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Trends in Ecology and Evolution
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Papers 6514
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#1Rachel E. Paseka (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 1
Last. Elizabeth T. BorerH-Index: 44
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Despite the ubiquity of pathogens in ecological systems, their roles in influencing ecosystem services are often overlooked. Pathogens that infect primary producers (i.e., plants, algae, cyanobacteria) can have particularly strong effects because autotrophs are responsible for a wide range of provisioning, regulating, and cultural services. We review the roles of pathogens in mediating ecosystem services provided by autotrophs and outline scenarios in which infection may lead to unexpected outco...
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#1Saori Fujii (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 11
#2Matty P. Berg (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 36
Last. Johannes H. C. Cornelissen (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 65
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Understanding what drives soil fauna species composition through space and time is crucial because we should preserve soil fauna biodiversity and its key role in ecosystem functioning in this era of fast environmental change. As plant leaf litter provides both food and habitat for soil fauna, a focus on litter traits that relate to these two functions will help in understanding soil invertebrate community structure and dynamics comprehensively. To advance this agenda, we propose a conceptual fra...
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#1Kathryn Lord (Broad Institute)H-Index: 6
#2Greger Larson (University of Oxford)H-Index: 34
Last. Elinor K. Karlsson (UMMS: University of Massachusetts Medical School)H-Index: 28
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#1Belinda Van Heerwaarden (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 14
#2Vanessa Kellermann (Monash University, Clayton campus)
Studies suggest that many species are already living close to their upper physiological thermal limits. Phenotypic plasticity is thought to be an important mechanism for species to counter rapid environmental change, yet the extent to which plastic responses may buffer projected climate change – and what limits the evolution of plasticity – is still unclear. The tolerance–plasticity trade-off hypothesis predicts that the evolution of plasticity may be constrained by a species’ thermal tolerance....
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#1Robert A. Montgomery (University of Oxford)H-Index: 14
#2David W. Macdonald (University of Oxford)H-Index: 89
Abstract Many have stridently recommended banning markets like the one where COVID-19 originally spread. We highlight that millions of people around the world depend on markets for subsistence and the diverse use of animals globally defies uniform bans. We argue that the immediate and fair priority is critical scrutiny of wildlife trade.
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#1Stefano Mammola (National Research Council)H-Index: 11
#1Stefano Mammola (National Research Council)H-Index: 2
In an environment where the impact of research is central, scientists face the dilemma of choosing between orthodox writing for objectivity and sensational writing to provoke interest. The use of superlatives in high-ranking ecology journals has increased significantly in recent years, a writing behavior that works against scientific objectivity.
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Endothermy alters the energetic relationships between organisms and their environment and thereby influences fundamental niches. Endothermy is closely tied to energy metabolism. Regulation of energy balance is indispensable for all life and regulatory pathways increase in complexity from bacteria to vertebrates. Increasing complexity of metabolic networks also increase the probability for endothermic phenotypes to appear. Adaptive arguments are problematic epistemologically because the regulator...
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With climate warming, organisms are shifting their ranges towards the poles, tracking their optimal thermal environments. Day-length, the driver of daily and annual timing, is, however, fixed by latitude and date. Timing and photoreception mechanisms adapted to ancestral photic environments may restrict range-shift capacity, resulting in photic barriers to range-shifts.
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