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World Development
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As India's population has been ageing due to declines in fertility and mortality rates, more policy emphasis has been placed on reducing poverty among the elderly. The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) on both short and long-term household welfare indicators, such as consumption expenditure. Using the household longitudinal data based on the Indian Human Development Survey in 2004-05 and 2011-12, we have applied the Prope...
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#1Rachel Bray (University of Oxford)H-Index: 2
Last. Robert Walker (BNU: Beijing Normal University)H-Index: 26
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Abstract The Sustainable Development Goals require countries to halve poverty in all its dimensions by 2020 but the dimensions are nowhere specified. Reflecting the United Nation’s aspiration that policy should be informed by ‘the meaningful participation of persons living in poverty’, participative research was undertaken in six contrasting countries (Bangladesh, Bolivia, France, Tanzania, the United Kingdom and the USA) to identify the dimensions of poverty. People experiencing poverty were in...
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#1Melissa Leach (University of Sussex)H-Index: 48
#2Nicholas Nisbett (University of Sussex)H-Index: 10
Last. John Thompson (University of Sussex)H-Index: 28
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Abstract Food has become both a pivotal topic in development and a lens through which to integrate and address a range of contemporary global challenges. This review article addresses in particular the interrelationship between food and sustainable, equitable development, arguing that this is fundamentally political. We offer a set of approaches to understanding food politics, each underlain by broader theoretical traditions in power analysis, focused respectively on food interests and incentive...
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#1Jérôme Ballet (University of Bordeaux)H-Index: 15
#2Damien Bazin (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 7
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Abstract When applied to the analysis of natural resource management, the theory of access has led to a number of interesting findings, in particular, an insistence on the role of power relations in the conditions that regulate access to resources. By adopting the capability approach for this study, we move beyond the theory of access in a bid to explain the unequal access to/use of natural resources. We focus on three key types of power: strategic, institutional and structural. We then apply ou...
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#1Chandra Sekhara Rao Nuthalapati (DU: University of Delhi)H-Index: 1
#2Rajib Sutradhar (Christ University)
Last. Matin Qaim (GAU: University of Göttingen)H-Index: 50
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Abstract Supermarkets have gained in importance in the food systems of many developing countries, with profound implications for smallholder farmers. Several studies analyzed effects of selling to supermarkets on smallholder productivity and income. However, no previous work systematically analyzed effects of supermarkets on farmgate prices, even though prices are important determinants of farmers’ profits and livelihoods. Here, we use data from smallholder vegetable growers in India to compare ...
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#1Laura German (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 20
#2Anya M. Bonanno (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 1
Last. Lorenzo Cotula (International Institute for Environment and Development)H-Index: 22
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Abstract Sustained interest by the business community in commercial agriculture in the global South has been welcomed for its potential to bring capital into long neglected rural areas, but has also raised concerns over implications for customary land rights and the terms of integration of local land and labor into global supply chains. In global development policy and discourse, the concept of “inclusive business” has become central in efforts to resolve these tensions, with the idea that integ...
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#1Verónica EscuderoH-Index: 5
Last. Clemente PignattiH-Index: 3
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There is an increasing recognition in the policy debate of the importance of providing support to unemployed individuals through a combination of income support and active labour market policies. However, very little evidence exists on the effectiveness of this policy approach (and possible trade-offs) beyond developed economies. We provide one of the first evaluations of these schemes in the context of an emerging economy by looking at a public works programme implemented in Uruguay between 200...
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#1Plamen NikolovH-Index: 5
#2Matthew Bonci (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)
Precipitated by rapid globalization, rising inequality, population growth, and longevity gains, social protection programs have been on the rise in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the last three decades. However, the introduction of public benefits could displace informal mechanisms for risk-protection, which are especially prevalent in LMICs. If the displacement of private transfers is considerably large, the expansion of social protection programs could even lead to social welfare ...
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