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Biological Conservation
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#1Lily M. van Eeden (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 4
#2Thomas M. Newsome (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 20
Last.Jeremy T. Bruskotter (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 20
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Abstract Justification for lethal control in conservation is often presumed to be shaped by human attitudes toward different species and whether these species are regarded as native or introduced to a particular system. Conservation researchers and practitioners attitudes often differ in this regard, so different conservation frameworks have evolved such as traditional compositionalist conservation, ‘new’ functionalist conservation, and compassionate conservation. Yet, there is limited research ...
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#1Rayen Estrada Pacheco (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)
#2N. Luis JácomeH-Index: 2
Last.Carlos I. Piña (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 12
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#1Élie Pédarros (University of Lyon)
Last.Chloé Guerbois (University of Lyon)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Transforming conservation science and practice calls for rallying people's interest in biodiversity while evaluating the response of biodiversity to anthropogenic transformations. Anthropogenic landscapes are critical as they encompass most of the available spaces for living species and shape evolutionary forces for wildlife in the Anthropocene. We propose a methodology to assess wildlife distribution and habitat suitability in such landscapes based-on local knowledge. With increasing h...
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#1Deniz UzmanH-Index: 2
#2Annette ReinekeH-Index: 20
Last.Ilona LeyerH-Index: 12
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Abstract The expansion and intensification of agriculture are the main causes of current insect declines. Pollinators like cavity-nesting bees can be limited by reduced nesting and feeding opportunities in farmland. As insects constitute the bulk of terrestrial biodiversity and fulfill important ecological functions, there is an urgent need to identify ways to combine agricultural land use and insect conservation. Perennial crops like grapevine can provide permanent habitats for numerous benefic...
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#1Cameron L. Rutt (LSU: Louisiana State University)H-Index: 1
#2Karl Mokross (LSU: Louisiana State University)H-Index: 5
Last.Philip C. Stouffer (LSU: Louisiana State University)H-Index: 30
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Abstract Habitat fragmentation has been associated with myriad negative effects for forest-dependent birds in the Neotropics. However, the vast majority of negative effects have been inferred from comparisons of pre-existing fragments with separate control sites. Such comparisons confound area loss with isolation and ignore effects of patchy distributions and local habitat heterogeneity. To directly test the effects of fragmentation on Amazonian mixed-species flocks—a complex and diverse species...
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#1Alvaro Castilla-Beltrán (University of Southampton)
#2Ivani Duarte (Ministry of Agriculture)
Last.Sandra Nogué (University of Southampton)H-Index: 16
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Abstract Tropical dry islands are currently facing major challenges derived from anthropogenic and climatic pressures. However, their trajectories of environmental change, which could provide relevant information applicable to biodiversity conservation, remain understudied. This is mainly due to poor micro-fossil preservation and irregular sediment deposition. Multi-proxy palaeoecological analyses spanning decades to 1000s of years can add perspective as to how vegetation, fungal communities, an...
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#1Masashi Soga (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 15
#2Maldwyn J. Evans (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 5
Last.Tadashi Kanai (Hakuoh University)H-Index: 1
view all 7 authors...
Abstract The ‘extinction of experience’ – the loss of direct interactions between people and nature – has the potential to increase negative attitudes towards nature (‘biophobia’). Increased biophobia has implications for biodiversity conservation, because it may lead to a reduced motivation to protect wild animals and their habitats. If biophobia among today's children is carried into adulthood, it may negatively affect future biodiversity conservation policy and outcomes. We conducted a large-...
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#1Rikke Reisner Hansen (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 6
#2Knud Erik Nielsen (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 5
Last.Morten Tune Strandberg (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 13
view all 9 authors...
Abstract Maintaining heathland ecosystems in an early successional stage is a major aim of most management regimes, such as harvesting, burning or grazing. However, how these types of management affect important ecosystem engineers such as ants, are poorly understood. We registered the density of ant colonies in managed plots (harvested, burned and grazed) and plots with long succession (so forth unmanaged) across six different dry lowland heath sites. With these data, we investigated how compos...
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#1Tom P. Moorhouse (University of Oxford)H-Index: 16
#2Peter Coals (University of Oxford)H-Index: 1
Last.David W. Macdonald (University of Oxford)H-Index: 89
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Abstract The global trade in wildlife is a threat to species conservation and animal welfare. A key driver is demand for traditional medicines (TMs). We present an initial experimental survey of demand reduction and demand redirection interventions aimed at changing the behaviour of TM consumers in China and Vietnam. Treatment respondents (n = 1600) were shown TM products, with messages outlining their conservation, welfare or human health impacts, and asked their intention to buy these products...
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