Preventive Medicine
Papers 7524
1 page of 753 pages (7,524 results)
Obesity is a leading cause of premature death in the U.S., in part due to consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs). In New Jersey, African Americans, Hispanics, and those of low income have the highest rates of SSB consumption. This study evaluates the impact of NJ Sugarfreed, a campaign designed to reduce sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption across New Jersey. From 12/1/17-9/30/18, we used a collective impact model to create targeted statewide campaigns that reduce SSB consumption ...
Currently, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends one-time tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination for all adults 19 years and older. This study is designed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Tdap vaccination for Tdap-eligible adults aged 19 through 85 in the United States. A cost-effectiveness model was developed to compute costs and health outcomes associated with pertussis among 100,000 Tdap-eligible persons of each age coh...
Vaccination coverage among United States (U.S.) adults for tetanus continues to be lower than the national goals. Education has demonstrated a positive impact on vaccination coverage. However, recently there have been outbreaks of vaccine preventable conditions in areas with high college completion rates. This study assessed the relationship between education and tetanus vaccination. Data from the 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a self-reported annual survey for non-inst...
#1John D. Omura (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 4
#2Eric T. Hyde (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 1
Last. Susan A. Carlson (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 22
view all 6 authors...
Abstract People with disabilities are at increased risk of chronic diseases, many of which physical activity can help prevent and manage. Certain environmental features can support or hinder participation in important activities like walking, particularly for people with disabilities. The purpose of this study is to examine differences in the prevalence of perceived neighborhood environmental supports and barriers for walking, by disability status, among US adults. Participants in the 2015 Natio...
#1Irene Gómez-Gómez (LUC: Loyola University Chicago)
#2Juan Á. Bellón (Andalusian Health Service)
Last. Emma Motrico (LUC: Loyola University Chicago)H-Index: 12
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Though many studies have explored the association between single-risk lifestyle interventions and depression, unhealthy lifestyle factors often co-occur, with adults engaging in two or more risk behaviours. To date, little is known about the effectiveness of universal multiple-risk lifestyle interventions to reduce depressive symptoms. We conducted a SR/MA to assess the effectiveness of universal multiple-risk lifestyle interventions (by promoting a healthy diet, physical activity and/o...
#1Mojtaba Lotfaliany (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 7
#2Thirunavukkarasu Sathish (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 6
Last. Brian Oldenburg (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 48
view all 8 authors...
Abstract We aimed to examine whether a lifestyle intervention was effective in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in individuals at high-risk of developing diabetes in a low- and middle-income setting. The Kerala Diabetes Prevention Program was evaluated by a cluster-randomized controlled trial (2013–2016) of 1007 individuals (aged 30–60 years) at high-risk for diabetes (Indian Diabetes Risk Score ≥ 60 and without diabetes) in Kerala state, India. Sixty polling areas in Kerala were rando...
#1Paul Jung (Health Resources and Services Administration)
#2Boris D. Lushniak (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 1
Abstract The structure of preventive medicine residency training in the U.S. warrants serious examination. U.S. public health and general preventive medicine residencies have suffered a 17% decline in the number of residency programs since 2000, and current residency programs are, on average, half-empty. The required clinical year is not unique to preventive medicine, a basic, undifferentiated MPH for preventive medicine doesn't distinguish the preventive medicine specialist, and practicum year ...
#1Kimberly Shoenbill (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 2
#2Yiqiang Song (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 3
Last. Eneida A. Mendonça (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 20
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Just under half of the 85.7 million US adults with hypertension have uncontrolled blood pressure using a hypertension threshold of systolic pressure ≥ 140 or diastolic pressure ≥ 90. Uncontrolled hypertension increases risks of death, stroke, heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Guidelines on hypertension management include lifestyle modification such as diet and exercise. In order to improve hypertension control, it is important to identify predictors of lifestyle modification ass...
#1Shelley H. Liu (ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai)H-Index: 3
#2Bian Liu (ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai)H-Index: 1
Last. Karen M. Wilson (ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai)H-Index: 20
view all 5 authors...
Abstract We assessed the relationship between acute and intermittent secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure with child and adolescent blood pressure (BP). We analyzed cross-sectional data from 3579 children and adolescents aged 8–17 participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) collected between 2007 and 2012, with SHS exposure assessed via serum cotinine (a biomarker for acute exposures) and urine NNAL (4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol, a biomarker...
#1Jing Wang (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 10
#2Steven A. Sumner (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 9
Last. Alex E. Crosby (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 20
view all 6 authors...
Abstract This study examined national trends in self-directed violence in the context of changes in opioid use and depression to better inform prevention measures. Using 2000–2015 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) data, we identified 625,064 hospitalizations for self-directed violence among persons aged ≥10 years in the United States. Based on whether co-listing opioid related diagnosis and depression, we categorized hospitalizations for self-directed violence into four comorbid categories as 1) r...
Top fields of study
Physical therapy
Psychological intervention
Diabetes mellitus
Environmental health