Papers 6373
1 page of 638 pages (6,373 results)
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Psychoneuroendocrinology4.01
Snieguole Vingeliene1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Örebro University),
Ayako Hiyoshi9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Örebro University)
+ 2 AuthorsScott M. Montgomery53
Estimated H-index: 53
(Örebro University)
ABSTRACT Loneliness has been associated with adverse health outcomes, including age-related diseases with an inflammatory etiology such as cardiovascular disease. We aimed to identify potential biological pathways linking loneliness with morbidity and mortality by examining associations of loneliness with biomarkers. Participants in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (n = 3,239) aged 50 years or older with an average age of 64 years, provided data in waves 4 (2008/2009) and 6 (2012/2013). ...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Psychoneuroendocrinology4.01
Kyle D. Medak1
Estimated H-index: 1
(U of G: University of Guelph),
Logan K. Townsend5
Estimated H-index: 5
(U of G: University of Guelph)
+ 1 AuthorsDavid C. Wright26
Estimated H-index: 26
(U of G: University of Guelph)
Abstract Olanzapine is a second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) used frequently in the treatment of schizophrenia and a growing list of off-label conditions. Though effective in reducing psychoses, acute olanzapine treatment causes rapid increases in blood glucose that are believed to be mediated by increases in liver glucose output, skeletal muscle insulin resistance, and beta cell dysfunction. Further, the acute lipidemic response to olanzapine has been largely unexplored. While females have be...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Psychoneuroendocrinology4.01
Susanne Fischer16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UZH: University of Zurich),
Jana Strahler2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Giessen)
+ 4 AuthorsUrs M. Nater33
Estimated H-index: 33
(University of Vienna)
Abstract Objective The individual set point of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis is largely genetically determined. Apart from this genetic predisposition, the HPT axis may also be malleable to environmental demands such as psychosocial stress. Indeed, previous research has indicated that critical life events often precede the onset of autoimmune thyroid diseases, and subtle abnormalities in HPT functioning are present in some patients with stress-related disorders such as depression...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Psychoneuroendocrinology4.01
Anouk Pierre1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel),
Y. Regin (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)+ 6 AuthorsD De Bundel2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
Abstract Background Obesity is a risk factor for stress-related mental disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder. The underlying mechanism through which obesity affects mental health remains poorly understood but dysregulation of the ghrelin system may be involved. Stress increases plasma ghrelin levels, which stimulates food intake as a potential stress-coping mechanism. However, diet-induced obesity induces ghrelin resistance which in turn may have deleterious effects on stress-coping. ...
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Psychoneuroendocrinology4.01
Erica P. Wood1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NYU: New York University),
Stephanie H. Cook9
Estimated H-index: 9
(NYU: New York University)
Abstract Background Exposure to sexual orientation-related discrimination among sexual minorities may lead to elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) as compared to their heterosexual counterparts. However, little is known about factors that may buffer the association between discrimination and CRP among sexual minorities versus heterosexuals. The current study examined if the association between discrimination, sexual orientation, and CRP differed across levels of social support from one’s ...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Psychoneuroendocrinology4.01
Kelly Joanne Robinson3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Sea Mammal Research Unit),
N. Hazon27
Estimated H-index: 27
(St And: University of St Andrews)
+ 1 AuthorsPatrick Pomeroy10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Sea Mammal Research Unit)
Abstract Maximising infant survival requires secure attachments and appropriate behaviours between parents and offspring. Oxytocin is vital for parent-offspring bonding and behaviour. It also modulates energetic balance and neural pathways regulating feeding. However, to date the connections between these two areas of the hormone’s functionality are poorly defined. We demonstrate that grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) mothers with high oxytocin levels produce pups with high oxytocin levels througho...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Psychoneuroendocrinology4.01
J.Z. Petersen (UCPH: University of Copenhagen), Malin Nilsson + 1 AuthorsKamilla W. Miskowiak23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UCPH: University of Copenhagen)
Abstract Background Acute hypoglycaemia is associated with cognitive impairment in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, there is limited understanding of the relationship between patients’ expected cognitive difficulties and their objectively-measured deficits during non-severe hypoglycaemia. Objective This report investigates demographic and clinical factors associated with the discrepancy between expected (i.e., self-evaluated) and measurable (i.e., neuropsychological) cognitive functions i...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Psychoneuroendocrinology4.01
J. Patrizia Stohn5
Estimated H-index: 5
M. Elena Martinez3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 1 AuthorsArturo Hernandez29
Estimated H-index: 29
Abstract Constitutive loss of the type 3 deiodinase (DIO3) causes abnormally increased levels of thyroid hormone action in the developing and adult brain, leading to an array of behavioral abnormalities. To determine to what extent those phenotypes derive from a lack of DIO3 in the adult brain, versus developmental consequences, we created a mouse model of conditional DIO3 inactivation. Mice carrying “floxed” Dio3 alleles and a tamoxifen-inducible cre transgene were injected with tamoxifen at tw...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Psychoneuroendocrinology4.01
Grant S. Shields12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Susannah L Ivory1
Estimated H-index: 1
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Eva H. Telzer31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
Abstract Prior studies have established that cortisol and testosterone play a role in impulsive behavior, but little is known about how cumulative exposure to these hormones over a recent period influences cognitive processes that help to regulate impulsive behavior. We addressed this gap in the present study by examining how hair concentrations of testosterone and cortisol related to response inhibition and risky decision-making in adolescents. Adolescents provided 3 cm of hair cut as close as ...
Published on 2019in Psychoneuroendocrinology4.01
Youngjung Kim (ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai), Tom Hildebrandt24
Estimated H-index: 24
(ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai),
Laurel Mayer22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Columbia University)
Abstract Women with anorexia nervosa (AN) develop visceral adiposity associated with insulin resistance after partial weight restoration, but little is known about the glucose homeostasis after full weight restoration. In this investigation, we studied glucose homeostasis in twenty-four women with AN before (AN) and after weight restoration (WR) at a single institution, with both restricting and binge-purge subtypes (>70% binge-purge), compared to gender-, age- and BMI-matched healthy controls (...