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Experimental Brain Research
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Papers 15295
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#1Viktoria Kortuem (CAU: University of Kiel)
#2Navah Ester Kadish (CAU: University of Kiel)
Last.V. Moliadze (CAU: University of Kiel)H-Index: 2
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This study investigates the effect of corticospinal excitability during sham stimulation on the individual response to transcranial non-invasive brain stimulation (tNIBS). Thirty healthy young adults aged 24.2 ± 2.8 S.D. participated in the study. Sham, as well as 1 mA of tRNS and 140 Hz tACS stimulation were applied for 10 min each at different sessions. The effect of each stimulation type was quantified by recording TMS-induced, motor evoked potentials (MEPs) before (baseline) and at fixed tim...
Children show motor learning deficits relative to adults across a diverse range of tasks. One mechanism that has been proposed to underlie these differences is the contribution of online and offline components to overall learning; however, these tasks have almost focused exclusively on sequence learning paradigms which are characterized by performance gains in the offline phase. Here, we examined the role of online and offline learning in a novel motor task which was characterized by warm-up dec...
#1Behzad Lahouti (MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)
#2Evan James Lockyer (MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)H-Index: 2
Last.Duane C. Button (MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)H-Index: 20
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic resistance training on corticospinal excitability and short intracortical inhibition of the biceps brachii. Eight chronic resistance-trained (RT) and eight non-RT participants completed one experimental session including a total of 30 brief (7 s) elbow flexors isometric contractions at various force outputs [15, 25 and 40% of maximum voluntary contraction (MVC)]. Before the contractions, MVC, maximal compound muscle action poten...
#1Madhur Mangalam (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 1
#2Sarah A. Cutts (UGA: University of Georgia)
Last.Dorothy M. Fragaszy (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 38
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While reaching for a coffee cup, we are aware that the hand we see belongs to us and it moves at our will (reflecting our senses of ownership and agency, respectively), and that the cup is within our hand’s reach rather than beyond it (i.e., in reachable space, RS, rather than in non-reachable space, NRS). Accepted psychological explanations of our sense of ownership, sense of agency, and our perception of space surrounding the body as RS or NRS propose a unitary dependence on Euclidean distance...
#1Oliver Seidel (Leipzig University)
#2Daniel Carius (Leipzig University)H-Index: 2
Last.Patrick Ragert (Leipzig University)H-Index: 29
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It is well known that endurance exercise modulates the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and musculoskeletal system. However, knowledge about its effects on brain function and structure is rather sparse. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate exercise-dependent adaptations in neurovascular coupling to different intensity levels in motor-related brain regions. Moreover, expertise effects between trained endurance athletes (EA) and active control participants (ACP) during a cycling test were inves...
#1Rachel Mowbray (Durham University)
#2Janna M. Gottwald (Durham University)
Last.Dorothy Cowie (Durham University)H-Index: 10
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Adults use vision during stepping and walking to fine-tune foot placement. However, the developmental profile of visually guided stepping is unclear. We asked (1) whether children use online vision to fine-tune precise steps and (2) whether precision stepping develops as part of broader visuomotor development, alongside other fundamental motor skills like reaching. With 6-(N = 11), 7-(N = 11), 8-(N = 11)-year-olds and adults (N = 15), we manipulated visual input during steps and reaches. Using m...
#1Katherine Dyke (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 3
#2Georgina M. Jackson (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 25
Last.Stephen R. Jackson (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 33
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Tourette syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by motor and phonic tics. For some, tics can be managed using medication and/or forms of behavioural therapy; however, adverse side effects and access to specialist resources can be barriers to treatment. In this sham-controlled brain stimulation study, we investigated the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the occurrence of tics and motor cortical excitability in individuals aged 16–33 years with Tourette...
#1Takahiro Kishimoto (University of Tokushima)
#2Takaharu Goto (University of Tokushima)H-Index: 6
Last.Tetsuo Ichikawa (University of Tokushima)H-Index: 21
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The prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays an important role in several cognitive functions, such as planning, decision making, and social behavior. We previously reported that periodontal sensory input significantly increases PFC activity during the motor task of maintaining occlusal (biting) force. However, the relationships between periodontal sensation, PFC activity, and the performance of motor tasks have not been evaluated in detail. Therefore, using functional near-infrared spectroscopy, we invest...
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