directly by interested parties (e.g. citizens), as they entail decision-making at nested hierarchical scales: at a lower level individuals elect a representative, while at a higher scale elected delegates decide on the provision level, with some degree of scrutiny from their constituency. Furthermore, many such decisions involve uncertainty about the magnitude of the contribution that is needed for the good to be provided (or bad to be avoided). In such circu...
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I consider a “low-ambition” (LA) country with no current climate policy, with two sectors. Sector 1 can in principle sell an unlimited amount of carbon offsets to a bloc of “high-ambition” (HA) countries. A condition for access to the right for sector 1 to sell unlimited offsets is that sector 2 of the LA country implements a comprehensive carbon tax. When the two sectors have equal size, and public and private revenues are valued equally by the LA government, a carbon tax in sector 2, equal to ...
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#1Edward J. Balistreri (Iowa State University)H-Index: 18
#2Daniel T. Kaffine (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 12
Last.Hidemichi Yonezawa (SSB: Statistics Norway)H-Index: 5
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We consider the legal and economic context for border adjustments that might be used to augment subglobal carbon abatement. Following Markusen (1975) we establish optimal border policy in the presence of cross-border environmental damages. The optimal border policy includes a strategic component that is inconsistent with legal commitments under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Incorporating GATT compliance into the theory indicates an optimal border adjustment that taxes the ca...
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#1Edward B. Barbier (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 65
#2Jacob P. Hochard (ECU: East Carolina University)H-Index: 5
Remote less-favored agricultural lands (LFAL) are regions in developing countries that face severe biophysical constraints on production and are in geographical locations that have limited market access. We estimate that, across developing countries, 130 million people with high infant mortality live in such areas, and the incidence is 40%. In low-income countries, the population in remote LFAL with high infant mortality increased 25% over 2000–2010 to 57 million, and the incidence is 94%. From ...
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Several recent incidences of severe waterborne lead exposure have public authorities and communities across the US rethinking their strategies to address aging water infrastructure. One common question: who should pay for updates? This paper provides evidence of positive property value capitalization effects following remediation of private lead service lines in Madison, WI. Using a 16-year panel of property transactions data and a universal and prescriptive policy change, I identify an average ...
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#1Edward B. Barbier (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 65
#2Joanne C. Burgess (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 12
Scientists suggest placing planetary boundaries on human-induced threats to key Earth system sinks and resources. Such boundaries define a “safe operating space” on depletion and pollution. Treating any remaining “space” as a depletable economic asset allows derivation of optimal and actual rules for depletion. We apply this analysis to natural forests, and find that the critical asset is tropical forests. The size of the safe operating space and assumptions about the annual rate of tropical def...
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Based on panel data covering 114 countries between 1996 and 2011, this study investigates the impact on pollution of trade in environmental goods (EGs). We check the validity of the implicit consequences assumed by the win–win scenario in the current trade-climate negotiations, arguing that market dynamics should guarantee that EGs’ liberalization is ‘automatically’ in the interest of all countries, regardless their market and institutional capacities. We show that trade in EGs alone fail to add...
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