Case reports in endocrinology
Papers 447
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#1Theresa N. Lanham (Reading Hospital)
#2Abigayle Sullivan (Reading Hospital)
Last. Anthony Donato (Reading Hospital)H-Index: 14
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Thyrotoxicosis is a constellation of symptoms including palpitations, tremors, agitation, and heat intolerance, caused by excess thyroid hormone. It can be life-threatening in its most serious form. We present a rare case of thyrotoxicosis provoked by mechanical trauma to the neck via strangulation in a young female with a history of self-resolving postpartum symptoms of hyperthyroidism one year prior, but no formal diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction. Although hyperthyroidism and posttraumatic str...
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare sporadic proliferative disorder of Langerhans cells. LCH rarely involves the thyroid gland. We report herein a case of a disseminated chronic form of LCH with a diagnosis established by histological examination of the thyroid gland. It is about a 37-year-old female who underwent total thyroidectomy for a thyroid nodule of the right lobe. Histological study showed a granulomatous thyroiditis, and the immunohistochemistry study revealed a strong positi...
#1Jerrold SpapenH-Index: 1
Last. Herbert D. Spapen (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)H-Index: 30
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Takotsubo syndrome is a rare but emerging form of acute reversible myocardial injury characterized by transient systolic LV dysfunction, often related to emotional or physical stress. Pheochromocytoma is increasingly recognised as another possible trigger. Pheochromocytoma is a rare catecholamine-secreting tumour arising from chromaffin cells within the adrenal medulla or extra-adrenal paraganglia. The pathognomonic quartet of paroxysmal hypertension, palpitations, headache, and diaphoresis is r...
Background. Primary hyperparathyroidism usually occurs secondary to parathyroid adenoma, multiglandular hyperplasia, or parathyroid carcinoma. The patients usually present with incidentally discovered high calcium level and systemic or skeletal manifestations. In young patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, familial syndromes including multiple endocrine neoplasia types 1, 2, and 4 and hyperparathyroidism jaw tumor syndrome should be considered. Case Description. We present a case of a 22-ye...
#1Wasita Warachit Parksook (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)
#2Nitchakarn Laichuthai (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 1
Last. Sarat Sunthornyothin (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 5
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The most common subtype of endogenous Cushing’s syndrome (CS) is Cushing’s disease (CD), with higher proportions of adrenal CS reported from Asia, compared to other continents. However, little was known about CS in this territory. This study was to investigate the distribution, clinical characteristics, and treatment outcomes of CS in a single tertiary hospital in Thailand. We performed a retrospective evaluation of 82 patients with endogenous CS during 2001–2015. The most common subtype was CD,...
#1Ibrahim Alali (Damascus University)
#2Reem Saad (Damascus University)
Last. Younes Kabalan (Damascus University)H-Index: 1
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Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is an extremely rare cause of growth failure and delayed puberty. It can be diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, showing an ectopic or absent posterior pituitary, an absent or interrupted pituitary stalk, or small anterior pituitary, in combination with growth hormone or other pituitary hormone deficiencies. The exact etiology of PSIS is unknown. In this article, we describe two cases of PSIS in Syria ...
#1Richard J. Robbins (Cornell University)H-Index: 44
#2Jessica S. Thomas (Cornell University)
Last. Jawairia Shakil (Houston Methodist Hospital)
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We report the case of a woman with a sporadic medullary thyroid carcinoma. Genomic analysis found that her tumor did not contain any common RET mutations but did harbor a BRAF V600E mutation. Only one other well-confirmed example of the BRAF V600E mutation has been reported in an MTC patient. We conclude that this common BRAF mutation may independently drive neoplastic transformation of human parafollicular C cells.
Introduction. Adrenocortical carcinomas (ACCs) are infrequently reported to present with severe hypoglycemia syndrome resulting from the secretion of insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) by tumor cells. Adrenocorticotropic hormone- (ACTH) independent hypercortisolism is the norm of hormonally active ACCs, but aberrant ACTH production by tumor cells can theoretically cause ACTH-dependent hypercortisolism. The purpose of this report was to present a case of an ACC manifested with the co-occurren...
#1Michelle N. Lee (San Antonio Military Medical Center)
#2WingYee Wan (San Antonio Military Medical Center)
Last. Maria Kravchenko (San Antonio Military Medical Center)
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Introduction. Pheochromocytomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors that arise from sympathetic adrenomedullary chromaffin tissue. Depending on the amount of catecholamines they secrete, they have variable presentations. There have been reported cases of adrenocorticotrophic (ACTH) secreting pheochromocytomas that present with severe Cushing syndrome. Here, we present a pheochromocytoma with adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) cosecretion, which due to its rarity and variable presentation, may be a d...
#2Gianluca Caridi (Istituto Giannina Gaslini)H-Index: 36
Last. Stefan FischliH-Index: 6
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In congenital analbuminemia (CAA), mutations in the albumin gene result in a severe deficiency or absence of plasma albumin. Only about 90 cases have been reported to date, but the specific features of glucose and lipid metabolism in congenital analbuminemia have only been studied in a rat model of analbuminemia. We report the case of a female patient hospitalized for a streptococcal skin infection who showed recurrent hypoglycemia. A diagnosis of CAA was confirmed by mutation analysis and by th...
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Diabetes mellitus