Biological Psychology
Papers 4327
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#1Mona M. VogesH-Index: 3
Last. Silja VocksH-Index: 28
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Abstract This study aimed to examine self-body recognition in women with high (HWSC) and low weight and shape concerns (LWSC). Thus, the detection rate, the reaction time and the perceptual threshold for recognizing one’s own body in a morphed body were measured in n = 25 women with HWSC and n = 26 women with LWSC. Furthermore, by using steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEPs), neuronal correlates of body recognition were recorded. The perceptual threshold for recognizing one’s own body wa...
#1Eddie Harmon-Jones (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 69
#2Casey Willoughby (UNSW: University of New South Wales)
Last. Cindy Harmon-Jones (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 22
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Abstract Past psychological theory and research suggests two opposing relationships between effort and reward valuation. Cognitive dissonance theory and research suggests that increased effort is associated with increased reward valuation, whereas theory and research on effort discounting suggests that increased effort is associated with decreased reward valuation. The present research was designed to test these two opposing perspectives, by examining a potential moderator of the relationship be...
#1Qiwei Yang (Chengdu Medical College)H-Index: 3
#2Shiqin Zhou (Chengdu Medical College)
Last. Yan Wu (Chengdu Medical College)H-Index: 2
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Incidental emotions, which are irrelevant to the ongoing decision, plays a significant role in decision-making processes. In this study, we investigated the influence of specific incidental emotions on behavioral, psychological, and electrophysiological responses during the process of decision making. Participants finished a forced-choice gambling task, during which incidental emotions (anger/fear/happy) were elicited by recalling emotional experiences. Behavioral and event-related potential (ER...
#1Ryan Smith (Yale University)H-Index: 2
#2Horst D. Steklis (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 19
Last. Richard D. Lane (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 48
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Abstract We offer an interdisciplinary framework for understanding the expanded capacity for emotional awareness (EA) in humans relative to other animals, synthesizing work within computational neuroscience, evolutionary psychology, and comparative anatomy. We argue that disproportionate cortical expansion during human evolution reflects additional hierarchical levels of processing, allowing representation of multimodal regularities over longer timescales – affording abstract concept learning, i...
#1Ann-Marie Creaven (UL: University of Limerick)H-Index: 7
#2Niamh M. Higgins (Mary Immaculate College)
Last. Stephen Gallagher (UL: University of Limerick)H-Index: 22
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Abstract This study tested two hypotheses of associations between dimensions of social connectedness and cardiovascular reactivity to acute stress: (1) high social support predicts diminished cardiovascular responses to stress (i.e., the stress-buffering model of social support), and (2) diminished cardiovascular responses predict lower social participation, a form of motivated behaviour. Participants (N = 606) in the main Midlife in the United States study completed measures of social support a...
#1Lucas De Zorzi (university of lille)H-Index: 2
Last. Henrique Sequeira (university of lille)H-Index: 21
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Abstract Emotional deficits in major depressive disorder lead to changes in the distribution of attention in the visual field. We investigate the impact of unpleasant and neutral pictures, presented in central (0°) and peripheral vision (12°; 24°), in 15 depression patients (DP) and 15 matched healthy controls (HC). Heart rate, skin conductance responses (SCRs) and electroencephalogram (EEG) were recorded. A spatiotemporal principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to the EEG, and ANCOVAs co...
#1Aimee McKinnon (Cardiff University)H-Index: 1
#2Nicola Susan Gray (Swansea University)H-Index: 33
Last. Robert Jefferson Snowden (Cardiff University)H-Index: 45
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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterised by alterations in the function of the autonomic nervous system. However, it is unclear if this dysfunction is threat-related or related to arousing stimuli in general. Pupillometry offers a simple non-invasive measure of ANS activity that can separate parasympathetic and sympathetic arousal. Participants viewed images with emotional or neutral content: 20 met diagnostic criteria for PTSD, 28 were trauma-exposed (but with no PTSD), and 17 wer...
#1Lara Schenk (University of Luxembourg)
#2Jean T.M. Fischbach (University of Luxembourg)
Last. André Schulz (University of Luxembourg)H-Index: 19
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Abstract Mental disorders with physical symptoms, e.g. somatic symptom disorder, are characterized by altered interoceptive accuracy (IAc), which can be explained by individual differences in interoceptive learning (IL). We investigated if stress facilitates IL. Seventy-three healthy participants performed a heartbeat counting task (HCT: T1) and a heartbeat perception training (HBPT). After exposure to a socially-evaluated cold pressor stress test (SECPT; n = 48) or a control condition (n = 25),...
#1Evelyn GianfranchiH-Index: 3
#2Giovanni MentoH-Index: 14
Last. Mariaelena TagliabueH-Index: 9
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Starting from the evidence that complex tasks (e.g., driving) require lots of cognitive resources, this research aims at assessing the change of attentional electrophysiological correlates during an oddball task performed while driving a simulator. Twenty-four participants drove along six courses on a moped simulator, preceded by a baseline condition (i.e., watching a video clip of one driving course). Throughout the task, an auditory passive multi-feature oddball with both traffic-related and u...
#1Didem Pehlivanoglu (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 1
#2Elisha Myers (UF: University of Florida)
Last. Natalie C. Ebner (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 21
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Abstract Background The neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has been shown to play a role in variety of cognitive and social processes and different hypotheses have been put forth to explain OT’s effects on brain and behavior in humans. However, these previous explanatory accounts do not provide information about OT-related temporal modulation in the brain. Objectives This paper systematically reviewed intranasal OT administration studies employing event-related potentials (ERPs) and synthesized the exis...
Top fields of study
Developmental psychology
Stimulus (physiology)
Social psychology