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Sleep Health
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Abstract Objectives The increasing prevalence of advanced maternal age (AMA) coupled with poor sleep quality among pregnant women makes it important to study their association with perinatal outcomes. However, little is known about the interaction of AMA and maternal antenatal sleep on perinatal outcomes. Here, we examined whether associations between AMA and perinatal outcomes are modified by antenatal sleep quality. Participants Data were collected from 446 women, with a singleton pregnancy an...
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Abstract Objectives We aimed to examine the prevalence of poor sleep quality and short sleep and their associated factors in a working population in Singapore. Design This is a cross-sectional analysis. Setting Four companies in Singapore were included in this study. Participants Participants included 464 full-time employees (aged ≥21 years). Measurements Self-reported sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Self-administered questionnaires were used to collec...
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Abstract Objectives To describe sleep duration and work characteristics among registered nurses (“nurses”) across health care settings and unit types and determine the association between sleep duration and quality of care and patient safety. Design We used an observational, retrospective design. Survey data were collected from two cohorts of nurses in 2015 and 2016. Setting Health care and community settings across the United States, primarily acute care hospitals. Participants Nurses working i...
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Abstract Objectives Sleep and diet are important lifestyle factors for maintaining health. Although previous studies have suggested that sleep quality may be associated with specific nutrient and food intakes, the relationship between nutritional adequacy and sleep quality remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between sleep quality (insomnia symptoms) and adequate nutrient intake among Japanese adults. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Nationwide population sur...
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Abstract Objectives Shortened sleep has negative consequences on adolescents’ well-being. The present study evaluated an interactive school-based sleep education program (SEP) aimed at increasing adolescent sleep duration. Design and intervention A cluster-randomized controlled trial with 12 clusters (classes) was used. The intervention group received a SEP and the active control group received a healthy living program (HLP). Both groups underwent a 4-week class-based education program. The SEP ...
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Abstract Objectives Sleep is a major lifestyle factor that may change dramatically when students begin college. Sleep duration has been shown to influence cardiometabolic health. We investigated the feasibility of sleep extension in college students to increase actigraphically measured sleep duration and the association of sleep extension with daytime sleepiness and blood pressure. Design This was a within-participant experimental study. Setting The study setting was 14-day at-home study and 3 i...
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Abstract Objectives Cognitive impairment is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and cardiometabolic conditions are key contributors to its development. Short sleep is also a potential contributor to brain health; however, its role in predicting mortality remains poorly understood. We investigated whether objective short sleep duration increases the risk of all-cause mortality associated with coexisting cognitive impairment and cardiometabolic conditions, i.e., possible vascular cognitive im...
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Objectives The National Sleep Foundation’s (NSFs) sleep duration recommendations and quality indicators enable trichotomous classification of sleep parameters as ‘appropriate’, ‘may be appropriate’ or ‘inappropriate’, with the latter representing ‘suboptimal’ sleep. This study reports the prevalence of self-reported suboptimal sleep and associated demographics in a large sample of Australian adults. In addition, reported are rates of suboptimal sleep assessment by health-care clinicians/services...
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Abstract Objectives To explore (a) how perceptions of personal and divine control over one's sleep schedule combine in distinct ways to predict sleep quality among college students and (b) whether health behaviors and psychological distress mediate the associations between perceptions of sleep control and sleep quality. Methods We surveyed 1251 students attending a public university in South Texas. All measures were derived from self-reports. Binary logistic regression techniques were used to pr...
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Abstract The Women's Health Initiative (WHI), a longitudinal study of more than 161,000 postmenopausal women across the United States, provides an opportunity to investigate the link between sleep health and healthy aging. The purpose of this paper was to systematically review all published WHI articles examining sleep as a predictor of health outcomes and health behaviors/quality of life outcomes. A strength of the WHI is that for most participants, sleep measures were completed before a major ...
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