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Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Papers
1990
Papers 2187
1 page of 219 pages (2,187 results)
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Abstract Adopting a methodological approach developed over the last decade in order to analyse the decoration of containers belonging to the Castelluccio culture (Sicily – Italy; late 3rd – mid-2nd millennium BC), this study aims to contribute to the reconstruction of the stylistic behaviours of Early Bronze Age Sicily and in particular of the Hyblean area, by discussing some new results of a broader research. The latter has highlighted a possible pattern of circulation of stylistic traits based...
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#1Brian A. Maitland (Fort Lewis College)
#2Jesse W. Tune (Fort Lewis College)H-Index: 2
Last. Michael P. Grubb (Fort Lewis College)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Archaeological and ethnographic records document a long and rich history of plant-based resource use by Indigenous peoples of the American Southwest. The history of this resource use tells a complex story of human-environment relationships in this arid landscape. Indigenous peoples of the American Southwest have historically made use of pine pitch to waterproof their basketry. Here, we have identified the pine species origin of the pitch used to construct historical baskets utilizing ga...
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#1Kayla D Crowder (Durham University)H-Index: 1
#2Janet Montgomery (Durham University)H-Index: 30
Last. Jane Evans (BGS: British Geological Survey)H-Index: 38
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Abstract The Archiud “Hânsuri” cemetery in Transylvania, Romania is the burial site of a barbarian population from the Kingdom of the Gepids (4th–7th Cent AD). Previous work examining the dietary isotope life-histories and palaeopathological profiles of the non–adults ( Crowder et al., 2019 ). Strontium, carbon and oxygen isotopes were measured on enamel, dentine, and bone of four individuals from the Archiud cemetery to investigate residential origins. The Archiud individuals had 87Sr/86Sr valu...
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Abstract Technological and social practices can be deciphered by deployment of multiple techniques that have been developed in the last years for the study of sun-dried and heated mud bricks. This research analyzed for the first time the chain of operational processes involved in the manufacture of heated mud bricks in the Neolithic of the Southern Levant. Heated mud bricks (and associated soil/sediment controls) were studied from four Neolithic sites in Israel; the submerged Pre-Pottery Neolith...
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#1Auréade Henry (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 5
#2Vanna Lisa Coli (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 1
Last. Isabelle Théry-Parisot (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 13
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Abstract Does fragment size influence significantly archaeological charcoal spectra? Does the floristic content of charcoal concentrations provide a representative image of the anthracological record? These taphonomy-related questions are as old as the first methodological groundwork in anthracology and therefore, they could be considered as solved. The aim of this paper is to show that they are still topical today, as depositional and post-depositional conditions vary between archaeological con...
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#1Dianne Unsain (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)
Last. Pierre Magniez (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 4
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Abstract Through the work of historians and zooarchaeologists, French medieval butchery, its regulations, skills, prices and products offered for sale are well known, especially from the 13th and 14th centuries. Nevertheless, the consumer of the high Middle Ages as well as his culinary practices are relatively unknown. This zooarchaeological study of Petra Castellana castrum (11th−12th centuries AD), in particular bone density and animal utility indices, has shed light on the supply systems and ...
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#1Fabrizio Antonelli (Università Iuav di Venezia)H-Index: 15
#2Andrea BloiseH-Index: 18
Last. Domenico MirielloH-Index: 16
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Abstract This paper presents the results of an archaeometric study performed on white marbles from the shipwreck of Cala Cicala (Crotone, Calabria, Italy). The stone materials, especially the white marbles, are an excellent tool for reconstructing the trade routes of the past and studying the relationships between ancient populations. The purposes of this study were to establish the provenance of the white marbles of the shipwreck of Cala Cicala (Crotone, Calabria, Southern Italy) and to use ana...
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#1Maria Gurova (BAS: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2Clive Bonsall (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 19
Abstract Pitchstone (a volcanic glass similar to obsidian) from geological outcrops on the west coast of Scotland circulated widely among Neolithic communities in northern Britain and Ireland, representing an exchange network that in its areal extent rivalled those that developed around obsidian sources in continental Europe and the Mediterranean. While the archaeological distribution of pitchstone within the British Isles is now well documented, rather less is known about which sources were use...
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#2Chase W. Beck (A&M: Texas A&M University)H-Index: 1
Last. Lori E. WrightH-Index: 23
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Abstract Pathophysiological fractionation of stable nitrogen and carbon isotopes during periods of nutritional stress has the potential to bias investigations of ancient diets using such methods, particularly when no corroborating evidence of stress is apparent. More stable isotope analyses of human proxies for nutritional stress are therefore necessary to resolve this issue of diet vs. stress. We show here that individuals undergoing bariatric surgery are an ideal proxy for studying pathophysio...
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#1Christophe SnoeckH-Index: 9
#2Carleton Jones (National University of Ireland, Galway)H-Index: 2
Last. Rick Schulting (University of Oxford)H-Index: 23
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Abstract This paper presents the results of a study using strontium, oxygen and carbon isotopes, strontium concentrations, infrared analyses and radiocarbon dating to investigate human mobility and landscape use as seen in individuals from the Neolithic court tomb of Parknabinnia, Co. Clare, Ireland. Taking advantage of the recent demonstration that it is possible to obtain reliable in vivo strontium isotope signals from calcined bone, we compare measurements on cremated bone (n = 4) and uncrema...
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