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International Journal of Drug Policy
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Abstract Background Since 2016, an increasing number of states have passed laws restricting the days’ supply for opioid prescriptions, yet little is known about how these laws affect patients. This study evaluates the effect of the Tennessee Prescription Regulatory Act, which was implemented on Oct. 1st, 2013 and restricted the maximum days’ supply that could be dispensed for any opioid prescription by any prescriber to 30 days, on patients receiving long-term opioid treatment. Methods A quasi e...
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#1Camila Couto e Cruz (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 3
#2Caroline Salom (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 11
Last.Rosa Alati (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 35
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Aims People who inject drugs frequently experience discrimination. However, little is known about how discrimination experienced in different social domains is linked to health and wellbeing. Design We used data collected in 2016 from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), an Australian survey of people who inject drugs. We used a modified version of the Discrimination Scale (DISC-12) to assess discriminatory behaviours in diverse social domains, including public institutions, neighb...
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#1Traci C. Green (Brown University)H-Index: 23
#2Ju Nyeong Park (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 5
Last.Susan G. Sherman (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 36
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Background Fentanyl has caused rapid increases in US and Canadian overdose deaths, yet its presence in illicit drugs is often unknown to consumers. This study examined the validity in identifying the presence of fentanyl of three portable devices that could be used in providing drug checking services and drug supply surveillance: fentanyl test strips, a hand-held Raman Spectrometer, and a desktop Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectrometer. Methods In Fall 2017, we first undertook an assess...
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#1Sarah LarneyH-Index: 22
#2Janni LeungH-Index: 29
Last.Louisa DegenhardtH-Index: 91
view all 14 authors...
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#1Mohammad Karamouzian (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 12
#2Kristi PapamihaliH-Index: 1
Last.Jane A. Buxton (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 28
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Background North America is in the midst of an opioid overdose epidemic and it is commonly suggested that exposure to fentanyl is unknown. Using a provincial survey of harm reduction site clients, we aimed to characterize known and unknown fentanyl use and their correlates among people who use drugs in British Columbia, Canada. Methods We recruited 486 clients who were >18 years old and 316 agreed to provide a urine sample for substance use testing. Reported known fentanyl use was defin...
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Abstract Background The Philippines may be the face of today's ‘drug wars’, but its experience is by no means exceptional - as the contemporary examples of Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka show. In the early 2000s Thailand's Thaksin Shinawatra also embarked on a ‘drug war’ with striking parallels to the Philippines in terms of its human toll and failed outcomes. This paper uses the framework of populism - defined as a political style - to survey punitive drug regimes in Asia and make sense o...
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#1Kirsten M. A. Trayner (GCU: Glasgow Caledonian University)H-Index: 1
#2Andrew McAuley (GCU: Glasgow Caledonian University)H-Index: 14
Last.Sharon J. Hutchinson (GCU: Glasgow Caledonian University)H-Index: 42
view all 10 authors...
Abstract Background Whilst injecting drugs in public places is considered a proxy for high risk behaviour among people who inject drugs (PWID), studies quantifying its relationship with multiple drug-related harms are lacking and none have examined this in the context of an ongoing HIV outbreak (located in Glasgow, Scotland). We aimed to: 1) estimate the prevalence of public injecting in Scotland and associated risk factors; and 2) estimate the association between public injecting and HIV, curre...
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#1Caroline DalyH-Index: 3
#2Eve Griffin (UCC: University College Cork)H-Index: 6
Last.Ella Arensman (Griffith University)H-Index: 33
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Background Intentional drug overdose (IDO) has been linked with marked increases in premature mortality risk due to suicide, accidents and other causes, yet little is known about how case fatality risk varies according to the type of drug/s taken. This study aimed to examine the incidence of IDO, to identify the predictors of fatal IDO and to establish which drugs are linked with greater risk of a fatal outcome. Methods Data from the National Self-Harm Registry, and the National Drug-Re...
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#1Anna Palmer (Burnet Institute)H-Index: 2
#2Amanda Wade (Barwon Health)H-Index: 6
Last.Nick Scott (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 11
view all 10 authors...
Abstract Background Hepatitis C virus elimination may be possible by scaling up direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment. Due to the safety and simplicity of DAA treatment, primary care-based treatment delivery is now feasible, efficacious and may be cheaper than hospital-based specialist care. In this paper, we use Prime Study data – a randomised controlled trial comparing the uptake of DAA treatment between primary and hospital-based care settings amongst people who inject drugs (PWID) – to est...
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#1Alexandra B. Collins (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 7
#2Jade Boyd (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 7
Last.Ryan McNeil (Yale University)
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Background In response to a fentanyl-driven overdose crisis, low-threshold supervised consumption sites, termed overdose prevention sites (OPS), have been rapidly implemented in Vancouver, Canada. Since approximately 88% of fatal overdoses in the province occur indoors, OPS have been integrated into select non-profit-operated single room accommodations (SRA) housing. We examined the social-structural features of these housing-based OPS (HOPS) on women's overdose risk. Methods Ethnograph...
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