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Food and Chemical Toxicology
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#1Mahmood Jasim Mohammed (Ain Shams University)
#2Mariane G. Tadros (Ain Shams University)H-Index: 11
Last. Haidy E. Michel (Ain Shams University)H-Index: 2
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Abstract Cyclophosphamide (CP) is one of the famous anti-cancer drugs. However, CP-induced hepatotoxicity is a dose-limiting side effect. The present study aimed to investigate the potential protective effect of geraniol (GOH), the main ingredient of Palmarosa oil and rose oil, against CP-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Results showed that CP provoked a marked elevation in serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase. In addition, oxidative stress...
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#1M. Sobczak (West Pomeranian University of Technology)H-Index: 5
#2Remigiusz Panicz (West Pomeranian University of Technology)H-Index: 5
Last. J. Dias
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Abstract The effect of carp feeding with n-3 PUFA-enriched feed (Schizochytrium sp. meal or salmon oil) on nutritional quality indicators (proximal composition, fatty acid profile of fat) and culinary quality (color parameters, texture, sensory properties) was evaluated. Highly significant effects of carp nutrition on chemical composition and fat characteristics, L* and a* color parameters, muscle fiber size, endomysium thickness, moisture and taste of fillets were determined. Fillets obtained f...
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#1Giuseppe Annunziata (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 6
Last. Silvia TejadaH-Index: 14
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Abstract Polyphenols are secondary metabolites widely distributed in many plant foods, such a tea, coffee, chocolate and fruits. The consumption of these compounds is related to the improvement or amelioration of many diseases, including diabetes. Nevertheless, the great barrier to the therapeutic use of polyphenols is the low bioavailability of these compounds once ingested. For that reason, the encapsulation of polyphenols in different matrices may protect them from digestion and improve their...
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#1Ana Juan-García (University of Valencia)H-Index: 19
#2Saverio Carbone (University of Camerino)
Last. Jordi Mañes (University of Valencia)H-Index: 55
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Abstract The co-presence of more than one mycotoxin in food is being evidenced in last food surveys as reported in the literature. Beauvericin (BEA) is a non-legislated emergent mycotoxin while Ochratoxin A (OTA) has been widely studied and legislated. Concentration range individually studied was from 2.5 to 0.3 μM for BEA and from 25 to 3.1 μM for OTA; binary mixture [BEA + OTA] comprised concentrations of 1:10 ratio from [2.5 + 25] to [3.1 + 0.3] μM. Potential of toxicity of BEA in HepG2 cells...
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#1Qun Huang (Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University)
#2JianQing Qiu (Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University)
Last. ShaoXiao Zeng (Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University)
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Abstract In the present study, the removal effect of dealuminated jellyfish on Aluminum (Al) in mice was evaluated. The results showed that the consumption of dealuminated jellyfish significantly decreased Al accumulation in the liver of mice, indicating an Al-removing effect of dealuminated jellyfish on Al-enriched mice. In addition, the effect of dealuminated jellyfish consumption on an Al-overload model was further evaluated. The result showed that the Al content in different tissues and orga...
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#1Fadl Moussa (University of Teramo)
#2Samia Mokh (AEC: United States Atomic Energy Commission)H-Index: 5
Last. Mohamad Al Iskandarani (Lebanese University)H-Index: 6
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Abstract A new method, using liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for the detection of fourteen natural and synthetic hormones in muscles, was validated in other bovine matrices (liver, kidney, bile and hair) according to the Decision Commission 2002/657/EC. As result, this method demonstrates good linearity (R2 > 0.99) as well as accuracy with coefficients of variation for repeatability and reproducibility lower than 23%. Moreover, the values of decision limit (CCα) and...
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Abstract In this work, the essential oils (EOs) from Litchi chinensis, Clausena anisata, Heracleum sphondylium, Pimpinella anisum, Lippia alba, Crithmum maritimum and Syzygium aromaticum were tested for their contact toxicity against the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae, a deleterious ectoparasite of aviary systems. In addition, in order to give insights on their mode of action and effectiveness, the vapor phase and residual toxicity tests were also performed. Results showed that amongst a...
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#1Penelope A. RiceH-Index: 1
#2Jason AungstH-Index: 2
Last. Shruti V. KabadiH-Index: 1
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Abstract 6:2 Fluorotelomer alcohol (6:2 FTOH) is a short-chain polyfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) in polymeric PFAS used in fast food packaging and stain- and water-resistant textiles and may be degradation products of some components of aqueous film-forming foams (AFFF). The general population is exposed to 6:2 FTOH by inhalation of evaporates from treated surfaces or ambient concentrations in air, ingestion of indoor dust, or ingestion of food packaged in materials containing PFAS. Although expo...
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#1Giovanni Benelli (UniPi: University of Pisa)H-Index: 47
#2Roman PavelaH-Index: 32
Last. Laura Zeppa (University of Camerino)
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Abstract Marsh rosemary (Ledum palustre, Ericaceae) has been widely used in the traditional medicine of various regions worldwide, and as insect repellent. Little is known on its essential oil (EO) insecticidal potential. This study explores the insecticidal effects of the EO obtained from L. palustre growing in Poland on selected insect pests and vectors. EO GC-MS analysis evidenced an uncommon chemotype characterized by ascaridole (35.3% as sum of cis-ascaridole and isoascaridole) and p-cymene...
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#1Hilko van der Voet (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 21
#2Johannes W. Kruisselbrink (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 7
Last. Cleo TebbyH-Index: 5
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Abstract A model and data toolbox is presented to assess risks from combined exposure to multiple chemicals using probabilistic methods. The Monte Carlo Risk Assessment (MCRA) toolbox, also known as the EuroMix toolbox, has more than 40 modules addressing all areas of risk assessment, and includes a data repository with data collected in the EuroMix project. This paper gives an introduction to the toolbox and illustrates its use with examples from the EuroMix project. The toolbox can be used for...
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Top fields of study
Endocrinology
Chemistry
Antioxidant
Toxicity
Biochemistry
Diabetes mellitus