International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Papers 14530
1 page of 1,453 pages (14.5k results)
Abstract Biological metal-organic frameworks (BioMOFs), an emerging sub-class of MOFs, are prepared from metals and biological ligands (bioligands). Benefit from the low toxicity and good biocompatibility of bioligands, BioMOFs can be used in biomedicine and biocatalysis. In this work, a novel approach was developed for fabricating BioMOFs materials (Co-Cys BioMOFs) from cobalt salt and cystine, meanwhile nitrile hydratase (NHase) was in-situ encapsulated during the synthesis process. The obtain...
Abstract β-Amylase was immobilized onto GQDs using 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane and glutaraldehyde. Optimization was carried out by Box-Behnken design and binding was confirmed by SEM, AFM, FT-IR and fluorescence microscopy. Predicted optimum immobilization efficiency (88.64%) was very close to actual (87.98%), which confirmed the success of the immobilization process. The immobilized enzyme showed maximum activity at pH 5.0 and 57 °C, whereas Km and Vmax were found to be 6.40 mg/mL and 714.28 μ...
Abstract Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is biodegradable and biocompatible polyester that has been recently used for developing different drug delivery systems (DDS). Microspheres as DDS, consist of a polymeric matrix with a diameter of 1-125 μm which contains a substance entrapped, and then released mainly through diffusion. In order to make DDS viable for commercial applications, it is essential to develop models that describe and predict the substance release kinetic. In this study, microspheres o...
Abstract In this study, a green approach combining enzyme-initiated reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization and free-radical coupling was developed for the modification of jute fiber, which is a typical lignin-based cellulose. Jute fiber surface was covered by rich amount of lignin, which offered great opportunities for further functional modification. The controlled polymerization of vinyl monomers, acrylamide (AM) or butyl acrylate (BA), was carried out by horser...
Abstract Herein we describe the interaction of starch, urea, and melamine (C3N6H6) in composite materials for use as controlled-release plant fertilizer. Slow-release fertilizers are important in minimizing nutrient losses due to run-off, leaching, and other factors. Urea is an effective plasticizer for starch and is an important nitrogen fertilizer throughout the world. Melamine also has high nitrogen content and could be combined with urea-starch composites to provide enhanced controlled-relea...
Abstract Eight different Aspergillus strains were tested for their ability to produce β-fructofuranosidase (FFase) by Solid-State Fermentation. The Aspergillus tamarii URM4634 strain was selected as the most performant and tested on six different agroindustrial by-products. Soy, wheat and oat brans, which allowed for the highest hydrolytic (UH) and transfructosylating (UTF) activities, were tested individually or in mixtures according to a simplex-centroid mixture design in order to investigate ...
Abstract In this study, label-free quantitative proteomics was used to investigate the biological functions of M. oleifera seed proteins, which resulted in the identification of milk-clotting proteases. In total, 921 proteins were identified, and proteins within the molecular weight range of 30–50 kDa were abundant. The identified proteins were mainly involved in catalytic activity and metabolic processes associated with carbohydrate and protein metabolism, among which, proteases in the observed...
Abstract This work concerns different cultivars of waxy maize starch (WMS), from which a significant correlation between the multi-scale structure and the digestibility has been identified. WMSs show a typical A-type crystalline polymorph. The surface porosity of WMS granules facilitates their digestibility. In contrast, the in vitro digestion results indicate that the resistant starch (RS) content increased with higher contents of amylose, single helices, and surface short-range ordered structu...
Abstract Use of biomaterial scaffolds as drug carriers for infected wounds treatment is of wide scope. A series of curcumin/TiO2 complex loaded chitosan scaffolds are fabricated for the same. Synthesized wound dressing material is screened for their morphology, water absorption capacity; in vitro drug release patterns, in vitro antibacterial studies against gram +ve and a gram −ve bacteria, cell viability for 3T3-L1 cell lines as well as in vivo MRSA infected wound healing capability. Formation ...
Abstract An eco-friendly Schiff base, namely Salicylaldeyde-Chitosan Schiff Base (SCSB), was synthesized by the reaction of chitosan and salicylaldehyde. In 3.5% NaCl saturated with carbon dioxide at 65 °C corrosion inhibition effect was analyzed using weight loss, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization (PDP) methods. The PDP results revealed that SCSB acts as a mixed type inhibitor and reduces the corrosion process effectively at 150 mg L−1 concentration w...
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Organic chemistry