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Global Food Security
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Abstract There is a global need to sustainably increase aquaculture production to meet the needs of a growing population. Bivalve shellfish aquaculture is highly attractive from a human nutrition, economic, environmental and ecosystem standpoint. However, bivalve industry growth is falling behind fish aquaculture due to critical problems in the production process. Feed defects, disease, and quality issues are limiting production. New advances in microencapsulation technology have great potential...
#1Hannah Ameye (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
#2Johannes V. Swinnen (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 72
Abstract Obesity is considered one of the major health concerns of the 21st century and is frequently associated with economic development. This paper reviews evidence on internal (within countries) and external (across countries) relationships between obesity, income and gender. Obesity changes with income, but in a non-linear way. On average, obesity increases with income in poor countries, has no relationship with income in middle-income countries and decreases with income for rich countries....
#1Pramod K. Aggarwal (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 5
#2Shalika Vyas (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 1
Last.Martin Kropff (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
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Abstract Many assessments of climate change impacts on global crop yields project declines as early as the 2020s. Losses are projected to increase with time, up to 50% by the 2080s. We carry out a systematic global review and compare published projections of climate change impacts from 34 studies and ∼4500 data points for the 2020s for maize, rice and wheat at country level with observed and forecasted national crop yields for the same period based on available global crop statistics. We find th...
#1Christian Bateki (University of Hohenheim)
#2Georg Cadisch (University of Hohenheim)H-Index: 38
Last.U. Dickhoefer (University of Hohenheim)H-Index: 9
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Abstract Intensifying grassland-based ruminant livestock systems (GRLS) in the African Guinea Savanna could contribute to food and income security of the increasing African population. Grassland-based ruminant livestock models (GRLM) may be useful to holistically assess the efficacy and sustainability of different intensification options. Therefore, we evaluated how adequately existing GRLM address future modelling needs required for assessing how sustainable and resilient different GRLS intensi...
#1Daniel Ricardo Jimenez (CIAT: International Center for Tropical Agriculture)H-Index: 5
#2Sylvain J. Delerce (CIAT: International Center for Tropical Agriculture)H-Index: 2
Last.Andy Jarvis (CIAT: International Center for Tropical Agriculture)H-Index: 35
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Abstract The Colombian Ministry of Agriculture Colombia, an international research center and a national farmers’ organization developed a data-driven agricultural program that: (i) compiles information from multiple sources; (ii) interprets that data; and (iii) presents the knowledge to farmers through the local advisory services. Data was collected from multiple sources, including small-scale farmers. Machine learning algorithms combined with expert opinion defined how variation in weather, so...
#1Reiner Wassmann (KIT: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)H-Index: 9
#2J. Villanueva (IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)
Last.Bjoern Ole Sander (IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)H-Index: 8
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Abstract Climate-smart Agriculture (CSA) represents a commonly accepted term in referring to intended changes in agriculture production addressing climate change. Although specific definitions may vary, CSA is typically conceived as having three pillars, namely Adaptation, Food Security and Mitigation. These three pillars as such, however, do not suffice for assessing scaling potentials of different CSA technologies as several other drivers may accelerate or impede large-scale adoption. This pap...
#1Alfonso Sánchez (LUC: Loyola University Chicago)
#2Chandreyee Namhata (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 1
Abstract Globally, there is a growing concern about the future of food security and its influence on social cohesion; however, these concerns vary both within and across countries. Previous research has focused on one dimension of food security to explain protest participation. Using Afrobarometer data from 31 sub-Saharan African countries across four waves of surveys from 2005 to 2015, we employ a multilevel model to account for all four dimensions of food security: availability, access, utiliz...
#1Sieglinde S. Snapp (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 30
#2Cindy M. Cox (Silver Spring Networks)
Last.Brad G. Peter (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 4
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Abstract Legumes are often cited as essential components for sustainable agriculture development in Africa, yet investment in germplasm improvement and in understanding adoption of these important crops has been modest. In this review, we present promising legume options by farming system niche, thus providing an ecological as well as socio-economic lens for better policy decision making. We focus on multipurpose legumes with complementary growth habits that can be grown in conjunction for enhan...
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