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Journal of Phonetics
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2.46
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1155
Papers 1733
1 page of 174 pages (1,733 results)
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#1Christoph Rühlemann (University of Freiburg)
#2Stefan Th. Gries (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 30
Abstract Turn transition in talk-in-interaction is achieved with remarkable precision, most commonly following a gap of no more than 200 ms (e.g., Stivers et al., 2009). How the precision is achieved is a complex issue given the wide range of variables co-participants to talk-in-interaction deploy to project (as speakers) and predict (as listeners) turn completion. This paper aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of one such variable used by speakers to project turn-completion: changes in...
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#1Hannah King (University of Paris)
#2Emmanuel Ferragne (Paris III: University of Paris III: Sorbonne Nouvelle)
Abstract This paper presents acoustic and articulatory data from prevocalic /r/ in the non-rhotic variety of English spoken in England, Anglo-English. Although traditional descriptions suggest that Anglo-English /r/ is produced using a tip-up tongue configuration, ultrasound data from 24 speakers show similar patterns of lingual variation to those reported in rhotic varieties, with a continuum of possible tongue shapes from bunched to retroflex. However, the number of Anglo-English speakers usin...
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#1Heini KallioH-Index: 1
#2Antti SuniH-Index: 15
Last. Martti VainioH-Index: 21
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Abstract Prosodic characteristics, such as lexical and phrasal stress, are one of the most challenging features for second language (L2) speakers to learn. The ability to quantify language learners’ proficiency in terms of prosody can be of use to language teachers and improve the assessment of L2 speaking skills. Automatic assessment, however, requires reliable automatic analyses of prosodic features that allow for the comparison between the productions of L2 speech and reference samples. In th...
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#1Christian Thiele (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)
#2Christine Mooshammer (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 13
Last. Peter Birkholz (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 12
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Abstract Loops are well known as the elliptical tongue fleshpoint paths in vowel-consonant-vowel (VCV) sequences with a velar consonant. However, the discussion about the relative influences of aerodynamics, active motor control and biomechanics on loops is controversial. In order to characterize the biomechanical influence, the design of the current study was specifically based on V1-V2-V1 sequences with no consonants involved, recorded by means of electromagnetic articulography (EMA). In this ...
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Abstract One factor known to affect a second language learner’s pronunciation accuracy of non-native sounds is their perception accuracy of the same sounds. However, it is not clear how stable the relationship between the two modalities is when production is cued by perception or other input sources, such as orthography, which is also known to affect production of non-native sounds. We examined whether the relationship between perception and production of non-native sounds varies as a result of ...
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#1Marina Frank (University of Marburg)
#2Beeke Muhlack (University of Marburg)
Last. Mathias Scharinger (University of Marburg)H-Index: 12
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Abstract The perception of vowels such as [a] or [i] is based on their spectral properties, i.e. resonance frequencies (formants), and on fundamental frequency (f0). Yet, it is unclear whether early neural indices of vowel processing are predominantly driven by f0 or by formant frequencies. A candidate neural index of early acoustic processing is the N1, a negative evoked potential of the human electroencephalogram (EEG), peaking between 80 and 150 ms after stimulus onset. The N1 has been found ...
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#1Jelena KrivokapicH-Index: 9
#2Will Styler (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
Last. Benjamin ParrellH-Index: 6
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Abstract Studies examining articulatory characteristics of pauses have identified language-specific postures of the vocal tract in inter-utterance pauses and different articulatory patterns in grammatical and non-grammatical pauses. Pause postures—specific articulatory movements that occur during pauses at strong prosodic boundaries—have been identified for Greek and German. However, the cognitive function of these articulations has not been examined so far. We start addressing this question by ...
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#1Rachel Smith (Glas.: University of Glasgow)H-Index: 7
#2Tamara Rathcke (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 7
Abstract Accentual prominence has well-documented effects on various phonetic properties, including timing, vowel quality, amplitude, and pitch. These cues can exist in trading relationships and can differ in magnitude in different languages. Less is understood about how phonetic cues to accentuation surface under different phonological constraints, such as those posed by segmental phonology, aspects of the prosodic hierarchy, and intonational phonology. Dialectal comparisons offer a valuable wi...
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#1Marija Tabain (La Trobe University)H-Index: 15
#2Richard Beare (Monash University)H-Index: 24
Abstract This study presents articulometry and palatography data for Arrernte, a language of Central Australia. It examines the contrast between the apical consonants – alveolar versus retroflex – according to lexical stress. Stop, nasal and lateral consonants are treated separately. Results show that the most prototypical retroflex articulation – where the tongue tip is retracted for post-alveolar closure and eventually released at a more anterior location – occurs after a stressed vowel. By co...
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Top fields of study
Psychology
Vowel
Speech recognition
Linguistics
Communication