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Clinical nutrition ESPEN
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Summary Introduction Malnutrition and nutrition-related diseases are associated with hospital admissions, disability, institutionalization, and mortality in older people. Specialists in Geriatric Medicine and nutrition evaluate nutritional status as part of the comprehensive geriatric assessment; however, malnutrition still remains under-recognized and under-managed. Our survey explored nutrition assessment approaches used in daily clinical practice by geriatricians across Europe. Methods A 19-i...
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Summary Background & aim Obesity is a risk factor for both cardiovascular mortality and poor disease control. Unfavourable eating behaviours may have a role in obesity and increase the risk for obesity. In this study, we evaluated the eating behaviours of the patients with rheumatoid arthritis and compare these with controls. Also, we assessed the eating behaviour differences between obese and non-obese rheumatoid arthritis patients. Methods It was a cross sectional case control study. We enroll...
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Summary Introduction The adjustments to malnutrition in growth restricted fetus (GRF) that lead to obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adulthood are not well known. The most feasible explanation for this association is the hypothesis of catch up. Some studies postulate a greater influence of catch up growth than the low birth weight itself in developing metabolic and cardiovascular disease. Material and methods This is a prospective cohort study of newborns with i...
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#1Melinda White (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 10
#2Melinda Ziemann (Boston Children's Hospital)
Last.Anne Bernard (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 5
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Summary Background and aims Children with extended hospital stays are at risk of nutritional deterioration making regular nutrition screening throughout their admission an integral part of the nutrition care pathway. The purpose of this study was to design and validate a simple, quick and universal weekly rescreening tool to identify hospital acquired nutritional deterioration during a child's hospital stay. Methods A prospective, longitudinal sample of children aged 0–16 years admitted to a pae...
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Summary Background and aims Increased sodium intake is associated with increased risk of decompensation in patients with heart failure. This non-randomized, open-label, controlled study aimed to examine the feasibility, preliminary safety and efficacy of a low sodium-potassium enriched salt substitute compared to regular table salt in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF). Methods Fifty patients (68% male, NYHA I/II/III 6%/68%/26%, mean age 70 ± 9 years, LVEF 31 ± 5%...
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#1I. Dimakopoulos (AUA: Agricultural University of Athens)H-Index: 3
#2Emmanuella Magriplis (AUA: Agricultural University of Athens)H-Index: 3
Last.Eleftheria Roma (UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)H-Index: 14
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Summary Background & aims Serum 25(OH)D deficiency is becoming an epidemic. The aim was to assess vitamin D status of the adult Greek population in relation to intake, sun exposure and other factors, using data from the Hellenic National Nutrition and Health Survey (HNNHS). Methods Data from 1084 adult participants (37.8% males) were analyzed. Vitamin D intake was assessed using 24-h recalls. Serum 25(OH)D concentration was evaluated and related to anthropometric measurements and other covariate...
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Summary Frailty is a clinical syndrome with a worldwide prevalence of 5–27% among those aged over 65 years. Frailty is characterised by loss of muscle strength and impaired physical function, and is associated with increased falls, hospitalisation and death. Nutritional deficiencies and low physical activity are common in this age group due to ill health, disability and reductions in enthusiasm, food intake and therefore, energy availability. Both low physical activity and inadequate dietary int...
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Summary Objective Lifestyle interventions have been shown to be both effective and cost-effective in reducing diabetes and metabolic risk in high-risk populations. We systematically reviewed the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on anthropometric, glycemic and cardiovascular outcomes in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Method Relevant randomized control trials (RCT) were identified by searching multiple electronic databases through 20th June ...
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Summary Background Animal studies suggest that vitamin D can change the gut microbiome. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a high dose supplementation of vitamin D on the composition of the gut microbiome. Methods After DNA extraction, TaqMan assays were used for the quantitation of selected microbiome in the feces of 50 adolescent girls before and after vitamin D supplementation. Results The expression fold changes for Enterococcus, Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Bacte...
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Summary Background Vitamin D level is a common health problem for elderly persons and it is associated with a decrease in physical performance, furthermore, it has been demonstrated that those with low serum vitamin D level has more risk of cognitive impairment, depression and anxiety. Aim The aim of the study was to estimate relation of vitamin D and geriatric syndrome. Methods A prospective study was done on 50 subjects who were normal elderly persons above 65 years. All the participants were ...
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