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Abstract The field of intelligence research has seen more controversies than perhaps any other area of social science. Here we present a scientometric analysis of controversies involving intelligence researchers working in the democratic Western world since 1950. By consulting books and articles, conducting web searches, and contacting some of the individuals involved, we assembled a large database of controversies. Each entry in our database represents a controversy involving a particular indiv...
#1Jonathan Platt (Columbia University)H-Index: 7
#2Katherine M. Keyes (Columbia University)H-Index: 51
Last.Alan S. Kaufman (Yale University)H-Index: 44
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Abstract Generational changes in IQ (the Flynn Effect) have been extensively researched and debated. Within the US, gains of 3 points per decade have been accepted as consistent across age and ability level, suggesting that tests with outdated norms yield spuriously high IQs. However, findings are generally based on small samples, have not been validated across ability levels, and conflict with reverse effects recently identified in Scandinavia and other countries. Using a well-validated measure...
#1Adam Chuderski (Jagiellonian University)H-Index: 9
Abstract General fluid intelligence—the individual ability for abstract reasoning that predicts many professional and daily-life outcomes—has been linked to the efficacy of processing relations. However, how simple relations still require fluid intelligence remains elusive. Across six studies (N = 1040) using the transitive reasoning task, the amount of information to be bound together to select the correct option was consecutively simplified, from binding four symbols into a monotonic order, to...
#1Andrew F. Jarosz (MSU: Mississippi State University)H-Index: 7
#2Megan Raden (MSU: Mississippi State University)
Last.Jennifer Wiley (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 34
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Abstract Despite many studies showing that high working memory capacity (WMC) individuals perform better on analytic reasoning and problem-solving tasks, the cognitive mechanisms underlying these relationships are still under debate. The present work explored the link between WMC and performance on a popular test of fluid intelligence (gF), the Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (RAPM; Raven, Raven, & Court, 1998), with the goal of assessing whether strategies might play a mediating role in t...
#1David Giofre (UniGe: University of Genoa)
#2Massimiliano Pastore (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 17
Last.Enrico Toffalini (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 6
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Abstract A multigroup bifactor model was used to compare the explained variance and the reliability of the general vs. specific factors of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-4th edition (WISC-IV) in 1617 Italian children diagnosed with specific learning disorder (SLD) and an Italian normative sample of typically-developing children (with the exclusion of IQ
#1Kirill G. Miroshnik (SPbU: Saint Petersburg State University)
#2Olga V. Shcherbakova (SPbU: Saint Petersburg State University)
Abstract The question about the relationship between intellectual and creative abilities still remains unresolved. One potential advance in this area of research could be associated with the use of novel methods of divergent thinking assessment. One of the promising tools for assessment of divergent thinking appears to be the old/new scoring method. This study aimed to investigate the role of fluid intelligence in generating “old” (retrieved from memory) and “new” (generated on the spot) ideas d...
#1Ian A. Silver (UC: University of Cincinnati)H-Index: 3
Abstract Objectives Prior scholarship assessing the association between verbal IQ and antisocial behavior has generally assumed that the functional form of the association is linear. Nevertheless, if this assumption is not valid, the interpretations from prior scholarship could be biased. The current study re-examines the functional form of the association between verbal IQ and antisocial behavior to address three limitations in the prior scholarship and four research questions. Methods The curr...
#1Andreas Demetriou (University of Nicosia)H-Index: 1
#2Smaragda Kazi (Panteion University)H-Index: 9
Last.Nikolaos Makris (DUTH: Democritus University of Thrace)H-Index: 3
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Abstract We explored the relations between academic performance, cognition, and personality. This study examined 689 participants from 10 to 17 years of age, by a cognitive battery addressing several reasoning domains (inductive, deductive, quantitative, causal, and spatial), and inventories addressing self-representation about reasoning domains and general cognitive processes, and the Big Five factors of personality. School performance in mathematics, science, and language was measured. Cogniti...
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