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Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
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Forensic feature-comparison examiners in select disciplines are more accurate than novices when comparing samples of visual evidence. This article examines a key cognitive mechanism that may contribute to this superior visual comparison performance: the ability to learn how often stimuli occur in the environment (distributional statistical learning). We examined the relationship between distributional learning and visual comparison performance and the impact of training on the diagnosticity of d...
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Given the widespread use of visualizations to communicate hazard risks, forecast visualizations must be as effective to interpret as possible. However, despite incorporating best practices, visualizations can influence viewer judgments in ways that the designers did not anticipate. Visualization designers should understand the full implications of visualization techniques and seek to develop visualizations that account for the complexities in decision-making. The current study explores the influ...
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Students' judgments of learning (JOLs) are often driven by cues that are not diagnostic of actual learning. One powerful cue that can mislead JOLs is lecture fluency-the degree to which an instructor delivers a smooth, confident, and well-polished lecture. Lecture fluency often inflates JOLs, but has no effect on actual learning. The limited research so far, however, has not systematically explored the role of instructor experience, which may moderate the effects of lecture fluency. In two exper...
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When presenting their predictions, predictors may also provide varying levels of information regarding how they arrived at their predictions. However, it is unclear what role these explanations play in the resulting evaluations of the predictors. In 3 experiments, the authors demonstrate that when a predictor provides a brief explanation, individuals evaluate the predictor less positively than when a predictor simply provides no explanation or provides a detailed explanation for their prediction...
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#1Madalina VlasceanuH-Index: 2
#2Michael J. Morais (Princeton University)H-Index: 3
Last. Alin Coman (Princeton University)H-Index: 12
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#1Marta Ferrero (Complutense University of Madrid)
#2Tom E Hardwicke (Stanford University)H-Index: 8
Last. Miguel A. Vadillo ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 19
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#1Jennifer Savary (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 2
#2Kelly Goldsmith (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 8
Public recognition is usually thought to motivate charitable giving. However, the current research identifies an important context in which the opposite occurs. We examine commonplace donation decisions involving modest amounts of money, which either take place in private, or are observed by others. We find robust evidence that public recognition can decrease donation likelihood. Further, we demonstrate that this effect operates through a self-signaling mechanism: public recognition creates ambi...
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Top fields of study
Psychology
Cognition
Visual perception
Cognitive psychology
Perception
Social psychology