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Systematic Reviews
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#1Janine F. Farragher (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 1
#2Katherine E. Stewart (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 2
Last. Brenda R. HemmelgarnH-Index: 72
view all 6 authors...
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a common and frequently under-recognized complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although there is extensive literature on cognitive interventions that can ameliorate cognitive impairment or associated negative outcomes in the general literature, the breadth and characteristics of cognitive interventions that have been studied in people with CKD are currently unclear. The objective of this scoping review is to identify and describe the literature on cogn...
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#1Morris Kahere (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)
#2Themba G. Ginindza (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 4
BACKGROUND: Globally, low back pain (LBP) is a major public health problem affecting mainly adults of the working class and is the leading cause of disability. The estimated lifetime prevalence of LBP is 50 to 80%. From 1990 to 2015, the years lived with disability caused by LBP have scaled up by 54% with the greatest increase observed in low-middle-income countries (LMICs). LBP poses a significant socio-economic burden to the society regardless of all the technological advancement in diagnosis ...
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#1M. S. Brueckle (Goethe University Frankfurt)H-Index: 1
#2Elizabeth T. Thomas (Bond University)H-Index: 3
Last. Christiane Muth (Goethe University Frankfurt)H-Index: 15
view all 10 authors...
BACKGROUND: Unwanted anticholinergic effects are both underestimated and frequently overlooked. Failure to identify adverse drug reactions (ADRs) can lead to prescribing cascades and the unnecessary use of over-the-counter products. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to explore and quantify the frequency and severity of ADRs associated with amitriptyline vs. placebo in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving adults with any indication, as well as healthy individua...
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#1Alexandre Santos (UBC: University of British Columbia)
#2Chris Lonsdale (ACU: Australian Catholic University)H-Index: 31
Last. Mary E. Jung (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 11
view all 7 authors...
BACKGROUND: Both high-intensity interval training and moderate-intensity continuous training demonstrate beneficial physiological outcomes for active and insufficiently active populations. However, it remains unclear whether compliance to exercise in supervised settings translates to long-term adherence to physical activity in real-world, unstructured environments. To our knowledge, no comprehensive review is available on compliance and/or adherence rates to either modes of exercise for insuffic...
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#1Dongqing Wang (Harvard University)
#2Wafaie W. Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 65
BACKGROUND: School feeding programs are beneficial for the physical, mental, and psychosocial development of school-age children and adolescents, particularly those in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). While school feeding programs are ubiquitous in LMICs, the specific benefits of school feeding programs are unclear. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the impacts of school feeding programs on the educational and health outcomes of children and adolescents ...
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#1Sathana Ingaralingam (University of Birmingham)
#2Saaeha Rauz (University of Birmingham)H-Index: 24
Last. Robert J Barry (University of Birmingham)H-Index: 10
view all 4 authors...
BACKGROUND: Non-infectious scleritis is a potentially sight-threatening condition in which the sclera, the white outer layer of the eye, becomes inflamed. Whilst scleritis can be infective, the majority of cases are due to non-infectious causes, often occurring in association with an underlying systemic autoimmune or auto-inflammatory condition. Thorough systemic work-up is crucial to identify disease aetiology and exclude infection; however, a significant proportion of disease remains idiopathi...
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#1Tlharihani Phisac Maphosa (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)
#2Delarise Maud Mulqueeny (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)
Last. Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson (University of Limpopo)H-Index: 6
view all 5 authors...
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), malnutrition remains a major public health challenge, particularly among children under 5 years of age. Despite nutritional screening tools being developed and available to detect early malnutrition in under five-year-old children, malnutrition continues to be a health concern. However, the level of evidence on nutritional screening tools for predicting early malnutrition at the community level in a high disease burden setting is unclear. The objective of...
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#1Michael SaginurH-Index: 2
#2David M. Fergusson (Ottawa Hospital Research Institute)H-Index: 132
Last. David Moher (Ottawa Hospital Research Institute)H-Index: 74
view all 7 authors...
BACKGROUND: As systematic reviews' limited coverage of the medical literature necessitates decision-making based on unsystematic review, we investigated a possible advantage of systematic review (aside from dataset size and systematic analysis): does systematic review avoid potential bias in sampling primary studies from high impact factor journals? If randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reported in higher-impact journals present different treatment benefits than RCTs reported in lower-impact jo...
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#1Gail Davison ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)
#2Martina Kelly (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 9
Last. Tim Dornan ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)H-Index: 28
view all 4 authors...
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents form a distinct patient group, whose experiences are relatively under-represented in research. Surveys have shown that healthcare professionals (HCPs) do not always communicate with them well, leaving children and adolescents under-involved and unsure who to ask when concerned. Recent qualitative studies have recognised that HCPs have a major influence on children's and adolescents' experiences, where poorer interactions can lead to fear, missed appointments ...
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#1Ozlem Koseoglu Ornek (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)
#2Tobias Weinmann (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 5
Last. Katja Radon (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 39
view all 4 authors...
BACKGROUND: Precarious employment has become an urgent public health issue at a global scale with potential consequences for quality of life and health of employees, especially in vulnerable groups such as migrants. The primary aim of this systematic review is thus to analyze and summarize existing research on the association between precarious employment and migrant workers' mental health. METHODS: We will search PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science (from January 1970 onwards) for original ...
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Top fields of study
Intensive care medicine
Physical therapy
Systematic review
Psychological intervention
Medicine
Meta-analysis