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Psychology and Aging
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Papers 2618
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During learning, a shift in processing often occurs with task experience, where initial slow, algorithmic processing proceeds into fast, retrieval-based processing. Older adults are slower than young adults in the rate at which this shift occurs, in part due to a reluctance to use a retrieval strategy. The present research employed task materials that alleviate age-related differences in associative memory so that participants could rely on prior knowledge or schematic support. The goal was to d...
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#1Adele M. TaylorH-Index: 9
#2Stuart J. RitchieH-Index: 9
Last. Ian J. DearyH-Index: 128
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[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported online in Psychology and Aging on Mar 5 2020 (see record 2020-16850-001). This article should have been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0). Therefore, the article was amended to list the authors as copyright holders, and information about the terms of the CC BY 3.0 was added to the author note. In addition, the article is now open access. All versions of this article have been corrected.] ...
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#1Catherine ThevenotH-Index: 16
#2Jasinta D. M. DewiH-Index: 1
Last. Caroline CastelH-Index: 8
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In contrast to other cognitive abilities, arithmetic skills are known to be preserved in healthy elderly adults. In fact, they would even outperform young adults because they more often retrieve arithmetic facts from long-term memory. Nevertheless, we suggest here that the superiority of older over younger adults could also stem from the use of more efficient automated and unconscious counting procedures. We tested 35 older participants using the sign priming paradigm and selected the 18 most ef...
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#1Mary B. Hargis (TCU: Texas Christian University)H-Index: 3
#2Mary C. Whatley (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)
Last. Alan D. Castel (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 32
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People see themselves as better than average in many domains, from leadership skills to driving ability. However, many people-especially older adults-struggle to remember others' names, and many of us are aware of this struggle. Our beliefs about our memory for names may be different from other information; perhaps forgetting names is particularly salient. We asked younger and older adults to rate themselves compared with others their age on several socially desirable traits (e.g., honesty); the...
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#1Konstantinos Mantantzis (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 2
#2Johanna Drewelies (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 6
Last. Denis Gerstorf (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 32
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Adequate hydration is essential for health, with even mild forms of dehydration often having negative effects on cognition and well-being. Despite evidence of higher risk for dehydration among older adults, links between dehydration and cognitive or well-being outcomes have not been established in old age. In this study, we used longitudinal data from the Berlin Aging Study II (age range 60-89) to investigate whether trajectories of cognitive functioning (digit symbol, N = 1,111) and well-being ...
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#1Ursula M. Staudinger (Columbia University)H-Index: 9
#2Yan-Liang Yu (Columbia University)
Last. Bin Cheng (Columbia University)
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This study examined whether the degree of novel information processing at work (NPW) attenuates cognitive aging across 14 years for adults 50+ in the United States and how NPW links with job complexity. To answer these questions, we used data (N = 4,252) from the Health and Retirement Study. Detailed information on occupational characteristics from O*Net between 2000 and 2014 was used to assess NPW and matched with participants' occupational codes across time. Multilevel transition models were e...
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Subjective well-being is often characterized by average stability across old age, but individual differences are substantial and not yet fully understood. This study targets physical and cognitive health and personality as individual difference characteristics and examines their unique and interactive roles for level and change in a number of different facets of subjective well-being. We make use of medical diagnoses, performance-based indicators of physical (grip strength) and cognitive functio...
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Recent meta-analyses reveal age-related declines in short-term memory (STM), working memory, associative memory, prospective memory, face memory, recognition, and recall. The present meta-analyses extend this work beyond predominantly laboratory-based tasks to a naturalistic phenomenon. Flashbulb memories are vivid autobiographical recollections for the circumstances in which one learns of a distinct event that may be surprising, emotional, or personally important (the reception event). The exis...
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#1David P. Corina (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 31
#2Lucinda O'Grady Farnady (SDSU: San Diego State University)H-Index: 1
Last. Ursula Bellugi (Salk Institute for Biological Studies)H-Index: 70
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The study of deaf users of signed languages, who often experience delays in primary language (L1) acquisition, permits a unique opportunity to examine the effects of aging on the processing of an L1 acquired under delayed or protracted development. A cohort of 107 congenitally deaf adult signers ages 45-85 years who were exposed to American Sign Language (ASL) either in infancy, early childhood, or late childhood were tested using an ASL sentence repetition test. Participants repeated 20 sentenc...
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#1Michael A. HoytH-Index: 14
Last. Suzanne C. SegerstromH-Index: 38
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Emotional approach coping involves active attempts at emotional expression and processing in response to stressful circumstances. This study tested whether dispositional emotional approach coping processes predict changes in physical and mental health in community-dwelling older adults, particularly within the context of higher perceived stress. To test this, older adults (N = 150) completed assessments of emotional expression and emotional processing at study entry. They also completed measures...
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