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Nature Human Behaviour
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#1Christopher Summerfield (University of Oxford)H-Index: 35
#2Tsvetomira Dumbalska (University of Oxford)H-Index: 1
When making economic decisions, our choices are often influenced by irrelevant information. One prominent explanation appeals to normalisation in neural circuits. A new paper by Gluth and colleagues suggests that instead, attentional processes may be responsible.
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#1Tabea Hässler (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 1
#2Johannes Ullrich (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 17
Last.Roberto González (UC: Pontifical Catholic University of Chile)H-Index: 23
view all 43 authors...
Guided by the early findings of social scientists, practitioners have long advocated for greater contact between groups to reduce prejudice and increase social cohesion. Recent work, however, suggests that intergroup contact can undermine support for social change towards greater equality, especially among disadvantaged group members. Using a large and heterogeneous dataset (12,997 individuals from 69 countries), we demonstrate that intergroup contact and support for social change towards greate...
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#1Yin Wang (McGovern Institute for Brain Research)
#2Yin Wang (McGovern Institute for Brain Research)H-Index: 9
Last.Ingrid R. Olson (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 41
view all 9 authors...
Face processing supports our ability to recognize friend from foe, form tribes and understand the emotional implications of changes in facial musculature. This skill relies on a distributed network of brain regions, but how these regions interact is poorly understood. Here we integrate anatomical and functional connectivity measurements with behavioural assays to create a global model of the face connectome. We dissect key features, such as the network topology and fibre composition. We propose ...
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#1Balazs Aczel (ELTE: Eötvös Loránd University)H-Index: 10
#2Rink Hoekstra (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 9
Last.Wolf Vanpaemel (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 20
view all 12 authors...
Why is there no consensual way of conducting Bayesian analyses? We present a summary of agreements and disagreements of the authors on several discussion points regarding Bayesian inference. We also provide a thinking guideline to assist researchers in conducting Bayesian inference in the social and behavioural sciences.
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#1Monica Tromp (University of Otago)H-Index: 5
#2Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith (University of Otago)H-Index: 29
Last.Hallie R. Buckley (University of Otago)H-Index: 23
view all 6 authors...
Remote Oceania, which largely consists of islands covered in tropical forests, was the last region on earth to be successfully colonized by humans, beginning 3,000 years ago. We examined human dental calculus from burials in an ancient Lapita culture cemetery to gain insight into the early settlement of this previously untouched tropical environment, specifically on the island of Efate in Vanuatu. Dental calculus is an ideal material to analyse questions of human and plant interactions due to th...
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#1Nana Matoba (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 6
#2Nana Matoba (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 1
Last.Yukinori Okada (Osaka University)H-Index: 49
view all 15 authors...
Dietary habits are important factors in our lifestyle, and confer both susceptibility to and protection from a variety of human diseases. We performed genome-wide association studies for 13 dietary habits including consumption of alcohol (ever versus never drinkers and drinks per week), beverages (coffee, green tea and milk) and foods (yoghurt, cheese, natto, tofu, fish, small whole fish, vegetables and meat) in Japanese individuals (n = 58,610–165,084) collected by BioBank Japan, the nationwide...
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#1Ji‐An Li (USTC: University of Science and Technology of China)H-Index: 1
#2Daoyi Dong (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 24
Last.Xiaochu ZhangH-Index: 15
view all 7 authors...
Classical reinforcement learning (CRL) has been widely applied in neuroscience and psychology; however, quantum reinforcement learning (QRL), which shows superior performance in computer simulations, has never been empirically tested on human decision-making. Moreover, all current successful quantum models for human cognition lack connections to neuroscience. Here we studied whether QRL can properly explain value-based decision-making. We compared 2 QRL and 12 CRL models by using behavioural and...
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#1Kelsey Lucca (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 4
#2Rachel O. Horton (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 1
Last.Jessica A. Sommerville (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 23
view all 3 authors...
The ability to decide whether, when and how to try is central to human learning. We investigated whether infants can make rational inferences about when and how to try on a novel problem-solving task. After learning from an adult that the task was either easy, difficult or impossible to solve, infants varied in whether, when and how they tried based on the type of social evidence that they received and on their own ongoing experience with the task. Specifically, infants formed expectations about...
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Health and social scientists have documented the hospital revolving-door problem, the concentration of crime, and long-term welfare dependence. Have these distinct fields identified the same citizens? Using administrative databases linked to 1.7 million New Zealanders, we quantified and monetized inequality in distributions of health and social problems and tested whether they aggregate within individuals. Marked inequality was observed: Gini coefficients equalled 0.96 for criminal convictions, ...
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