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Trends in Ecology and Evolution
Papers 6498
1 page of 650 pages (6,498 results)
Published on May 1, 2019in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.24
Michael Sievers6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Griffith University),
Michael Sievers + 4 AuthorsRod Martin Connolly44
Estimated H-index: 44
Habitat loss is accelerating a global extinction crisis. Conservation requires understanding links between species and habitats. Emerging research is revealing important associations between vegetated coastal wetlands and marine megafauna, such as cetaceans, sea turtles, and sharks. But these links have not been reviewed and the importance of these globally declining habitats is undervalued. Here, we identify associations for 102 marine megafauna species that utilize these habitats, increasing t...
Published on May 1, 2019in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.24
Carol M. Frost5
Estimated H-index: 5
(U of A: University of Alberta),
Warwick J. Allen (LU: Lincoln University (Pennsylvania))+ 3 AuthorsDavid A. Wardle88
Estimated H-index: 88
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University)
Understanding and predicting biological invasions is challenging because of the complexity of many interacting players. A holistic approach is needed with the potential to simultaneously consider all relevant effects and effectors. Using networks to describe the relevant anthropogenic and ecological factors, from community-level to global scales, promises advances in understanding aspects of invasion from propagule pressure, through establishment, spread, and ecological impact of invaders. These...
Published on May 1, 2019in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.24
Dustin R. Rubenstein27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Columbia University),
J. Arvid Ågren (Harvard University)+ 8 AuthorsAmy L. Toth26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Iowa State University)
Although social behavior can have a strong genetic component, it can also result in selection on genome structure and function, thereby influencing the evolution of the genome itself. Here we explore the bidirectional links between social behavior and genome architecture by considering variation in social and/or mating behavior among populations (social polymorphisms) and across closely related species. We propose that social behavior can influence genome architecture via associated demographic ...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.24
Michael J. Benton66
Estimated H-index: 66
(UoB: University of Bristol),
Danielle Dhouailly25
Estimated H-index: 25
+ 1 AuthorsMaria E. McNamara12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UCC: University College Cork)
Feathers have long been regarded as the innovation that drove the success of birds. However, feathers have been reported from close dinosaurian relatives of birds, and now from ornithischian dinosaurs and pterosaurs, the cousins of dinosaurs. Incomplete preservation makes these reports controversial. If true, these findings shift the origin of feathers back 80 million years before the origin of birds. Gene regulatory networks show the deep homology of scales, feathers, and hairs. Hair and feathe...
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.24
Weihua Xu21
Estimated H-index: 21
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Stuart L. Pimm73
Estimated H-index: 73
(Duke University)
+ 5 AuthorsZhiyun Ouyang45
Estimated H-index: 45
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
We discuss institutional reforms to China’s protected area management. Currently (as elsewhere), protected areas suffer fragmented management, lack of a comprehensive classification, inadequate coverage of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and divided, inconsistent legislation. We recommend establishing a new system of protected area management that can address past difficulties by using ongoing institutional reforms as unprecedented opportunities.
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.24
Benjamin B. Parrott9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UGA: University of Georgia),
Emily M. Bertucci (UGA: University of Georgia)
The development of ‘epigenetic clocks’ is changing how biomedical scientists approach age-associated disease and leads to new insights and questions of wider significance. We highlight recent findings concerning epigenetic aging and discuss their relevance to life history evolution and their potential for advancing the field of ecological and evolutionary aging.
Published on May 1, 2019in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.24
Raúl A. González-Pech2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Debashish Bhattacharya64
Estimated H-index: 64
(RU: Rutgers University)
+ 1 AuthorsCheong Xin Chan19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UQ: University of Queensland)
Coral reefs are sustained by symbioses between corals and symbiodiniacean dinoflagellates. These symbioses vary in the extent of their permanence in and specificity to the host. Although dinoflagellates are primarily free-living, Symbiodiniaceae diversified mainly as symbiotic lineages. Their genomes reveal conserved symbiosis-related gene functions and high sequence divergence. However, the evolutionary mechanisms that underpin the transition from the free-living lifestyle to symbiosis remain p...
Published on May 1, 2019in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.24
Phil O’B. Lyver9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Landcare Research),
Puke Timoti3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 1 AuthorsJason M. Tylianakis40
Estimated H-index: 40
(Cant.: University of Canterbury)
Indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLC) often use natural resources as both a reason and mechanism for environmental management, yet a number of environmental, social, and economic drivers disrupt this relationship. Here, we argue that these drivers can also trigger a set of feedback mechanisms that further diminish the efficacy of local management. We call this process biocultural hysteresis. These feedbacks, which include knowledge loss and a breakdown of social hierarchies, prevent IP...
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.24
Axel G. Rossberg24
Estimated H-index: 24
(QMUL: Queen Mary University of London),
György Barabás13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Linköping University)
+ 5 AuthorsGéza Meszéna21
Estimated H-index: 21
(ELTE: Eötvös Loránd University)
A tangled web of vicious circles, driven by cultural issues, has prevented ecology from growing strong theoretical roots. Now this hinders development of effective conservation policies. To overcome these barriers in view of urgent societal needs, we propose a global network of postgraduate theoretical training programs.
Published on May 1, 2019in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.24
Fabrice Requier8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Würzburg),
Lionel Garnery26
Estimated H-index: 26
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
+ 4 AuthorsIngolf Steffan-Dewenter76
Estimated H-index: 76
(University of Würzburg)
Recent studies have emphasized the role of the western honey bee, Apis mellifera , as a managed agricultural species worldwide, but also as a potential threat to endangered wild pollinators. This has resulted in the suggestion that honey bees should be regulated in natural areas to conserve wild pollinators. We argue that this perspective fails to appreciate the multifaceted nature of honey bees as native or introduced species with either managed or wild colonies. Wild populations of A. mellifer...