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Biological Conservation
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4.45
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Papers 11182
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#1Kelly M. Dixon (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 1
#2Geoffrey J. Cary (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 25
Last.Philip Gibbons (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 34
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Abstract Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of biodiversity has been heavily criticised. However, these criticisms have yet to be tested empirically across a range of geographical environments and institutions. We surveyed 243 protected area staff from 55 countries to describe how M&E is undertaken and to identify variables statistically associated with effective M&E. We found that M&E is routinely employed: 78% of respondents indicated that monitoring occurred and 64% responded that monitoring per...
Abstract While protected areas are a cornerstone of biodiversity conservation, human activities in these areas can negatively affect native species in direct and indirect ways. However, the potential effects of food subsidies provided by visitors on the local- and landscape-scale population dynamics of overabundant species, and how these effects may be augmented by human development outside of parks, are largely unexplored. Here, we investigated how human foods at heavily-visited sites within Ca...
#1Carla C. Eisemberg (CDU: Charles Darwin University)H-Index: 5
#2Richard C. VogtH-Index: 14
Last.Keith A. Christian (CDU: Charles Darwin University)H-Index: 32
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Abstract The Brazilian Government established the Amazon Turtle Project (Projeto Quelonios da Amazonia – PQA) in 1975 to monitor and protect the main nesting sites of Amazon River turtles. The PQA has become the largest-scale and longest-term wildlife conservation initiative in the Brazilian Amazon. We evaluated the outcomes of the PQA across 11 protected localities over 30 years (1977–2008). Inside the protected localities, one population of Podocnemis expansa has declined and four have seen an...
#1Antonio Rodríguez (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 2
#2Jaakko L. O. Pohjoismäki (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 14
Last.Jari Kouki (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 34
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Abstract Intensive forest management leads to forest homogeneity and compromises biodiversity conservation for the sake of a single commodity provision: wood biomass. However, forest biodiversity supports multiple ecosystem functions, with the regulation of insect pest populations among the less understood. We studied how parasitoid functional diversity and composition were affected by forest management and the application of harvesting practices directed to the promotion of biodiversity through...
#1Michele L. Barnes (JCU: James Cook University)H-Index: 10
#2Emmanuel K. Mbaru (JCU: James Cook University)H-Index: 1
Last.Nyawira A. Muthiga (WCS: Wildlife Conservation Society)H-Index: 16
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Abstract Effectively managing ecosystems is an information intensive endeavour. Yet social, cultural, and economic barriers can limit who is able to access information and how knowledge is exchanged. We draw on social network theory to examine whether co-management institutions break down these traditional barriers. We examined the factors that predict information access and knowledge exchange using interview and knowledge sharing network data from 616 Kenyan coral reef fishers operating in four...
#1Aaron Iverson (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
#2David J. Gonthier (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 9
Last.John Vandermeer (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 54
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Abstract Ecologically complex agroecosystems often provide multiple conservation benefits, yet understanding the agricultural practices that favor biodiversity is often a theoretical task until we simultaneously demonstrate the economic impact of such practices on farmers. We provide a multifunctional analysis of both biodiversity and ecosystem services that influence coffee farm profit in Puerto Rico. We show that the vegetation heterogeneity of an agroecosystem, more so than any one ecological...
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