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Biological Psychology
Papers 4396
1 page of 440 pages (4,396 results)
Published in Biological Psychology 2.63
Qian Yang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UGent: Ghent University),
Katharina Paul8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UGent: Ghent University),
Geoffrey Pourtois40
Estimated H-index: 40
(UGent: Ghent University)
Abstract Cognitive control is highly dynamic, and liable to variations in the affective state of participants. Recently, we found that defensive motivation, elicited by means of loss-related feedback contingent on task performance, actually increased conflict adaptation at the behavioral level, and hence tightened cognitive control. However, it remains unclear at which stage during stimulus processing this facilitatory effect takes place, and what his electrophysiological manifestation may be. T...
Published in Biological Psychology 2.63
Petra Bachmann1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Trier),
Johannes B. Finke2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Trier)
+ -3 AuthorsHartmut Schächinger35
Estimated H-index: 35
(University of Trier)
Abstract When studying the factors which influence stress reactivity in within-subject designs, test-retest reproducibility data is needed to estimate power and sample size. We report such data regarding a new experimental stress protocol, based on simultaneous application of the socially evaluated, bilateral feet Cold Pressor Test (CPT) and the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT). Cardiovascular, neuroendocrine, and subjective (affective) stress responses of 32 healthy males were measur...
Published on Jul 25, 2019in Biological Psychology 2.63
Maoying Peng (SWU: Southwest University), Shi Wu (SWU: Southwest University)+ 3 AuthorsJuan Yang8
Estimated H-index: 8
(SWU: Southwest University)
Abstract Research on the Sociometer theory of self-esteem have demonstrated that manipulations of interpersonal appraisal reliably influence an individual’s state self-esteem and that state levels of self-esteem correlate very highly with perceived acceptance and rejection. However, how social feedback from different sources (e.g., appearance vs. character) affect the state self-esteem and its neural underpinnings have not been explored. To address this, participants underwent functional magneti...
Published in Biological Psychology 2.63
Bethany G. Edwards1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UNM: University of New Mexico),
Jessica R. Carre2
Estimated H-index: 2
(The Mind Research Network),
Kent A. Kiehl55
Estimated H-index: 55
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
Abstract Although men commit more crime and are incarcerated at higher rates than women, women represent the fastest growing segment of the justice system. Empirical work suggests that psychopathy and Cluster B disorders are implicated in antisocial behavior across gender, and that neurobiological correlates of personality may inform such behavior. This review utilizes a gendered perspective to discuss psychopathy and Cluster B disorders in relation to antisocial behavior and incorporates work o...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Biological Psychology 2.63
Patrick Gomez11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Geneva),
Armin von Gunten21
Estimated H-index: 21
(UNIL: University of Lausanne),
Brigitta Danuser23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Geneva)
Abstract How top-down and bottom-up factors combine to determine eye movements during affective picture viewing is far from being completely understood. We investigated how observers’ fixation frequency and scanpath length – two indices of information seeking and intake – are related to self-reported valence (pleasantness) and arousal and depend on gender, age, and repeated exposure during affective picture viewing. We tracked the eye movements of 157 younger, middle-aged, and older adults when ...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Biological Psychology 2.63
Shiou-Han Yang (CGU: Chang Gung University), Pei-Ning Wang2
Estimated H-index: 2
(NYMU: National Yang-Ming University),
Chia-Hsiung Cheng
Abstract Cognitive changes with aging have been connected to deficiency in early-stage cortical repetition suppression (RS) and mismatch negativity (MMN). Here, we intended to investigate age-associated alterations of auditory RS and MMN by using a roving standard paradigm, and examine their relations to cognitive performances. Twenty-two young and 22 elderly adults were recorded with a magnetoencephalography. The Chinese Version Verbal Learning Test (CVVLT) and Trail Making Test (TMT) were admi...
Published on May 1, 2019in Biological Psychology 2.63
Erin Kang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Tessa Clarkson (SBU: Stony Brook University)+ 2 AuthorsMatthew D. Lerner2
Estimated H-index: 2
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Abstract There are two established electroencephalogram (EEG) indices that putatively relate to anxiety symptoms: a) the error-related negativity (ERN), which reflects endogenous threat sensitivity, and b) resting-state EEG relative right frontal activity (rRFA), which relates to approach/withdrawal motivation. We examined these indices conjointly to better elucidate differential mechanisms underlying the common anxiety phenotype in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), in relation to subje...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Biological Psychology 2.63
J. Buthmann (QC: Queens College), J. Finik (The Graduate Center, CUNY)+ 3 AuthorsYoko Nomura23
Estimated H-index: 23
Abstract We set out to examine the relations between prenatal exposure to the natural disaster Superstorm Sandy, maternal depression, and offspring electrodermal activity (EDA). EDA was measured via skin conductance response (SCR) magnitude in 198 children (M = 42.54 months, SD = 12.76) during a startle paradigm. In keeping with prior research, we expected prenatal depression to be associated with hyporeactive EDA and prenatal stress to be associated with hyperreactive EDA. SCR magnitude was low...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Biological Psychology 2.63
Salvatore Russo (University of Adelaide), Nicholas R. Burns21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Adelaide),
Irina Baetu6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Adelaide)
Abstract We investigated whether the temporal dynamics of attention could be used to reconcile exploitative and explorative attentional learning theories. Participants trained on a categorisation task where some stimuli were predictive (P) of the correct response while others were non-predictive (NP). These stimuli were then used in a dot probe task in which we varied the stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) between the cues and the target. Participants responded faster to the target when it appeared...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Biological Psychology 2.63
Luis Aguado12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Complutense University of Madrid),
Teresa Dieguez-Risco (UEM: European University of Madrid)+ 1 AuthorsJosé A. Hinojosa28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Complutense University of Madrid)
ABSTRACT Faces showing happy, angry or fearful expressions were presented in emotionally congruent or incongruent situational contexts (short sentences describing events that would usually provoke happiness, anger or fear). The participants were assigned the task of judging whether the expression was appropriate or not to the context (congruency judgment task). Effects of emotional congruency were observed at both the behavioral and electrophysiological levels. Behavioral results showed evidence...