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Global Food Security
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5.46
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#1Eva-Marie Meemken (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 4
Abstract Several studies have analyzed whether sustainability standards—such as Fairtrade or Organic—deliver on their promise to benefit smallholder farmers in developing countries, with mixed results. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to consolidate results from 97 original studies. We place a focus on economic effects of sustainability standards and outcome variables that are frequently considered in quantitative studies, including output prices, yields, production costs, farmer...
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#1P. Krishna Krishnamurthy (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)
#2R. Choularton (Tetra Tech)H-Index: 5
Last. Peter Kareiva (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 6
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Abstract Early warning systems are essential tool for humanitarian preparedness and response. The diversity of inputs required, ranging from agricultural production estimates to market price variability and weather forecasts, means that interpreting food security signals is not an easy task. Each of these inputs is fraught with uncertainty which analysts need to assess when making projections about future food security. Understanding the accuracy rates of early warning systems is therefore of pa...
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#1Kathleen E. Colverson (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 2
#2Lacey Coble Harris (UF: University of Florida)
Last. Ran Mo (UF: University of Florida)
view all 8 authors...
Abstract The Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) has been in use since 2012 and is widely recognized as one of the most rigorous tools to measure women's empowerment as a direct or indirect result of interventions from development projects. Changes to the WEAI have been ongoing and recent adaptations include measuring effects of interventions to improve livestock value chains on women's empowerment, as well as livestock related research. A multidisciplinary team of researchers at ILR...
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#1Jessica Ann Diehl (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 2
#2Erin Sweeney (Murdoch University)
Last. Manasi Prabhudesai (NUS: National University of Singapore)
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Commercial urban agriculture is typically restricted to agriculture land use, green or open spaces, or under-utilised or undeveloped land. As urbanising cities face the double threats of urban food insecurity and land scarcity, multi-functional urban land uses that integrate rather than separate agriculture from other land uses could be a critical adaptation for the sustainability of future cities. With less than 1% of land in agricultural use, the high-density, city-state of Singapore ...
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#1Luana F.J. Swensson (FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization)
#2Florence Tartanac (FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization)H-Index: 1
Abstract Public food procurement (PFP) programmes have been receiving increasing attention as an important policy instrument with the potential to deliver multiple benefits for multiple beneficiaries. A key characteristic of a PFP programme is that it has the possibility – depending on sound policy and regulatory frameworks – to determine not only the way food is procured but in particular (i) what food will be purchased (such as local, diverse, nutritious and healthy); (ii) from whom (e.g. from...
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#1Hans van MeijlH-Index: 30
#2L.J. ShutesH-Index: 3
Last. Petr HavlikH-Index: 42
view all 10 authors...
Global economic models have been increasingly used to project food and agricultural developments for long term-time horizons, but food security aspects have often been limited to food availability projections. In this paper, we propose a broader framework to explore the future of food and nutrition security with a focus on food availability, food access, and a reasonable proxy for food utilisation. This framework is applied to a new set of stakeholder-designed scenarios of alternative future wor...
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#1Guillaume Soullier (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 1
#2Matty Demont (IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)H-Index: 21
Last. Patricio Mendez Del Villar (Agro ParisTech)H-Index: 3
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Following the food price crisis in 2008, African governments implemented policies aiming at crowding in investment in rice value chain upgrading to help domestic rice compete with imports. We assess the state of rice value chain upgrading in West Africa by reviewing evidence on rice millers’ investment in semi-industrial and industrial milling technologies, contract farming and vertical integration during the post-crisis period 2009–2019. We find that upgrading is more dynamic in countr...
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#1Isabelle Weindl (PIK: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research)H-Index: 14
#2Mario OstH-Index: 9
Last. Oliver Schlüter (Leibniz Association)H-Index: 27
view all 16 authors...
Abstract Many global health risks are related to what and how much we eat. At the same time, the production of food, especially from animal origin, contributes to environmental change at a scale that threatens boundaries of a safe operating space for humanity. Here we outline viable solutions how to reconcile healthy protein consumption and sustainable protein production which requires a solid, interdisciplinary evidence base. We review the role of proteins for human and ecosystem health, includ...
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#1Corrie C. BrownH-Index: 29
#2Karyn A. HavasH-Index: 2
view all 12 authors...
Abstract Animal health is central in improving nutrition and livelihoods. Principal Investigators from the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems synthesized overarching concerns and identified opportunities for enhancement. Various educational institutes provide differing levels of training and oversight. Few of educational establishments have a system for accreditation and/or periodic review. The public sector for animal health, which is that portion funded by tax dollars, often ...
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#1C. Bren d’Amour (Technical University of Berlin)
#2B. Pandey (Yale University)
Last. Karen C. Seto (Yale University)H-Index: 46
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Urban consumption of processed and fast foods is a challenge to nutrition security. Observed differences in urban versus rural consumption are commonly attributed to higher income levels in urban areas. Yet, there is still no clear understanding of why and how urban dwellers consume differently. Using India as a case study, we analyze expenditures on processed foods and consumption of food away from home (FAFH) of urban, metropolitan, and rural populations using OLS regression models. W...
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