Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Papers 2037
1 page of 204 pages (2,037 results)
#1Alison Jing Xu (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 11
#2Maria A Rodas (SC: University of Southern California)
Last. Carlos Javier Torelli (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 17
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Abstract Although past research suggests that people are more likely to donate money to nearby causes to maximize their positive impact on others’ lives, donations to foreign causes are growing rapidly. Incorporating both other-focused impact goals and self-focused moral goals into our conceptualization, we propose that an interplay between the accessibility of impact/moral goals and the spatial distance between donors and recipients of charitable causes (e.g., faraway vs. nearby recipients) inf...
Abstract Cognitive reappraisal can benefit employees, in terms of their emotional health. However, we propose that reappraisal can also entail hidden costs. Drawing on social-functionalist emotions theory, we posit that the use of reappraisal to control negative self-conscious emotions (guilt and shame) results in both positive employee outcomes (increased satisfaction, decreased burnout) and negative employee outcomes (increased counterproductive workplace behaviors (CWBs)). In Study 1, employe...
#1Omar Khalifa Burhan (LEI: Leiden University)H-Index: 2
#2Esther van Leeuwen (LEI: Leiden University)H-Index: 12
Last. Daan Scheepers (LEI: Leiden University)H-Index: 19
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Abstract Nepotism is often condemned, but little is known about what people construe as nepotism, and why it is considered problematic. In five experiments, conducted in Indonesia and the U.S.A., we addressed the question whether the employment of a competent family member is considered just as nepotistic and unfair as the employment of a less competent family member. In Studies 1 (N = 101) and 2 (N = 200), participants construed the hiring of a relative within the same organization as nepotism,...
#1Jiyin Cao (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 2
#2Adam D. Galinsky (Columbia University)H-Index: 68
Abstract Generalized trust is critical for societies and organizations because it facilitates cooperation beyond the circle of familiar individuals. In contrast to specific trust, which is contained within a relationship, generalized trust represents one’s general willingness to trust others before knowing any specific information about a partner. We present a new theoretical model—the Diversity-Uncertainty-Valence (DUV) Model of Generalized Trust Development—which identifies the factors that de...
#1Marlon Mooijman (Rice University)
#2Maryam Kouchaki (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 14
Last. Jesse Graham (UofU: University of Utah)H-Index: 27
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Abstract Across seven studies (five preregistered), we show that power reduces the degree to which people morally condemn transgressions that elicit disgust. This effect is explained by power reducing the subjective experience of disgust instead of the categorization of behaviors as disgusting. Power does not reliably reduce other negative emotions besides disgust and the impact of power on disgust and moral judgment is attenuated when participants are instructed to appraise impure behaviors as ...
#1Erika Kirgios (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)
#2Edward H. Chang (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 2
Last. Katherine L. Milkman (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 23
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Abstract Past research demonstrates that people prefer to affiliate with others who resemble them demographically. However, we posit that when competing for scarce opportunities, strategic considerations moderate the strength of this tendency toward homophily. Across six experiments, we find that anticipated competition weakens people’s desire to join groups that include similar others. When expecting to compete against fellow group members, women are more willing to join all-male groups and Bla...
#1Jana GallusH-Index: 7
#2Sudeep Bhatia (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 7
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Abstract This paper studies the conversations behind the operations of a large-scale, online knowledge production community: Wikipedia. We investigate gender differences in the conversational styles (emotionality) and conversational domain choices (controversiality and gender stereotypicality of content) among contributors, and how these differences change as we look up the organizational hierarchy. In the general population of contributors, we expect and find significant gender differences, whe...
#1Pavel AtanasovH-Index: 9
#2Jens Witkowski (Frankfurt School of Finance & Management)
Last. Philip E. Tetlock (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 75
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Abstract Laboratory research has shown that both underreaction and overreaction to new information pose threats to forecasting accuracy. This article explores how real-world forecasters who vary in skill attempt to balance these threats. We distinguish among three aspects of updating: frequency, magnitude, and confirmation propensity. Drawing on data from a four-year forecasting tournament that elicited over 400,000 probabilistic predictions on almost 500 geopolitical questions, we found that th...
#1Brent J. Lyons (York University)H-Index: 7
#1Brent John Lyons (York University)
Last. Tiffany Dawn Johnson (Georgia Institute of Technology)
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Abstract We examine how heterosexual employees respond to different gay and lesbian disclosure tactics aimed at de-stigmatizing the gay or lesbian identity. Drawing from theories of stigma disclosure, inter-group social identity threat, and heterosexual identity development, we examine how heterosexual employees’ responses to de-stigmatizing disclosure can be explained by their experience of heterosexual identity threat (i.e. the appraisal of disclosure as harmful to the value, meaning, and enac...
#1Michael Yeomans (Harvard University)H-Index: 5
#2Julia A. Minson (Harvard University)H-Index: 10
Last. Francesca Gino (Harvard University)H-Index: 51
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Abstract We examine “conversational receptiveness” – the use of language to communicate one’s willingness to thoughtfully engage with opposing views. We develop an interpretable machine-learning algorithm to identify the linguistic profile of receptiveness (Studies 1A-B). We then show that in contentious policy discussions, government executives who were rated as more receptive - according to our algorithm and their partners, but not their own self-evaluations - were considered better teammates,...
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Social relation
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