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Injury Prevention
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#1Roderick John McClure (UNE: University of New England (United States))H-Index: 37
In its modern form, injury prevention is about 60 years old.1 2 For all of this time injury prevention has been a leader in the field of academic public health. Injury prevention has led the way in multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary thinking, has been an early adopter of technologies supporting the data revolution and has pioneered the development of implementation science to achieve population-level improvements. In the 1960s, Haddon was explicitly linking the principles of engineering to ...
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#1Cassandra K. Crifasi (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 6
#2Elizabeth M. StoneH-Index: 3
Last.Daniel W. Webster (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 11
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Objective To assess whether there are differences in support for handgun purchaser licensing. Methods We used data from four waves of online, national polling on gun policy. To estimate differences in support for licensing across groups, we categorised respondents by whether they personally owned a gun, lived in a state with handgun purchaser licensing or lived in a state regulating private sales without a licensing system. Results Eighty-four per cent of adults living in states with licensing s...
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#1Melita J. GiummarraH-Index: 18
#2Georgina Lau (Monash University)H-Index: 1
Last.Belinda J. Gabbe (Monash University)H-Index: 48
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Introduction Text mining to support screening in large-scale systematic reviews has been recommended; however, their suitability for reviews in injury research is not known. We examined the performance of text mining in supporting the second reviewer in a systematic review examining associations between fault attribution and health and work-related outcomes after transport injury. Methods Citations were independently screened in Abstrackr in full (reviewer 1; 10 559 citations), and until no more...
2 CitationsSource
#1Audrey R. Giles (Human Kinetics)H-Index: 10
#2Michelle E. E. Bauer (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 1
Last.Janet Jull (Queen's University)H-Index: 9
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The education, engineering and enforcement (3 E’s) approach to injury prevention is grounded in assumptions that it is effective for everyone; however, evidence demonstrates that it fails to consider opportunities for all populations to experience safe and injury-free lives. In this way, the 3 E’s approach does not support health equity in the injury prevention field. In this brief report, we argue that a fourth E, equity, must also be used with the 3 E’s approach to injury prevention.
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Introduction This article proposes a novel method for matching places based on visual similarity, using high-resolution satellite imagery and machine learning. This approach strengthens comparisons when the built environment is a potential confounder, as in many injury research studies. Methods As an example, I apply this method to study the spatial influence of alcohol outlets (AOs) on firearm violence in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, specifically beer stores and bar/restaurants. Using a case–con...
1 CitationsSource
#1Rebecca Mitchell (Macquarie University)H-Index: 26
#2Tayhla Ryder (Macquarie University)
How governments prioritise injury prevention initiatives can be influenced by a range of information sources including health statistics, media attention and stakeholder lobbying efforts. The public health model has been used to guide injury prevention efforts for over two decades, yet this model fails to recognise the impact of contextual features and advocacy efforts in translating injury prevention research into policy, programmes and practice. Here, a reconceptualisation of the public health...
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#1Colin Tomes (Bond University)H-Index: 1
#2Colin D Tomes (Bond University)
Last.Ben Schram (Bond University)H-Index: 5
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Objective Tactical personnel (Military, Law Enforcement, Emergency Responders) require physical fitness levels sufficient for training and occupational duty. Physical conditioning aimed at increasing fitness levels during training presents an injury risk, but unfit trainees may struggle to meet occupational performance standards, further increasing injury risk to themselvesor others. Therefore, the aim of this review was to determine if fitness, asquantified by tactical fitness tests, effectivel...
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#1Ashley Brooks-Russell (Anschutz Medical Campus)H-Index: 10
#2Katelyn E. Hall (Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment)H-Index: 4
Last.Mike Van Dyke (Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment)H-Index: 4
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Our objective was to examine the prevalence of cannabis in homes with children and temporal trends in storage practices among caregivers. Caregivers of children ages 1–14 in Colorado, identified through a representative population-based telephone survey, participated in a repeated telephone survey from 2014 to 2017. Representing 79 805 households in Colorado with children, 8.6% (95% CI 7.3 to 10.0) of caregivers reported cannabis in the home. From 2014 to 2017, the prevalence of reporting cannab...
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#1Kwankaew Wongchareon (NU: Naresuan University)
#2Hilaire J. Thompson (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 28
Last.Nancy R. Temkin (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 62
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Objective To develop a robust prognostic model, the more diverse the settings in which the system is tested and found to be accurate, the more likely it will be generalisable to untested settings. This study aimed to externally validate the International Mission for Prognosis and Clinical Trials in Traumatic Brain Injury (IMPACT) and Corticosteroid Randomization after Significant Head Injury (CRASH) models for low-income and middle-income countries using a dataset of patients with severe traumat...
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Background The use of off-road vehicles such as all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and recreational off-highway vehicles has increased in recent years. A higher percentage of patients hospitalised following ATV crashes suffered severe injuries, compared with those hospitalised following other MVCs. Objective To identify incidence of ATV-related injury and characterise groups with higher prevalence. Methods A retrospective study of the Israel National Trauma Registry data between years 2008 and 2016. AT...
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Occupational safety and health
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