Public health reviews
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Public health reviews
S. Gray18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of the West of England),
David Evans14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of the West of England)
Background There is increasing recognition that improving health and tackling inequalities requires a strong public health workforce capable of delivering key public health functions across systems. The World Health Organization in Europe has identified securing the delivery of the Essential Public Health Operations and strengthening public health capacities within this as a priority. It is acknowledged that current public health capacities and arrangements of public health services vary conside...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Public health reviews
Nicolas Iragorri1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Calgary),
Eldon Spackman13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Calgary)
Background Screening is an important part of preventive medicine. Ideally, screening tools identify patients early enough to provide treatment and avoid or reduce symptoms and other consequences, improving health outcomes of the population at a reasonable cost. Cost-effectiveness analyses combine the expected benefits and costs of interventions and can be used to assess the value of screening tools.
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Public health reviews
Stefanie Schütte7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Sorbonne),
Damien Dietrich4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Geneva College)
+ 1 AuthorsAntoine Flahault53
Estimated H-index: 53
(University of Geneva)
Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. A number of screening trials for early detection of lung cancer exist, using chest X-ray, low-dose computed tomography, or both. However, little is known about the socio-demographic characteristics of participants in lung cancer screening programs. As gender and socio-economic determinants are important variables to consider for successful program implementation, this review aims to characterize the participants in such program...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Public health reviews
Babar Tasneem Shaikh17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Health Services Academy),
Zaeem Haq1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs)
+ 1 AuthorsAssad Hafeez11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Health Services Academy)
Background In Pakistan, immunization coverage has been quite low since the program’s inception, and the 2012–2013 population-based survey recorded it at 54%. Much has been written about the issues, challenges, and constraints in the implementation of Pakistan’s immunization program. However, there is a need to better understand the health system barriers as well as levers that influence progress. This review aims to bridge the information gaps on system-level barriers that currently impede the o...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Public health reviews
Kim S. Griswold10
Estimated H-index: 10
(State University of New York System),
Kevin Pottie25
Estimated H-index: 25
(University of Ottawa)
+ 2 AuthorsLi Lin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(State University of New York System)
Refugee populations have unequal access to primary care and may not receive appropriate health screening or preventive service recommendations. They encounter numerous health care disadvantages as a consequence of low-income status, race and ethnicity, lower educational achievement, varying degrees of health literacy, and limited English proficiency. Refugees may not initially embrace the concept of preventive care, as these services may have been unavailable in their countries of origin, or may...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Public health reviews
Kevin Selby8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Lausanne),
Gillian Bartlett-Esquilant3
Estimated H-index: 3
(McGill University),
Jacques Cornuz47
Estimated H-index: 47
(University of Lausanne)
With their longitudinal patient relationships, primary care physicians and their care teams are uniquely situated to promote preventive medicine, including cancer screening. A confluence of forces is driving the demand for the personalization of cancer screening recommendations. Recommendations are increasingly based on individual patient preferences, medical history, genetic and environmental risk factors, and level of interaction with the healthcare system. Current examples include choices bet...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Public health reviews
Stephen A. Matlin5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Imperial College London),
Antoine Flahault53
Estimated H-index: 53
+ 2 AuthorsLuciano Saso34
Estimated H-index: 34
Despite the greatly increased numbers of migrants and refugees worldwide in recent years, insufficient attention has been paid to addressing their health needs. While a variety of international instruments assert the right to health, in practice, migrants and refugees—especially those awaiting clarification of their status, such as asylum seekers and those without documentation—often fall in cracks between service providers and humanitarian relief programmes at national and regional levels.
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Public health reviews
Peter Bjerregaard36
Estimated H-index: 36
(University of Greenland),
Christina Viskum Lytken Larsen7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Greenland)
Greenland is a country in transition from a colonial past with subsistence hunting and fishing to an urban Nordic welfare state. Epidemiological transition from infectious to chronic diseases has been evident since the 1950s. Ninety percent of the population is Inuit. We studied three public health issues based on published literature, namely adverse childhood experiences, addictive behavior, and suicide; diet and obesity; and smoking. Alcohol consumption was high in the 1970s and 1980s with acc...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Public health reviews
René Leyva-Flores9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez22
Estimated H-index: 22
+ 2 AuthorsLaura Magaña-Valladares4
Estimated H-index: 4
Background Migration between Mexico and the USA constitutes the world’s largest migration corridor with more than 13 million movements of people in 2016. Furthermore, Mexico has a complex migration profile, being a country of origin, transit, destination, and return. While there has been discussion on the relationship between migration and development of origin communities, evidence on social and health issues faced by origin households is limited. This case study is a first attempt at documenti...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Public health reviews
Mukesh Hamal1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Barcelona),
Marjolein Dieleman16
Estimated H-index: 16
(VU University Amsterdam)
+ 1 AuthorsTjard de Cock Buning8
Estimated H-index: 8
(VU University Amsterdam)
Background There are several studies from different geographical settings and levels on maternal health, but none analyzes how accountability problems may contribute to the maternal health outcomes. This study aimed to analyze how accountability problems in public health system lead to maternal deaths and inequities in India.
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