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Journal of gastrointestinal oncology
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Papers 1016
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The etiology behind the increasing incidence of early onset colorectal cancer (EOCRC) are incompletely elucidated, but could be attributed in part to lifestyle factors. We assessed the association between obesity and colorectal cancer (CRC) in younger versus older adults in the National Health Institute Survey. Multivariable logistic regression defined adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for CRC including an age ( vs . ≥50 years) *BMI ( vs . ≥30.0 kg/m2) int...
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Appendiceal intussusception caused by mucocele of the appendix is extremely rare. In the current study, a 32-year-old woman was admitted to the department of general surgery of our hospital, complaining of persistent right, lower quadrant pain without an obvious cause for 17 hours. Physical examination indicated significant pain and tenderness in the right, lower abdominal quadrant. Blood analysis indicated that leukocyte count, the percentage of neutrophils and the serum C-reactive protein were...
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Immunizations have influenced the epidemiology of numerous gastrointestinal cancers. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). Although most infections are transient and asymptomatic, persistent infections with oncogenic strains of HPV can progress to cervical, anal, penile, vaginal, vulvar, and oropharyngeal cancers. The introduction of HPV vaccinations has drastically reduced incidences of HPV-vaccine related infections and HPV related cervical cancers. The v...
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Background: Genetic analysis of gastrointestinal malignancies shows a great number of mutations. Most mutations found in gastric tumors are also found in colorectal and esophageal tumors. The challenge remains to identify mutations that distinguish gastric from colorectal and esophageal cancers. Using open-access cancer genomics data, we sought to identify mutations that accounted for the unique phenotypic features of gastric tumors. Methods: Thirteen cancer genomics datasets with demographic, c...
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Background: Early identification of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients that are BRAF-V600E mutant and/or microsatellite instability-high (MSI-High), has both prognostic and predictive value. We wanted to highlight an observation of utilizing 2 simple, rapid and universally available lab tests, i.e., carbohydrate cancer antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) tumor markers, the ratio (CA-19-9/ CEA) of which can distinctly identify these patients from other molecular subsets of CRC...
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Total mesorectal excision (TME) is the standard of care in rectal cancer surgery. Complete mesocolic excision and central vascular ligation (CME and CVL) are surgical concepts that are extrapolated from the principles of TME. Increasingly adopted by surgical units worldwide, laparoscopic CME/CVL for right sided colon cancer is a challenging procedure that requires meticulous dissection by the surgeon and detailed knowledge of the colonic vascular anatomy. This review article addresses the main i...
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Outcomes advantages for the minimally invasive approach to colon and rectal surgery have been clearly described since the original report of a laparoscopic colectomy in 1991. Advancements in minimally invasive options for colon and rectal surgery have produced the need for critical evaluation of alternative and evolving techniques. The evolution and increased adoption of the minimally invasive robotic platform has allowed the intracorporeal anastomosis, previously described with the laparoscopic...
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#1K Joo HyunH-Index: 30
Last.Johnny C. HongH-Index: 35
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Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are rare neoplasms with generally indolent growth behavior. The liver is the most common site of NET metastasis. The NET metastatic spread to the liver are usually multiple tumors involving bilateral hemilivers. For patients with isolated NET metastasis to the liver, a complete extirpation (R0) resection of both the primary NET and liver metastasis provide the best chance of tumor recurrence-free patient survival. Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) presents a viab...
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Background: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive malignancy with limited therapeutic options. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of the aminopeptidase inhibitor tosedostat with capecitabine in advanced PDAC. Methods: We conducted a phase Ib/II trial of tosedostat with capecitabine as second-line therapy for advanced PDAC. Planned enrollment was 36 patients. Eligible patients were treated with capecitabine 1,000 mg/m 2 oral twice-daily days 1–14 and oral tosedostat in a dose...
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