Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Papers 3070
1 page of 307 pages (3,070 results)
#1Albert Barrocas (Tulane University)H-Index: 2
#2Denise B. Schwartz (Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center)H-Index: 7
Last. Charles M. Mueller (NYU: New York University)
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The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted all aspects of our population. The "Troubling Trichotomy" of what can be done technologically, what should be done ethically, and what must be done legally is a reality during these unusual circumstances. Recent ethical considerations regarding allocation of scarce resources, such as mechanical ventilators, have been proposed. These can apply to other disciplines such as nutrition support, although decisions regarding nutrition support hav...
#1Mohammad Alomari (Cleveland Clinic)
#2Leen Nusairat (Cleveland Clinic)H-Index: 1
Last. Carlos Romero-Marrero (Cleveland Clinic)H-Index: 3
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BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that dysbiosis plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of probiotics on IFALD in patients receiving parenteral support, namely home parenteral nutrition (HPN) and home intravenous fluids (HIVFs). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed charts of patients with intestinal failure who received HPN or HIVF for >2 weeks at our tertiary center between January 200...
#1Antonia Trollip (Boston Children's Hospital)
#2Rachel Lindeback (Boston Children's Hospital)
Last. Katie Banerjee (Boston Children's Hospital)
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BACKGROUND: Families choose pureed blenderized tube feeds (BTFs) over commercial formulas for several reasons, including the ability to provide foods with natural composition, improvements in physiological outcomes, intimate experiences for parental nurturing, and the benefits that come with family inclusion and mealtime engagement. Although dietetic associations cannot, as yet, recommend BTFs, many families still choose to commence them. We aimed to better understand the demographics of these f...
2 CitationsSource
#1Michio MaruyamaH-Index: 9
#2Satoshi GoshiH-Index: 2
Last. Takashi Higashiguchi (Fujita Health University)H-Index: 21
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BACKGROUND: A pectin-containing oligomeric formula (POF) is a unique type of enteral formula that transforms from a liquid to a gel after reacting with gastric acid. Reports on its clinical effects have been limited. The present study was conducted to examine and verify the clinical effects of POF. METHODS: The study subjects were 201 stable patients receiving intragastric tube feeding. They were randomized into 2 groups to receive either POF or a standard polymeric formula (SPF) as a control. T...
1 CitationsSource
#1Mohammad Amin Valizade Hasanloei (Urmia University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 3
#2Mehran Rahimlou (Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 2
Last. Reza Hashemi (Urmia University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 1
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BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 2 forms of vitamin D supplementation on oxidative stress and weaning from the ventilator in patients with traumatic injury and vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: Seventy-two patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: receiving 50,000 IU pearl cholecalciferol daily for 6 days, 1 intramuscular injection of 300,000 IU of cholecalciferol, or a control group that did not receive any supplement. Duration of mechanical ventilation, body...
BACKGROUND: The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition recommends nutrition screening in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and indicates the use of 2 tools: Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) or Nutrition Risk in the Critically Ill (NUTRIC). This study aims to compare nutrition risk detected by NRS 2002 and NUTRIC to identify whether both tools are equivalent for clinical practice in the ICU. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 2 hospita...
#1Mahmoud Al-Kalaldeh (Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan)H-Index: 1
#2Khaled Suleiman (Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan)H-Index: 3
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BACKGROUND: There is still no concrete guidance for assessing malnutrition risk in the critically ill. Nutrition Risk in the Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score is undertaken cautiously compared with other validated tools such as bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). This study aimed to assess the malnutrition risk in the critically ill using NUTRIC score and assess its congruency with the BIA. METHODS: In this cross-section observational study, intensive care unit (ICU) patients from various etiolo...
#1Dan C. Nichols (University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center)
#2Alexander H. Flannery (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 8
Last. Aaron M. Cook (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 16
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BACKGROUND: Prealbumin (PAB) has been shown to be a useful index of nutrition status in clinically stable patients. In the setting of critical illness, however, PAB is a negative acute phase reactant and may also reflect severity of illness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between PAB and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective, nonrandomized cohort study of adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Baseline PAB an...
#1RD Travis Swiatlo (SJSU: San Jose State University)
#2Janine W. Berta (Stanford University)
Last. Kasuen Mauldin (SJSU: San Jose State University)
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BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition (receiving ≥80% of estimated energy requirements [EER]) is important in preventing and treating malnutrition and improving clinical outcomes. In conventional rate-based tube feeding (RBTF), patients are prescribed a constant infusion rate. Per volume-based tube feeding (VBTF), the hourly infusion rate can be increased (max 150 mL/h) to make up for feeding deficits, ensuring patients receive the targeted 24-hour volume. This study compared clinical outcomes between ...
#1Jayshil J. Patel (MCW: Medical College of Wisconsin)H-Index: 12
#2Todd W. Rice (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 35
Last. Daren K. Heyland (Queen's University)H-Index: 89
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: The current recommendation for protein dose in critically ill patients is 1.2-2.0 g/kg/d. Despite this recommendation, there is significant variation in the amount of protein prescribed and delivered worldwide. We contend clinical equipoise, or a state of genuine uncertainty about 2 (dosing) strategies, exists because guideline-based recommendations for protein dose in critically ill patients are rooted in a weak evidentiary base, leaving the clinician with no good basis for choosing a lower o...
1 CitationsSource
Top fields of study
Intensive care medicine
Enteral administration
Diabetes mellitus
Parenteral nutrition