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Clinical Neurophysiology
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Abstract Objective The scope of unconscious cognition stretched its limits dramatically during the last 40 years, yet most unconscious processes and representations that have been described so far are fleeting and very short-lived, whereas conscious representations can be actively maintained in working memory for a virtually unlimited period. In the present work we aimed at exploring conscious and unconscious lasting (>1 second) expectancy effects. Methods In a series of four experiments we enga...
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Abstract Objective To investigate if changes in brain network function and connectivity contribute to the abnormalities in visual event related potentials (ERP) in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), and explore their relation to a decrease in cognitive performance. Methods We evaluated 72 patients with RRMS and 89 healthy control subjects in a cross-sectional study. Visual ERP were generated using illusory and non-illusory stimuli and recorded using 21 EEG scalp electrodes. The measu...
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Abstract Objective Reading fluency deficits characteristic for reading disorders (RD; F81.0) have been shown to be strongly associated with slow naming speed (e.g. in rapid automatized naming tasks). In contrast, children with an isolated spelling disorder in the context of unimpaired reading skills (iSD; F81.1) show naming speed task performances that are similar to typically developing (TD) children. However, the exact nature of the naming speed deficit and its relation to RD and the question ...
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Abstract Objectives To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the latency difference (DLat) between ulnar and median nerves of the arm after stimulation at the wrist; one of the easiest techniques proposed for recognizing ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). As latency difference is not a standardized technique, we set up a multicenter study to recruit large numbers of normal subjects and patients with UNE or generalized neuropathy. Methods Six centers participated in the study with data ob...
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Abstract Objective To assess the usefulness of upper limb (UE) motor evoked potential (MEPs) as a marker of motor impairment in a cohort of people with progressive multiple sclerosis (PwPMS). Methods we evaluated UE and lower extremities (LE) MEPs, 6-minutes walk-test (6MWT), 10-meter walk-test (10MWT), EDSS, 9-hole peg-test (9HPT), and measures of strength (MRC) and tone (MAS) to the UE and LE in 50 PwPMS (EDSS 4.0-6.5; P≥3, C≤2). Results Bilateral absence of LE-MEPs, found in 74% of cases, was...
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Abstract Objective The project aimed to determine the alterations in the effective connectivity (EC) neural network in patients with insular epilepsy based on interictal high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) from magnetoencephalography (MEG) data. Methods We studied MEG data from 22 insular epilepsy patients and 20 normal subjects. Alterations in spatial pattern and connection properties of the patients with insular epilepsy were investigated in the entire brain network and insula-based network. Re...
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Abstract Objective To assess the value of electrical impedance myography (EIM) in inclusion body myositis (IBM). Methods Patients with clinically defined IBM and healthy controls (HC) of similar age group were recruited. Each participant underwent manual muscle testing (MMT), 6-minute walk test (6MWT), handgrip dynamometry, and IBM-functional rating scale assessment (IBM-FRS). EIM measurements were obtained from bilateral deltoid, biceps, forearm-flexors, quadriceps, tibialis anterior, and media...
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Abstract Objectives Fasciculations are a clinical hallmark of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The Surface Potential Quantification Engine (SPiQE) is a novel analytical tool to identify fasciculation potentials from high-density surface electromyography (HDSEMG). This method was accurate on relaxed recordings amidst fluctuating noise levels. To avoid time-consuming manual exclusion of voluntary muscle activity, we developed a method capable of rapidly excluding voluntary potentials and integ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Elias P. Casula (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 11
#2Michele MaiellaH-Index: 3
Last.Giacomo KochH-Index: 50
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Objective To validate two indexes of interhemispheric signal propagation (ISP) and balance (IHB) by combining transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electroencephalography (EEG). Methods We used TMS-EEG to non-invasively stimulate the two hemispheres of 50 healthy volunteers and measured interhemispheric dynamics in terms of ISP and IHB. We repeated our evaluation after three weeks to assess the reliability of our indexes. We also tested whether our TMS-EEG measures were correlated...
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Top fields of study
Psychology
Neuroscience
Stimulation
Anesthesia
Electroencephalography