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New Phytologist
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#1Jun Yang (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 2
#2Yu Chang (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 2
Last. Yusen Wang (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)
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Lamin proteins in animals are implicated in important nuclear functions, including chromatin organization, signaling transduction, gene regulation, and cell differentiation. Nuclear Matrix Constituent Proteins (NMCPs) are lamin analogues in plants, but their regulatory functions remain largely unknown. We report that OsNMCP1 is localized at the nuclear periphery and induced by drought stress. OsNMCP1 overexpression resulted in a deeper and thicker root system and enhanced drought resistance comp...
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#1Yuan GuoH-Index: 1
#2Werner JudH-Index: 13
Last. Maaria RosenkranzH-Index: 9
view all 7 authors...
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) play vital roles in the interaction of fungi with plants and other organisms. A systematic research on the global fungal VOC profiles is still lacking, though it is a prerequisite for elucidating the mechanisms of VOCs-mediated interactions. Here we present a versatile system enabling a high-throughput screening of fungal VOCs under controlled temperature. In a proof-of-principle experiment, we characterized the volatile metabolic fingerprints of four Trichoderm...
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#1Udhaya Ponraj (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 1
#2Klaus Theres (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 20
In many seed plants, perennialism is achieved through axillary buds and side shoots that remain vegetative. This work aimed to analyse the pattern of axillary bud (AB) formation in the perennial model plant Arabis alpina and to study the role of the LATERAL SUPPRESSOR (AaLAS) gene. This study combines stereomicroscopic analysis with RNA sequencing to monitor the correlation between patterns of AB formation and gene expression. The role of AaLAS was studied using an RNAi approach. During vegetati...
1 CitationsSource
#1Shahnaj Parvin (SCU: Southern Cross University)H-Index: 5
#2Shihab Uddin (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 5
Last. Michael Tausz (Central Queensland University)H-Index: 37
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Photosynthetic stimulation by elevated [CO2 ] (e[CO2 ]) may be limited by the capacity of sink organs to use photosynthates. In many legumes, N2 -fixing symbionts in root nodules provide an additional sink, so that legumes may be better able to profit from e[CO2 ]. However, drought not only constrains photosynthesis but also size and activity of sinks, and little is known about the interaction of e[CO2 ] and drought on carbon sink strength of nodules and other organs. To compare carbon sink stre...
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#1W. Scott Armbruster (University of Portsmouth)H-Index: 44
Last. Nathan Muchhala (UMSL: University of Missouri–St. Louis)H-Index: 17
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Plants sometimes suffer mechanical injury. The nonlethal collapse of a flowering stalk, for example, can greatly reduce plant fitness if it leads to 'incorrect' floral orientation and thus reduced visitation or poor pollination. When floral orientation is important for accurate pollination, as has been suggested for bilaterally symmetrical flowers, we predict that such flowers should have developmental and/or behavioural mechanisms for restoring 'correct' orientation after accidents. We made obs...
1 CitationsSource
#1Yujie Wang (UofU: University of Utah)H-Index: 6
#2John S. Sperry (UofU: University of Utah)H-Index: 86
Last. Anna T. Trugman (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 11
view all 5 authors...
Optimal stomatal control models have shown great potential in predicting stomatal behavior and improving carbon cycle modeling. Basic stomatal optimality theory posits that stomatal regulation maximizes the carbon gain relative to a penalty of stomatal opening. All models take a similar approach to calculate instantaneous carbon gain from stomatal opening (the gain function). Where the models diverge is in how they calculate the corresponding penalty (the penalty function). In this review, we co...
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#1Merten Ehmig (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 1
#2H. Peter Linder (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 39
Plants use roots to access soil resources, so differences in root traits and their ecological consequences could be a mechanism of species coexistence and niche divergence. Current views of the evolution of root diversity are informed by large-scale evolutionary analyses based on taxonomically coarse sampling and led to the "root trait phylogenetic conservatism hypothesis". Here we test this hypothesized conservatism among closely related species, and whether root variation plays an ecological r...
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#1Shigeyuki Tanaka (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 10
#2Isabelle Gollin (MPG: Max Planck Society)
Last. Regine Kahmann (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 65
view all 4 authors...
The biotrophic fungus Ustilago maydis causes the smut disease of maize. The interaction with its host and induction of characteristic tumors are governed largely by secreted effectors whose function is mostly unknown. To identify effectors with a prominent role in virulence, we used RNA sequencing and found that the gene sta1 is upregulated during early stages of infection. We characterized Sta1 by comparative genomics, reverse genetics, protein localization, stress assays, and microscopy. sta1 ...
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#1Leonie Grünfeld (FU: Free University of Berlin)
#2Monika WulfH-Index: 20
Last. Stavros D. Veresoglou (FU: Free University of Berlin)H-Index: 23
view all 5 authors...
: Arbuscular mycorrhiza represents an ubiquitous nutritional symbiosis between the roots of most terrestrial plant species and fungi of the subphylum Glomeromycotina (Spatafora et al., 2016). Terrestrial habitats are unlikely to be limited in propagules of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), because AMF propagule densities build up fast in vegetated soil (e.g. Gould et al., 1996). We start to appreciate, however, that shortages in AMF propagules are common in some habitats, such as agricultural ...
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#1Sumudu S. Karunadasa (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 1
#2Jasmina Kurepa (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 19
Last. Jan A. Smalle (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 23
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Cytokinins control critical aspects of plant development and environmental responses. Perception of cytokinin ultimately leads to the activation of proteins belonging to the type-B Response Regulator family of cytokinin response activators. In Arabidopsis thaliana, ARR1 is one of the most abundantly expressed type-B Response Regulators. We investigated the link between cytokinin signaling, protein synthesis, plant growth, and osmotic stress tolerance. We show that the increased cytokinin signali...
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Top fields of study
Photosynthesis
Ecology
Mycorrhiza
Biochemistry
Botany
Biology