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#1Martí Català (UPC: Polytechnic University of Catalonia)
#2Sergio AlonsoH-Index: 15
Last. Clara PratsH-Index: 10
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Covid-19 appearance and fast spreading took by surprise the international community. Collaboration between researchers, public health workers and politicians has been established to deal with the epidemic. One important contribution from researchers in epidemiology is the analysis of trends so that both current state and short-term future trends can be carefully evaluated. Gompertz model has shown to correctly describe the dynamics of cumulative confirmed cases, since it is characterized by a de...
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Critical inspection of the world data of COVID-19 mortality rates per population number has been made and used to express extensive variations in mortality over the globe in terms of a powered parameter {lambda} varying from 0 to 1.2 expressed as a measure of strength of primary infection, originating from China source. The copying process is degenerating successively while infection is passed on to secondary subjects. We have been able to correlate global data through this parameter; any value ...
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#1Lee WordenH-Index: 7
#2Rae WannierH-Index: 2
Last. Travis C. PorcoH-Index: 42
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We estimated time-varying reproduction numbers of COVID-19 transmission in counties and regions of California and in states of the United States, using the Wallinga-Teunis method of estimations applied to publicly available data. The serial interval distribution assumed incorporates wide uncertainty in delays from symptom onset to case reporting. This assumption contributes smoothing and a small but meaningful increase in numerical estimates of reproduction numbers due to the likely existence of...
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Objective: To determine if Tocilizumab treatment in patients hospitalized with laboratory confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection and subsequent COVID-19 disease provides short-term survival benefit. Design: Case-control, observational study that includes an observation period from arrival to discharge or inpatient death. Both Cox proportional hazards and average treatment effects models were used to determine survival and treatment benefits. Setting: Three Cone Health acute care hospitals including one ...
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#1R. Jia (University of Nottingham)
Last. Kavita VedharaH-Index: 26
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Background: Previous pandemics have resulted in significant consequences for mental health. Here we report the mental health sequela of the COVID-19 pandemic on the UK population and examine modifiable and non-modifiable explanatory factors associated with mental health outcomes. We focus on the short-term consequences for mental health, as reported during the first four-six weeks of social distancing measures being introduced. Methods: A community cohort study was conducted with adults aged [≥]...
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#1L. Wright (UCL: University College London)
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Background: There are concerns that COVID-19 is having adverse effects on mental health. But it remains unclear whether this is being caused by worries over potential adversities due to the pandemic, or the toll of experiencing adverse events. Aims: To explore the time-varying longitudinal relationship between (i) worries about adversity, and (ii) experience of adversity, and both anxiety and depression and test the moderating role of socio-economic position. Methods: Data from 35,784 UK adults ...
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#1Brian D Nicholson (University of Oxford)H-Index: 7
#2Tim JamesH-Index: 17
Last. Brian ShineH-Index: 19
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Objective: To ascertain the diagnostic performance of faecal immunochemical test (FIT) in symptomatic primary care patients, to provide objective data on which to base referral guidelines. Design: Stool samples from routine primary care practice in Oxfordshire, UK were analysed using the HM-JACKarc FIT method between March 2017 to March 2020. Clinical details described on the test request were recorded. Patients were followed up for up-to 36 months in linked hospital records for evidence of beni...
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Last. Anil KumarH-Index: 39
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The epidemiological data up to 12th May 2020 for India and its 24 states has been used to predict COVID-19 outbreak within classical SIR (Susceptible-Infected-Recovered) model. The basic reproduction number R0 of India is calculated to be 1.15, whereas for various states it ranges from 1.03 in Uttarakhand to 7.92 in Bihar. The statistical parameters for most of the states indicates the high significance of the predicted results. It is estimated that the epidemic curve flattening in India will st...
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Background and aim: Given a potential surge of COVID-19 cases in Germany, the federal government and the federal states have ordered a shutdown of businesses and social activities. An important purpose of the shutdown is to avoid overstretching intensive care unit (ICU) capacity (flattening the curve). The aim of this study was to determine the clinical and economic value of a successful shutdown. Methods: In the base case, the study compared a successful shutdown to a worst-case scenario with n...
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Abstract BACKGROUND The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Saudi Arabia was first identified in a traveler from Al Qatif city, on March 2nd, 2020. The disease has quickly spread and reached multiple cities within a few weeks. In an attempt to limit the spread of COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia, the government has implemented strict regulations. Starting March 15th, all travelers coming back to the kingdom were tested for COVID-19 and were quarantined in a government-designated facility. Th...
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