Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
Papers 2978
1 page of 298 pages (2,978 results)
Abstract Background and aims Reverse J- or U-shaped associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations and cardiovascular outcomes have been reported, which need clarifications in older adults. Physical activity, correlating with both serum 25[OH]D concentration and cardiovascular health, may have an effect on the dose-relationships. Methods At baseline, 2790 participants aged 65 years and over, free of vitamin D supplementation use, had assays for serum 25[OH]D concentratio...
Structured abstract Background and Aims Several studies have shown that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogues can affect resting energy expenditure, and preclinical studies suggest that they may activate brown adipose tissue (BAT). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of treatment with liraglutide on energy metabolism and BAT fat fraction in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods and Results In a 26-week double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 50 patients with type 2 di...
Abstract Objectives Pediatric obesity and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are associated with cardiometabolic risk (CMR), but the degree of severity at which SDB affects cardiometabolic health is unknown. We assessed the relationship between the CMR and the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), tending to identify a threshold of AHI from which an increase in the CMR is observed, in adolescents with obesity. We also compared the clinical, cardiometabolic and sleep characteristics between adolescents prese...
#1Alessandro Mattina (University of Palermo)H-Index: 10
#2Antonina Giammanco (University of Palermo)H-Index: 5
Last.A. Gallo (Core Laboratories)H-Index: 4
view all 14 authors...
Abstract Background Mediterranean diet (MD) affects the risk of myocardial infarction and long-term prognosis after a coronary event. Limited data are available regarding the influence of MD on short-term prognosis. We assessed the impact of the MD adherence on in-hospital and short-term outcome in patients with first ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). Methods 533 European patients with STEMI and no previous history of coronary artery disease were included in this analysis. Previous die...
Abstract Objective To explore the prevalence of unknown diabetes (DM) or prediabetes (pre-DM) in “nondiabetic” patients and its association with 2-year clinical outcomes after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods 5 202 consecutive “nondiabetic” patients who underwent primary PCI at Fuwai Hospital from January to December 2013 were prospectively enrolled. The patients were grouped according to their glycemia status: unknown DM (HbA1c≥47 mmol/L; FPG≥ 7.0 mmol/L), pre-DM (HbA1c...
Abstract Background and aims: Mediterranean diet has been associated with decreased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Both fish and olive oil are key components of this diet. Therefore, we compared their effects on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and atherogenesis in a mouse model, fed a high fat diet. Methods and results Forty nine, female LDL receptor knockout (LDLR KO) mice were allocated into 3 groups and fed an atherogenic high fat (HF) diet for 9 weeks. The HF group was fed ...
Abstract Background and Aims Studies indicated that risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in association to greater adherence to low carbohydrate diet (LCD) differs in various populations. In the current study, we aimed to assess the association of LCD score with risk of CVD events in a prospective population-based study. Methods CVD free participants (n=2188) were recruited from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (2006-2008) and followed for a mean of 6.7 years. Using a valid and reliable 168 it...
Abstract Background and Aim Olive oil consumption has been suggested to favorably impact children’s health. The present study aimed to identify possible associations between exclusive olive oil consumption and metabolic indices and lifestyle factors. Methods and Results Cross-sectional, observational study. Population data derived from a health survey on a sample of 177 091 children aged 8 to 17 years. Olive oil consumption and dietary habits were evaluated using questionnaires (KIDMED index). A...
Abstract Background and aims atherosclerosis and cancer share several risk factors suggesting that at least in part their pathogenesis is sustained by common mechanisms. To investigate this relation we followed a group of subjects with carotid atherosclerosis at baseline up for malignancy development. Methods and results we carried out an observational study exploring cancer incidence (study endpoint) in subjects with known carotid atherosclerosis at baseline (n=766) without previous cancer or c...
Top fields of study
Body mass index
Diabetes mellitus